Foundations of Professional Nursing

Added on -2020-02-05

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Foundations of Professional Nursing 1Foundations of Professional NursingStudent's Name:Instructor's Name:Date
Foundations of Professional Nursing 2Foundations of Professional NursingIntroductionNurses are an integral member of the health system responsible for providing care to thepatients based on ethical issues. A nurse continuously juggles between multiple role like careprovider, counsellor, patient’s advocate, communicator and a teacher. Though classicalnursing often document a nurse as an assistant or handmaidens to the doctors, butcontemporary nursing is task-based dependent on several sets of technical education andskills. A significant change is witnessed in education, role, training, skills, and duties of anurse. This advancement in modern day nursing is known to be influenced by varioushistorical, political, and/or socio cultural factors. Hence, it is necessary for a nurse to have anin-depth understanding about these factors and how these factors influence the course ofnursing professional. This paper is envisioned to discuss two such factors which has a verystrong influence on foundation of professional nursing, namely historical and politicalfactors. Historical Influence: Sisters of MercyHistory of nursing is as old as 4000 years, when ancient Egyptian doctors and nurses devotedtheir life to take care of the sick. The history of healthcare and nursing can provide severalexamples of wisdom of our forbearers in providing treatment to the needy in challengingsituation in an unknown future. History of nursing can state names of several women andmen who had ardently spent their life to nursing and have left a strong impression in terms ofproviding care and nursing. Each one of them robustly influence the contemporary nursingprofession. One such name from history of nursing is “Sisters of mercy”. From early to mid-19th century in Ireland several Irish women were deeply concerned withthe plight of the sick poor and were driven to care for them. But, due to some of the
Foundations of Professional Nursing 3unavoidable social circumstances it was required that these women form an organisation ofreligious sisters. They named the organization as “Sisters of Mercy”, this organization wasled by Catherine McAuley. This organization provided daily care for the sick poor in theirhomes, which included providing physical, spiritual and emotional comfort and consolation,as well as advice about coping with diseases and social conditions (Stanislas, 2015). In in1832, during the first great cholera epidemic, the sisters of mercy provided compassionatecare to the patients in the Dublin hospital and helped to control the epidemic (Stanislas,2015). During this period, they extended their knowledge about providing care to criticallyill patients. During the time of the Crimean war in 1853–1856, twelve nurses from sister ofmercy served the war patients, later at the end of war the sister of mercy were recognized asskilled nurses. Catherine McAuley, the founder and leader of sisters of mercy provided theidea ofcareful nursing”which is still reflected in modern day nursing. The basic ideology ofsisters of mercy was to encourage careful nursing which can engage nurses and providemeaningful direction for practice. Furthermore, it was anticipated that by implementingcareful nursing, a nurse could help to decrease incidents of incompetent and insensitivepractice and sustain already exemplary practice. The ideology of sister of mercy became thefoundation stone of nursing and in 1854, careful nursing was set up a model of nursing. The historical influence of sister of influence is seen on the model of modern day nursing.This model provides a structure, processes and values for nursing practice, supports nurses’control over their practice and can be used in all types of practice areas and settings (Dunbaret al. 2007). The model of careful nursing as advocated by sisters of mercy has ten basicprinciples viz. disinterested love, contagious calmness, creation of a restorative environment,‘perfect’ skill in fostering safety and comfort, nursing interventions, health education,participatory authoritative management, trustworthy collaboration, power derived fromservice and nurses’ care for themselves(Johnson, Cowin, Wilson, Young, 2012).

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