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FOOD FUNDAMENTALS1Food FundamentalsName of the AuthorDepartmentUniversity/institutionAuthors contact informationWord count 1020
FOOD FUNDAMENTALS2IntroductionThis report compares and contrasts the packaging as well as labelling of two products;Pauls No-fat milk and Banisters down fresh milk (full cream and skim milk). Packaging refersto protecting or enclosing products for sale, distribution or use (1). It can also refer to thetechnique of evaluating, designing or developing packages. Packaging comprises of preserves,protects informs, transports and sells. On the other hand, labelling is a written, graphic orelectronic communication on a package or a separate associate label (1).The Function of PackagingFrom the products mentioned above (Bannisters down fresh milk and Paul’s no fat milk),packaging can be used to serve different roles. They include;Physical protection; the milk put in a package will need protection from vibration, mechanicalshock, as well as spilling to mention just a few.Barrier protection; Lee (2) asserts that packaging in the different types of milk can serve as abarrier to dust, oxygen and water vapour. Permeation is an essential factor when it comes to thedesign of a packaging material. Some packages contain oxygen absorbers to aid in extending theshelf life. Also Modified/controlled temperatures are crucial when it comes to food packages likethe milk presented in this report. Keeping its contents hygienic as well as safe for the duration ofthe intended shelf life is a critical function. However barriers may be developed in instanceswhere seclusion of the materials before the end user is necessary like in the case of fluids likemilk (2).Containment; small items are usually grouped in a package for storage as well as self-efficacy.Examples of substances that require containment include powder, liquid and granules. The
FOOD FUNDAMENTALS3different types of product presented in this report are contained in a plastic and containerpackagesPortion control; The single-serving packaging usually has an exact amount of contents tomonitor its usage. Bulk goods like sugar could be split into packages that are of smaller sizes forthe personal households (3). Portion control helps in controlling of inventory.Convenience; packages may have features that enhance convenience in handling, distribution,display, sale, stacking, opening, and reusing to mention just a few. This is witnesses in the PaulsNo- fat product where the milk is stored in a container for easy handling unlike in the otherproduct where it is packed in a plastic bag.Security; According to Oddy (6) packaging plays an active role in lowering the risks duringshipment. They can be covered with tamper resistance to prevent manipulation. The tamper-evident can also be used to show that tampering has occurred. This kind of security feature isprovided in the Paul’s No fat milk where the milk is sealed in a container unlike in the otherproduct.Types of PackagingPackaging can be of different types. In the products presented in this report, Paul’s No fatmilk is packed in a plastic bottle whereas Bannisters Down milk is packed in unspecified plasticbag. Packaging can also be described to the type of pre-cut benign packaged, e.g. medical devicepackaging and retail food packaging to mention just a few. However, it is sometimes ideal tocategorise packages through layers or function as primary, secondary or tertiary packaging.Primary packaging is where the material encloses the item and holds it. This is a smallunit of distribution, and the package is in contact with its components (6).