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Table of ContentsTask 1.........................................................................................................................................................1Task 2.........................................................................................................................................................4Task 3.........................................................................................................................................................7Task 4.........................................................................................................................................................8Task 5.......................................................................................................................................................11References................................................................................................................................................13
Health and CareTask 1The risk assessment is required because of the underlying risks:1.The work activity presents a large number of psychosocial and physical risk factors. Themost commonly cited risk factors were to deal with difficult patients, customers, andpupils, etc. which was present in more than two-third of workplaces. Although this riskhas been identified as the psychosocial risk, it can also consider as physical risksaccording to the violent and threats for the workers.2.The second most prevalent risk factors present in the workplaces are lifting or loads ormoving people. In case the risk is not controlled it ultimately leads to the cases of manualhandling accidents along with longer-term musculoskeletal disorders. This case has beenobserved in around 60 percent of the workplaces.3.The other physical risk factors which are seen to be observed in the workplacecontributing to the longer-term musculoskeletal disorders also includes slips, trips andfalls, repetitive arm movements and even includes working in painful positions. Theserisks have been reported in most of the workplaces.This ill health and the injuries incidents impose human costs including the quality of life ofan individual, loss of life or fatal injuries and financial cost which includes lost production.Therefore, the total economic workplace cost for the ill health and injuries include valuationof human costs along with financial costs incurred. Most of the deaths are taking place due towork-related cancer and lung diseases due to past exposure or exposure to dust andchemicals. The diseases taking place develop with time and ultimately leads to deaths due tothe past workplace conditions. The ways to reduce the possibilities of exposure to the riskinclude (Australia, S. W., 2011)1
Health and Care1.Elimination which includes substitution: In order to remove the hazard from theworkplace, or to substitute the hazardous machines or materials with the machines orequipment which are less hazardous. This is a step to control the risk in most effectivemanner. This is the most preferred method for controlling the hazard and must be usedwithin the organization whenever possible.2.Engineering Controls:This section includes the modifications or designs forequipment, plants or even the ventilation systems and the processes which can help toreduce the exposure source. The engineering controls are one of the reliable methods forcontrolling the worker exposures in the case when the controls are designed andmaintained and used very effectively. The most basic engineering controls areProcess controlVentilationEnclosure and/or isolation of emission source.3.Administrative Controls:These controls are the one who can alter the workmethodology which also includes policies, work timing and other rules and the workrelated practice like operating procedures and standards which include housekeeping,training, maintenance of equipment and personal hygiene practices.4.Personal Protective Equipment:These equipment are worn by the workers which canlead to the reduction in the exposure to chemicals and even the exposure to heat andnoise.All these methods are termed as the"hierarchy of control" due to their orderly consideration soas to eliminate all the risk and hazards.2
Health and CareThe data above highlights the number of workers being exposed to high risk due to heat, overtime and tiredness (Harrington, J. M., 2001).Whereas the people working in the vehicle spraypainters and the bakers are the ones with highest rates of asthma.3
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