Final Report. Table of Contents. Report issue 2. Introd

Added on - 25 Sep 2019

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Final Report
Table of ContentsReport issue.....................................................................................................................................2Introduction......................................................................................................................................2Overview of urban health issue....................................................................................................2Rationale of urban health issue........................................................................................................2Child obesity in Lambeth.............................................................................................................4Determinants impact on health issue...............................................................................................6Lack of physical activity.......................................................................................................6Excess caloric intake.............................................................................................................6High-income age group with high socio-economic status....................................................6Age and female gender.........................................................................................................7Sociocultural factor and urbanization...................................................................................7Public health consequences & implications....................................................................................7Strategies and interventions.............................................................................................................8Recommendations............................................................................................................................9Conclusion.......................................................................................................................................9References......................................................................................................................................11
Report issueA report is on health issue on the childhood obesity age group of 10-11 children in the Lambethborough of London.IntroductionIn this present paper, we will discuss the report on an urban health issue of childhood obesityamong the age group of 10-11 children in the Stockwell within the borough of Lambeth. Thepaper also describe the rationale if choosing childhood obesity as an urban health issue,determinants which impacts on the childhood obesity in the wider context, public healthconsequences and implications of childhood obesity that impacts on the general population,health services, and an individual, strategies, and interventions to address the childhood obesity,and recommendations has been made on the basis of analysis.Overview of urban health issueOver the past several years it is found that prevalence of overweight and obesity has beentremendously increasing and approximately 170 Million children are overweight globally. It isfounded on the study that higher rate of childhood overweight is in upper-middle class incomecountriesThe childhood obesity in England is rapidly increasing in the last few years which is a majorproblem faced by London. According to the London government health report (2009-10), it isshown that there is 11.6 % children from the age group of 4-5 years are suffering from obesityand 21.8% of children from the age group of 10-11 years are facing obesity. Over the past three
years, the percentage is at risk of being obese in which boys are at greater risk as the comparisonto girls in the age group of 10-11 years (van Jaarsveld et al., 2015). There is insignificantinequality in London, and in deprived areas, there is the higher prevalence of children at risk ofobesity. It is founded on the study that children from ethnic minority group such as the blackCaribbean, Black African, and Bangladeshi. Childhood obesity is linked to physiological andpsychological health problems. It is shown that the obesity among the children is linked with lowself-confidence, low self-image, and depression. It is shown that psychological problems amongthe people are raising the age and evidence shows that obesity among the children, later on, theincrease with age and especially in girls. It is shown that one in four 11 years old children areobese in Dagenham, Westminster, Barking, Greenwich, Lambeth, Southwark, Barking, andLambeth in 2013-14. It is found that obese has increased in 23 of London's 32 boroughs. It isfounded that obsess is higher in than the England average in 28 boroughs of London.Rationale of urban health issueAccording to the (Dina et al., 2007), it is found that childhood obesity is significantly increasingin London and national data shows that approximately 17% of children aged between 5-19 yearsare facing obesity. It is found that obesity in London is higher among the age group of 10-11years then it is England on average whereas it is rising everywhere. It is found that quarter ofchildren of 11 years old are obese. It is shown in the below picture: