Political Principles of Great Britain : Essay
Added on - 15 Apr 2020
Running head: GOVERNMENT IN MODERN BRITAINGovernment in Modern BritainName of the studentName of the UniversityAuthor note
1GOVERNMENT IN MODERN BRITAINGovernance refers to the process of governing that is undertaken by a government ornetwork with the help of laws and norms. It indicates the process of interaction along withthat of decision making among actors who are involved in a collective problem. It leads to thecreation along with that of reinforcement in relation to the norms prevailing in society. It isindicative of the political process that exist in the formal institutions. There are a largenumber of entities that can govern. The one that is most formal is that of the governmentwhose primary responsibility is to make binding decisions within a geo-political system bymaking laws. Governance refer to the ways rules and norms are structured and it is driven bydifferent motivations (Patten 2016).The government in Great Britain is led by that of theprime minister who is responsible for selecting the remaining ministers. This essay elaborateson the political principles of Great Britain and applies idea to elucidate on the politicalcondition of UK.The British economy was in a good position in the era of 2015. In order to complywith the Fixed Term Parliaments Act, the general election was called in 7thMay, 2015. Theconservatives assumed credit for upswing and promised to keep the taxes low. They werekeen about reducing the deficit along with that of promising an In/Out referendum that talkedabout the relationship of UK with that of the European Union (Robinson 2017).The LabourParty who were the rival wanted a higher minimum wage along with that of higher taxes onthe part of the rich. In Scotland, the Scottish National Party (SNP) attacked the programme ofausterity and opposed to that of nuclear weapons. They demanded the promise of moreautonomy in relation to Scotland that was made during the time of the independencereferendum.The Pre-election polls had predicted a hung parliament but the result was surprisingbecause a majority conservative government got elected. The Conservatives got 37% inrelation to the popular vote and won a narrow majority winning 331 of the total 650 votes.
2GOVERNMENT IN MODERN BRITAINAnother main victor was that of the Scottish national Party that won 56 of the total of 59 seatsin Scotland. Labour suffered a great defeat since the year of 1987 and took only 31% of thevotes along with 232 seats. They also lost 40 of the total of 41 seats in the area of Scotland.The vote in relation to the Liberal Democrats fell by that of 2/3 and they lost out on 49 of thetotal of 57 seats. The coalition with that of the conservatives had led to alienation of a largepart of their supporters (Pisani-Ferry et al., 2016).The new party, UK Independence Partyrallied voters against that of Europe and against that of immigration. They did well bywinning 13 % of vote count.On the 23rdof June, 2016 the majority of the voters of UK wanted to withdraw fromEuropean Union and 52% of the voters wanted to move out of the European Union. London,Northern Ireland along with that of the Scotland were the main three regions that were infavour of the Remain vote (Adler-Nissen, Galpin and Rosamond 2017). Wales along withthat of the northern region of England were strong advocators of the pro-leave policy(Dhingra et al., 2016). The British prime minister David Cameron had called for areferendum and campaigned strongly for that of the Remain vote. He had to face a lot ofopposition from that of other parties on the right who perceived the British membership in theEuropean Union as detrimental for the security of the country.Brexit led to some immediate results. After the result of the referendum, DavidCameron made a declaration that he would soon resign as the Prime Minister. According tohim, a fresh leadership was the requirement at this stage to take the country out of this criticalsituation. The Scottish voters wanted to stay within the European Union and the first ministerof Scotland Nicola Sturgeon made an announcement that the Scottish government wouldorganize another referendum based on the question of the Scottish independence (O'Rourke2016). The economic side of things revealed that value in relation to the British pounddeclined to a great extent after the result in relation to the election was made clear. Stock