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Running Head: HEALTH AND HEALING IN PREHISTORIC TIMESAssignmentHealth and Healing in Prehistoric TimesStudent Name:Student ID:Course Name:Course ID:Faculty Name:University Name:
HEALTH AND HEALING IN PREHISTORIC TIMES1ProposalThe paper is on health and healing in prehistoric times. The genetic study of Neanderthal hasrevealed that there are various risks to the life and the addictions such as tobacco is impactingthe Neanderthal cousins. The study is focused towards understanding the various aspects ofhealth and healing in prehistoric times. The next section is annotated bibliography of fewliteratures and then actual study.Annotated Bibliography1. Agustí, J., & Rubio-Campillo, X. (2016). Were Neanderthals responsible for their ownextinction?.Quaternary International.This paper discusses the thousands of years of evolutionary success of Neanderthals andother aspects which have been included in the study.2. Bradshaw, C. J. A., Cooper, A., Turney, C. S. M., & Brook, B. W. (2012). Robustestimates of extinction time in the geological record. Quaternary Science Reviews, 33, 14-19.This paper discusses the rate of extinction of various species and including the one that isbeing discussed. The paper suggests that the extinction rate has increased. The impact ofimproper healing can be one of the reasons.3.Gilpin, W., Feldman, M. W., & Aoki, K. (2016). An ecocultural model predictsNeanderthal extinction through competition with modern humans.Proceedings of the NationalAcademy of Sciences, 113(8), 2134-2139.The discussion in this paper relates to the replacement of Neanderthals by modern humans.The reasons have been cited such as health and healing aspects and others.
HEALTH AND HEALING IN PREHISTORIC TIMES2Health and Healing in Prehistoric TimesNeanderthals became extinct 20000-30000 years back. They are the species of archaichuman. These species were spread across Europe, Asia and Middle East. Neanderthals had acaring feeling and strong social bond among each other towards each other. Neanderthal wasgenetically different from Homo sapiens (Present day modern human). They had differentphenotype from the modern day human (Henry et al, 2014). From the skeletons found it hasbeen seen that they looked stocky, barrel-chested and brutish. The Neanderthals health hasbeen a topic to study. Some of their genetics has been passed on to us. Neanderthalsoriginated in Africa. From there they spread to rest of the globe. They eventually had kidswith the Homo sapiens. Hence our genetic has some part of Neanderthal genes. From thisthere, health can be studied. For example- Neanderthal gene shows a better version of bloodclotting genes. This was helpful to them in healing (Sankararaman et al, 2014). This helpedthem in gaining quick recovery after wound and cuts which were very common in their times.They had better chances of survival.Neanderthals are our closest relatives. Once they must have cross breed with a human.Through genetic study on modern humans, it has been found out that Neanderthal had DNAwhich caused skin cells to grow. This is known as keratinocytes. These usually protect themfrom sun and ultraviolet rays. From their genetic study it has been found that NeanderthalDNA has increased the risk of various life threatening factors like stroke, miscarriage etc.Neanderthal genes were also susceptible to depression (Callaway, 2014). Also, our tendencytowards tobacco addiction is also taken from our Neanderthal cousins. We have found 12traits in Neanderthals including the tendency of immune issues, heart attack and other blooddisorder which is present in modern day human (Ko, 2016).