Global health and sustainability Assignment

Added on - 22 Mar 2021

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Global health and sustainability1
Table of ContentsPurpose.....................................................................................................................................3Background..............................................................................................................................3Current Status..........................................................................................................................5Safe drinking-water...................................................................................................................6Sanitation....................................................................................................................................6Hygiene.......................................................................................................................................6Global policy context................................................................................................................7Key Considerations.................................................................................................................9Options....................................................................................................................................11Conclusions............................................................................................................................12Recommendations................................................................................................................13Reference...............................................................................................................................14Appendices.............................................................................................................................162
Purpose'Sustainability is considered as an essential measure for addressing global healthwhich relates fundamentals, organizational agencies and global agencies inassessing public health agendas. Global health and sustainability focus on theoverall situation of health care and sanitation of the global people concerning clearand pure drinking water, satisfactory health treatment, and proper dumping systemof human waste and sewage. The paper aims to create a clear idea about the globalscenario of sustainable health care illustrating the theories, policies, practices, andimplementation related to the factors in the global context.BackgroundAvailable sanitation which includes hygiene and pure water are the key factors thatare must to maintain good health and to ensure socio-economic development. Thisis the key issue that must be followed and ensured to reduce the morbidity rates, theseverity of different and to increase the standard of life predominantly in developingcountries.Since the last 150 years, two issues have formed the global health care system; 1.the scientific knowledge development on the origin and the systematic control ofdisease and 2. the advancement in the acceptance of controlling the disease asresponsibility and opportunity. In the early years' people consider the reasons fordisease as a mark of resignation where most of the people are reluctant to takenecessary steps(Choffnes and Mack, 2009). As more research conducted on thecauses, sources and medium of controlling disease, more actual involvementsagainst health intimidations were found.Before the 1800s, epidemics like cholera, plague, and pox induced periodic publicefforts to guard peoples from life-threatening diseases. At that time epidemics werethought of as a sign of a poor ethical and divine situation that can be reducedthrough prayer and by separating the patient from the community or by restrictingtravellers through quarantine(Tracking the plague in DR Congo, 2021).3
In the eighteenth century, isolation and quarantine for the sick became commonissues for controlling identified transmittable diseases. Many American portsformulated rules and regulation to ensure quarantine and isolation for ill travellers.Massachusetts approved regulations for separation of smallpox affected person andship quarantine on demand. In the last of the eighteenth century, quite a lot of citieshad recognized permanent assemblies to implement quarantine and isolation laws.As a result, the physical and mental illness of the people has become a greatconcern for the family and community by providing supports and care(Kennamer,2007). This issue became popular in England and implemented as mandatory by theofficials embracing the 1601 Poor Law which results in building a hospital forphysical as well as mental illness."The great sanitary awakening" was established in the 19thcentury pioneering theterm public health. The recognition of dirt and unhygienic factors bring the cause ofillness into the light which was the vital constituent of 19th-century societal reforms(van Oosten, 2014). The term Sanitation shifted the thinking about physical illness.The sickness has become a marker for the poor situation associated with the socio-economic conditions, moral and divine conditions. Hygiene was involved as a trackfor good physical and mental health. Sanitation altered the path of social belief aboutpublic accountability for national health. Disease control sustained to emphasis oncontagious disease, but the way of monitoring diverted from quarantine tocleanliness and refining the communal environment. Sanitation and public healthdeveloped a goal al through the world and protection of health developed as a publicaction.With the rapid growth of suburbanization of the inhabitants, a dirty environmentbecame normal in the office areas as well as in the industrial areas which becamethe cause of the transmission of different diseases in the 19th century. In Londonpox, cholera, TB etc. touched the record levels. It was assessed that more than 1individual from 10 died of such diseases (Hilgenkamp, 2006). Almost half of theemployed people died before reaching their fifty. As a result, in between 1858 and1859 the scenario of the death dismissed all the previous records not only in Londonbut all through the world. The invention of Bacteriology added a new era in the fieldof public health. It is the first time when people came to know that any disease has a4
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