Future of. Emotions in Artificial Intelligence. Student

Added on - 30 Sep 2019

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Future ofEmotions in ArtificialIntelligenceStudent: FILL STUDENT'S NAMEFaculty: FILL FACULTY'S NAMECourse: FILL COURSE TITLEDate: FILL DATE
Research StatementDoes artificial intelligence feel emotions, and where are we heading to?IntroductionEmotions are what makes us human. And when we attempt to give machines the power tothink like us, is it any wonder we would also like them tofeellike us. After all, withoutemotions, a man is also an automaton. Have we been able to create an automaton that feelslike a human does? Will we be able to?In this research, I will explore human emotions and intelligence, talk about our desire formachines to feel emotions and react, issues standing in the way of progress and finallyextrapolate the future of emotions in AI.Also, for this research I will only talk about Weak AI which concerns itself with solving a well-defined narrow set of problems e.g. scheduling a user's goals automatically in available timeslots in Google Calendar app (available on Web, Android and iOS). Strong AI or general AI is outof scope for this discussion.An Ancient Wish to Forge The GodsAI began in ancient times with the human desire to create something in his own image,something that can think, act and feel like him. This desire has been finding outlet since thattime in the myths, legends, stories, speculations, arts and literature, technology of the times.(McCorduck, 2004).For example, mechanical men and artificial beings appear in Greek myths, such as the goldenrobots of Hephaestus to serve their masters intelligently and Pygmalion's Galatea where amarble sculpture is made alive by a Goddess. In the Middle Ages, there were rumors of secretmystical or alchemical means of placing mind into matter. By the 19th century, ideas aboutartificial men and thinking machines were developed in fiction, as in the original Frankenstein(McCorduck, 2004).Also, it was not always good news for the AI, as it suffered major setbacks, now referred to as AIWinters, in which financial funding and interest of researchers dropped. Fortunately, thesewere short-lived and it is my personal opinion that so many individuals, companies,governments are directly or indirectly funding AI that there will never be another AI Winter.
Describing Human IntelligenceBehind all these, in every era and civilization, we can see an assumption that humanintelligence" can be so precisely described that a machine can be made to simulate it."(McCarthy, Minsky, Rochester, & Shannon, 2006). But then, do we know everything abouthuman intelligence? Is it a standalone feature of us, or do emotions, attitudes, moods,memories interact and interfere with each other?Human intelligence can be defined as mental quality that consists of the abilities to learn fromexperience, adapt to new situations, understand and handle abstract concepts, and useknowledge to manipulate one’s environment("human intelligence | psychology", 2016). Thisgeneral definition is satisfactory as far as discussions are among humans. When we want toexplain this to a machine, when we are bound to work in terms of well-defined inputs andoutputs, when we desire to create artificial intelligence, we require to understand it ourselvesand this raises philosophical arguments about the nature of the mind and the ethics of creatingartificial beings endowed with human-like intelligence (McCorduck, 2004).Nonetheless, legends, myths and fiction are not bound by determinism of inputs and outputsand contain sentient creatures, automatons that think, talk and act like a human would .However, to create something like this does require elaborate specification of requirements.Role of Emotions in IntelligenceEarlier, emotions and intelligence were considered distinct, but now we are finding thatemotions make our thinking possible (McCarthy, Minsky, Rochester, & Shannon, 2006) and it isprobably counterproductive to try to separate them(Pessoa, 2009).Isolated from all external stimuli, forced to make a rational decision, we are fully capable ofcoldly calculating multiple options, run them through in our minds and then choose an optimalpath with maximum benefit and minimum loss. However, decisions are rarely taken such coldlyand rarely are we so detached from the process and the outcome. We usually make decisionswith emotions and then justify them with logic(Takahashi, 2013).Our propensity for making decision with emotions give us the life suggestion that we shouldnever make a decision when we are angry, and never make a promise when we are happy("Don't promise when you are happy, don't reply when you are angry, and don't decide whenyou are sad. - Tiny Buddha", 2016). It must happened with you also, that you took a decisionwhen you were angry, and later, in hindsight, you realize you made a wrong decision and givena chance, you would do something else. ("Article: Emotional Intelligence Impacts Decision-Making - Jason Kleid: Changing Lives » Optimizing Performance", 2016)
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