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Running head:GRIEF AND BEREAVEMENT: TASKS OF MOURNING1Grief and Bereavement: Tasks of MourningAuthor:Course Name: Palliative Care PracticeInstitution:
GRIEF AND BEREAVEMENT: TASKS OF MOURNING2Grief is said to be a normal reaction to bereavement. From this statement questions like whatexactly is grief and what is bereavement may arise. Bereavement is defined to be the losing ofsomeone closely attached to you and is characterized by feelings of loneliness, emptiness,frustration, deprivation, yearning and longing[ CITATION Sab00 \l 1033 ]. Grief on the other hand isthe subjective experience of loss. It is multifaceted as it can affect us on all levels of experiencei.e. physically, emotionally, cognitively, socially and spiritually[ CITATION Sab00 \l 1033 ].Another term that is always used in association with grief and bereavement ismourning which isdefined as socially, culturally and religiously accepted expressions of grief[ CITATION Sab00 \l1033 ]. The manner in which one grieves, the duration taken in the grieving process differs fromone individual to another. This is typical situation that reflects the one shoe doesn’t fit allphilosophy. Theories like Worden’s four tasks of morning, the dual process model byStroebe &Schutt, Parkes’ four phases of mourning model seek to explain grief, bereavement and mourning.We shall focus on Worden’s four task of mourning as we seek to better explain and understandthe grieving process and factors that affect this process.Worden Four Tasks of MourningOther theorists like to view the grieving process in forms of stages and phases but not Worden.He prefers to view it as a series of tasks[ CITATION Mornd \l 1033 ]. This means that the bereavedhas to be active as adaptation cannot just happen but requires effort.According to Worden, griefis a back and forth process involving overlapping tasks that one has to work through thephysical, emotional and pain of their loss while adopting to changes that come with the loss suchas roles, responsibilities and identity[ CITATION Webnd \l 1033 ]. The grieving process is
GRIEF AND BEREAVEMENT: TASKS OF MOURNING3considered complete when the bereaved person gone through the four tasks and has accepted theloss and adjusted to the new life brought about by the loss[ CITATION Mil14 \l 1033 ].Task I: To Accept the Reality of the LossThe first task in this process is to come face to face with the reality that the person is dead. Thisis one of the hardest tasks to accomplish as it involves in lay man’s tongue accepting in yourmind and in your heart i.e. intellectual and emotional acceptance[ CITATION Wor09 \l 1033 ].There are three forms of acceptance that need to take place for the successful completion of thistask. They include;the acceptance the facts revolving the loss, the meaning attributed to the lossand the finality of the loss[ CITATION Alm04 \l 1033 ]. One needs to accept the fact that death hasoccurred, what the loss means to him/her in terms of responsibilities, roles even situation athome and in the society and that the deceased is gone and not coming back. It has been foundthat traditional rituals such as the funeral help many bereaved people move towardacceptance[ CITATION Wor09 \l 1033 ].The negative reaction that happens here is that one does not believe simply put being in denial.This is very common as death is usually first faced with shock and disbelief. Denial takes placein many forms. First it can occur in the form of denying the facts of the loss which varies indegree. It can be a minor distortion or a complete and advanced delusion[ CITATION Wor09 \l1033 ]. An example of full blown delusions was coined by GeoffreyGorer which ismummification, a grief reaction in which the bereaved retains the deceased’s possessions andbelongings and in extreme cases his/her corpse in an unchanging condition ready for use whenthe deceased returns[ CITATION Leu13 \l 1033 ]. This is very common for parents who a child asthey usually retain the child’s room without moving a thing or reorganizing.