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Running Head: HEALTH AND HEALING IN PREHISTORIC TIMESAssignmentHealth and Healing in Prehistoric TimesStudent Name: Student ID: Course Name: Course ID:Faculty Name: University Name:
HEALTH AND HEALING IN PREHISTORIC TIMES1ProposalThe paper is on health and healing in prehistoric times. The genetic study of Neanderthal has revealed that there are various risks to the life and the addictions such as tobacco is impactingthe Neanderthal cousins. The study is focused towards understanding the various aspects of health and healing in prehistoric times. The next section is annotated bibliography of few literatures and then actual study.Annotated Bibliography1. Agustí, J., & Rubio-Campillo, X. (2016). Were Neanderthals responsible for their own extinction?. Quaternary International.This paper discusses the thousands of years of evolutionary success of Neanderthals and other aspects which have been included in the study.2. Bradshaw, C. J. A., Cooper, A., Turney, C. S. M., & Brook, B. W. (2012). Robust estimates of extinction time in the geological record. Quaternary Science Reviews, 33, 14-19.This paper discusses the rate of extinction of various species and including the one that is being discussed. The paper suggests that the extinction rate has increased. The impact of improper healing can be one of the reasons.3.Gilpin, W., Feldman, M. W., & Aoki, K. (2016). An ecocultural model predicts Neanderthal extinction through competition with modern humans.Proceedings of the NationalAcademy of Sciences, 113(8), 2134-2139.The discussion in this paper relates to the replacement of Neanderthals by modern humans. The reasons have been cited such as health and healing aspects and others.
HEALTH AND HEALING IN PREHISTORIC TIMES2Health and Healing in Prehistoric TimesNeanderthals became extinct 20000-30000 years back. They are the species of archaic human. These species were spread across Europe, Asia and Middle East. Neanderthals had a caring feeling and strong social bond among each other towards each other. Neanderthal was genetically different from Homo sapiens (Present day modern human). They had different phenotype from the modern day human (Henry et al, 2014). From the skeletons found it has been seen that they looked stocky, barrel-chested and brutish. The Neanderthals health has been a topic to study. Some of their genetics has been passed on to us. Neanderthals originated in Africa. From there they spread to rest of the globe. They eventually had kids with the Homo sapiens. Hence our genetic has some part of Neanderthal genes. From this there, health can be studied. For example- Neanderthal gene shows a better version of blood clotting genes. This was helpful to them in healing (Sankararaman et al, 2014). This helped them in gaining quick recovery after wound and cuts which were very common in their times.They had better chances of survival. Neanderthals are our closest relatives. Once they must have cross breed with a human. Through genetic study on modern humans, it has been found out that Neanderthal had DNA which caused skin cells to grow. This is known as keratinocytes. These usually protect them from sun and ultraviolet rays. From their genetic study it has been found that Neanderthal DNA has increased the risk of various life threatening factors like stroke, miscarriage etc. Neanderthal genes were also susceptible to depression (Callaway, 2014). Also, our tendency towards tobacco addiction is also taken from our Neanderthal cousins. We have found 12 traits in Neanderthals including the tendency of immune issues, heart attack and other blood disorder which is present in modern day human (Ko, 2016).

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