Goals and Theories of Human Resource Management | Assignment

Added on -2020-02-05

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HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
Table of contents
Introduction:....................................................................................................................................3
Purpose and scope of human resource management:......................................................................4
Goals of Human Resource Policies:................................................................................................4
Theories of Human Resource Management:...................................................................................9
Activities and strategies of Human Resource Management:.........................................................12
Roles of Human Resource Management:......................................................................................15
Advantages and disadvantages of Hard and Soft HRM:...............................................................17
Internal and External Recruitment Processes:...............................................................................19
Conclusion:....................................................................................................................................20
Reference list:................................................................................................................................21
Introduction:
Human resource management (HRM) is the process of managing of human resources that deals
with people. It is the process that helps to develop employee performance in terms of their
strategic objectives. Human Resource Management (HRM) is mainly concerned with the people
focusing on different policies, strategies and systems within an organization. This current
assignment focuses on the purpose and scope of the human Resource Management programme.
The present assignment reflects the goals and theories of Human Resource Management. The
current assignment also focuses on the activities and strategies of HRM. The assignment also
throws light towards the roles of HRM managers for the development of the management. The
present assignment also deals with the advantages and disadvantages of the Hard and Soft
Human Resource Management and its internal; and external recruitment processes. The current
assignment also focuses on the factors that affect HRM in making decisions and also includes
employment legislations.
Task 1:
Definition of HRM by Michael Armstrong:
It is a strategic approach for managing employment relations which helps in balancing and
utilizing people’s capabilities in order to achieve competitive advantage in an organization. This
management process can be achieved by integrating employment policies, programs and
practices.
Definition of HRM by Beer and Guest:
According to Beer, HRM is a management process that involves all the management decisions
that affect the nature of relationship between the organization and its employees.
According to Guest, HRM is process that comprises of different sets of policies that are designed
to maximize organizational integration, flexibility, employee commitment and quality of work.
Definition of HRM by Legge:
According to Legge, HRM is a process that consists of policies that should be integrated with
strategic business plans in order to reinforce the culture of an organization. HRM is valuable for
the increase of competitive advantage. It is the process of management that is very effective for
the innovation process of the organization that consists of policies and that are used to promote
commitment.
Definition of HRM by Storey:
HRM is a distinctive approach for the management of the employment that is used to achieve
competitive advantage through strategic development of highly capable workforce. This process
includes cultural, structural and personnel techniques.
Purpose and scope of human resource management:
The main purpose of human resource management programme is to increase the productivity of
an organization, and also to maximize the effectiveness of the employees of that organization.
According to Akingbola (2013, p. 21), the important purpose of HRM is to develop the
organization and maintain the functions. The scope of the Human Resource Management is
widely spread within the organization. The scope of HRM includes personnel aspect like
manpower planning, selection, promotion, placement, recruitment and transfer. The scope of the
Human Resource Management also involves training process for the employees in order to meet
the goals and develop the organization successfully. As specified by Alfes et al. (2013, p. 30),
scope of HRM also focuses on the welfare aspect that deals with working conditions of the
employees like medical facilities, transport facilities and health related facilities. In addition it
also includes the safety and security of the employees. The last aspect that is industrial relation
aspect, this includes union management relationship, disciplinary procedures, collective
bargaining and settlement (Boella and Goss-Turner 2013, p. 67).
Task 2:
Goals of Human Resource Policies:
There are many goals of Human Resource Management and that are as follows-
Strategic integration:
This strategy focuses on the ability of the organization in order to integrate Human resource
management facilities and issues into the plans of the organization. It ensures various aspects of
Human Resource Management and also provides managers in order to incorporate the correct
decision (Budhwar and Debrah 2013, p. 56).
Fig 1: Trends of Learning and Development
(Source: Learner)
High commitment:
This process involves the behavioural commitment that are used to pursue goals and attitudinal
commitment which are strongly reflected with the identification of the enterprise (Dent and
Whitehead 2013, p. 65).
On-the-jobtraining,in-housedevelopmentprogrammesandcoachingbylinemanagers.Theyaremorelikelythansmallerorganisationstoincludee-learningcourses.CloserintegrationofLearningandDevelopmentactivityandbusinessstrategyisanticipated.
Figure 2: Process of learning and development
(Source: Learner)
High quality:
This strategy includes all the functions and activities of the managerial aspects. This also helps in
determining the quality of goods and services that are provided, and also includes management
for the employees. According to Dries (2013, p. 72), in order to maintain high quality products it
requires high quality investments for the employees.
Flexibility:
Flexibility determines the functional flexibility of the organizations and it also focuses on the
existence of an adaptable structure of organization in order to manage innovation (Grönroos and
Voima 2013, p. 33).

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