Health and Social Care Assignment: Hazards

Added on - 28 May 2020

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All Unit3 Fatuma AhmedP1 – Explain potential hazards and the harm that arise from each in a health andsocial care setting.Hazards can be anything that can cause harm to someone.As per definition, hazard canbe identified as any variable or activity that has the potential origin of harm or adverseeffect to the health and wellbeing of an individual a group of people.Hazards can be found everywhere, such as in care homes, residential home, home care,day care centre , hospitals working place s where houses, cleaning workplace, shoppingcentres and even in your own home. For example, the things can cause,1: Hazard from Electric wirewww.foodsafety.govaccessed at accessed at 27.04.2017Electric wiring and electricity hazards can be considered by far the most possible andfrequently reported source of hazards and causes the maximum harm to the individuals.The most of the threat to the health and safety of the people working in an organization isthe most with the misplaced and unprotected wiring in the office environment. It is crucialfor the office environments to avoid any electric wire overloading and short circuits as thesetwp hazards are by far the most important factors facilitating the most of the hazards. Alongwith that electrical outlets left uncovered is also another great source of the safety hazardshence it is crucial for all the unused electrical outlets to be covered.Don’t leave cords dangling anywhere where they can be pulled down and tripped over
because might they are in wheelchair user or in their house and need working arounddo pit and pieces before their next care arrived .perhaps some service user has care 2times day, one in the morning one in the evening but in between they help themselves.So anyway pulling down or tripping over an electric wire could cause the poor serviceuser falling down get bruises or injury.2: Hazard from EquipmentIf you are care or nurse and working with elderly or patient then it’s likely that youspend a significant amount of your time moving and handling residents, patients, andservice users. Whether you’re using specialist equipment, such as hoists and EPBs, orsimply assisting a person to move into and out of a wheelchair, it’s essential that youunderstand how to carry out the task safely and correctly. Always keep your serviceusers’ comfort and safety otherwise you can cause in dangerous such as the service usercould fall and injury, bruising and you, care will be in prison.3: Hazard form GlassIn the present age, glass is considered to be one of the most hazardous object which canpotentially cause a large number of injuries. In case of a health care organization thethreat is even more elevated and any sharp object injury in a health care settingincreases the risk of blood-borne infectious conditions. There is need for personalprotective equipments for the safety of the workers such as cut- resistant gloves andfootwear as a protection against cuts and injuries (Fares et al. 2014)4: Hazard form ChemicalsThe health care environment can be considered a ripe place for all the hazards andadverse health events and the hazards caused by the reaction of exposure to a chemicalsubstance is definitely one of the most plausible one. There are a vast variety ofchemical substances that are used in the health care setting and every single one ofthem demands a specific safety storage and control. Any mishandling or unwarrantedand unprotected exposure to the chemicals can cause significant hazard to the differentindividuals. The severity of the impact of the chemical hazard will depend on the type ofchemical and the site of exposure. For instance, in case of a eye contact severe reactionand even loss of sight is a possibility and in certain cases, the person exposed to thechemical hazard can even die (Chudasama et al. 2017).5: Hazard form infectionThe hazard of infection is the service user or the care could get bacteria or viruses. Forexample if the care or even other health care such as doctor or nurse did not wash theirhands well,can get infected very easily. Along with that, the exposed health care staffcan even carry the pathogen in clothing or hands, which can then eventually be passedon to their patients. The entire course of activities can gradually contaminate the entirehealth care environment of the facility and increase the possibility of rapid spread of
infections among both the patients and the care staff. In my placement experience as adouble up service or care provider,I had been responsible for providing care while theco-worker of mine was working without any protective equipment. When I hadenquired her about the lack of gloves she simply mentioned that she had run out ofgloves and had decided to carry one with the caring procedure. However, in order tosafeguard the health and safety of the patient, I requested for another care worker toaccompany me and ensured that optimal infection control and safety protocol wasemployed during the care process o my patient. I had been ecstatic for the reward ireceived as the carer of the year for my intervention and i ensured that I myself willalways adhere to safeguarding protocols (Chartier 2014).6: Hazard form toxicToxic can cause injury or death when inhaled, swallowed, or eaten.There are a varietyof different toxic substances that are present on the health care environments and eachone of the toxins can cause both long term and short term conditions like skin irritation,epidermal injury, eye injury, infection and even death depending on the type andseverity of the exposure.For example in my experience when I used to do home care job.One day I went to my second call in lunchtime whichI already have been in the morning this service user Mrs. W.I gave to her all her personal care morning, such as helped undress/ dressing shower,breakfast with her chose, medication left her comfortable. So even I remember I alwaystreat the service user like how I would to myself. I mean like rinsing the plats or kettlesbefore use them so I washed rinsed the kettle well before I use it in the morning but atlunchtime, the service user asked me to make another cup of tea and I didn’t wash thekettle I just threw the water into sink and poured cleaning water into it.The service user had privet cleaner once a week and the cleaner lady cleaned the kettlewith a chemical which is called kettle cleaner and she left it to boiling with thechemical which I didn’t know that she did. When I arrived the service user’s house thecleaner lady was cleaning the bathroom and Mrs w told me that her cleaner lady isaround and she is cleaning the bathroom. Ok, then I made the tea and serviced Mrs. W.The lady heard that I and Mrs. W are talking and she came to see us, she saw that Mrs. Whas a cup of tea and she picked up the tea said oh God!! Has she drunk yet? Me and Mrsw said no why at the same time? She said I put and left a chemical in the kettle, I didn’tthink you will come in. I said to her you shouldn’t leave the kettle in till you finishedcleaning it completely or leave a note to worn to other people because you knew shegot care three-time day and this time is her lunchtime any minute the care could comeinto the house. She also got friend and family might come to visit her and make tea like Ijust did for Mrs. W or themselves. You!! Could cause a death. What about if she woulddrink now before you came to us. I said to her I am going to report that and I did it.
7: Hazardous working practicesAfter all training still the new care got to shadowing how to follow the procedurescorrectly such as manual handling hoisting, assisting to getting up or setting down theservice user safely. Otherwise, they could put themselves at unnecessary risk and manycare workers are still suffering injuries or back pain related to moving service user theycare for in.Wet floors are also a considerable reason behind the workplace hazards and can causesevere injuries and threats to the health and safety of the patients by tripping andfalling. In case of my own personal placement experience i have noticed patients pillingwater during breakfast and lunch, and then cause accidental falls which has severeconsequences for the patients. Hence its a considerable health hazard and has to betaken seriously.8: hazardous waste CorrosiveCan burn the skin on contact and eat away the surface of other materials so then careworker must take particular care when disposing off the hazardous waste includingincontinence pads, and soiled dressing.It has to be mentioned that these corrosivewaste products should all be disposed off in a yellow clinical waste bag and theseobjects should never be handled without protective equipments like gloves and masks.9: Hazard from medicationIt has to be mentioned that the medication errors are also a significant danger tothe patients and can cause further deterioration and illness of the patient and can evenlead to death. The most frequent medication error hazards are overdose, giving wrongmedication, missing dosages, anaesthetic error, and giving the patient medicationwithout checking the allergies. Along with that, another incidence where the patientscan be subjected to medication error in case a care provider is providing care to morethan one members of a family in a residential setting. In such cases, there carer has to bevery careful that the medicine are not switched between both patients. Such mishap canbe very hazardous to the health and wellbeing of the patients and can cost the healthcare provider to make that error as well (Chakravarthy et al. 2015).P2: outline how legislation, policies, and procedures relating to health, safety andSecurity influence health and social care settings.M1: describe how health and safety legislation, policies and procedures promotethe safety of individuals in a hospital setting.
In this task, I will be outlining three different legislation, one policy and one procedurerelating to health, safety, and security influenced in the hospital setting. Afterword, I willbe describing on how those promotes the individuals in the hospital setting.The legislation is defined as laws that consider collectively.The policy is a course or principle of action adopted or proposed by an organisation orindividual.The procedure is instructions on how the duties are carried.Data protection 1998 is legislation that influences the health, safety, and security in ahospital. This act becomes law in the UK on the 1st March 2000. This act discusses howimportant it is to keep data. Data protection is when personal information is held onpaper or in electronic format. The aim of this act is to keep personal information keptsafe and obtained for lawful reasons. Keeping the data secure and safe is importantbecause it means that the information is protected against any unauthorised access.This is essential in the hospital setting because safeguards the patient in terms ofprotecting their home address or disorder they been diagnosed from beingunauthorised accessed. This act promotes safeguarding for the patient as it protects thepatient’s house address is kept safe and locked from authorities s access because thepatient could experience possible robbery which could lead to harm to the individual.RIDDOR 1995 stands for reporting of injuries, disease and dangerous regulation. Thisact becomes law in the on the 1st October 2013. This law was set out to report anyincident within the hospital setting to health and safety executive or local council.Incidents such as; a potential dangerous occurrence that may not lead to injury ordisease, any incidents that can lead to the health professions being absent more thanthree days and death or major injuries. The role of the employer is to carry riskassessment in order to identify any that could expose any harms their employee Therole of the employee is to report any incident such as slippery floor to the employer toput sign up to warn people and prevent injuries in within the hospital setting. Thecorrect procedure to this law is that the hospital organisation to report the WHY,WHERE, and HOW the risk occurred. If this procedure is not followed them correctly, itwas difficult to prevent further incidents. This promotes the safety of the patient in thehospital as it prevents any injuries or harms towards them while they are in the hospitalgetting treatment.COSHH 2002 stands for control of substances hazardous to healthregulation. This act was first introduced in 1988 and was updated in 2002. This act ismore to the employer then the employee. This law requires the employer to assess,prevent and provide instruction and training about the risk. The role of the employer isto control substances hazardous such as; chemicals, products containing chemicals,germs that could cause diseases such as leptospirosis and biological agents (germ) thatneeds hazard symbols. This law requires the employers to prevent or reduce employeesexposing any hazardous substance. This includes; providing control measures to reduce
harm to health, planning emergencies, providing information and training for theiremployees and providing monitoring and health surveillance in appropriate cases.This is major in hospital setting because it is all type chemicals are exposed. The role ofthe employee is to report immediately when they see and recognise any substances thatposing threat to the both staff and the patient, this could include cleaning the chemicalafter they used. One of the procedures for this act is that s \not followed correctly it willpose harm to children because children can have access to it and use it. The bins arecolour code.Yellow bins for body liquids such as urine and bloodRed bin: plastic waste such as bottles, injection, and catheterBlue bin: For hazardous waste such as broken glass and outdated medicines.The way this act promotes safeguarding to the individual is that the employer iscontrolling any substance hazardous that appose threat to the well-being of theindividual.Fire evacuation is very important in any work placement. The people that areresponsible for fire safety are the employers such as building managers, facilitiesmanager, managing agent or risk assessor. Those are called the ‘responsible person’.The ‘responsible person’ must make sure there enough fire extinguishers and firealarming the building. The responsibilities are; Carrying out risk assessments and reviewed regularlyNotifying the staff members their representative about risks that wereidentified.Plan for an emergencyProvide information and trainingPractice the firedrill and provide sign for visitors to followThis policy is very important in hospital setting because it safeguards the people withinthe hospital when a fire occurs. The health safeguarding to this law is preventing burnor death to the person or even getting trapped in a fire. The hospital setting shouldeducate their staff about the different types of fire extinguishers. This includes;• Water fire extinguishers are used for fire that caused by sold objects such as paper,wood, and plastic. Used for fire where electricity is used. The colour for thisextinguisher is red.• Foam fire extinguishers are used for fires that involve flammable liquids such aspetrol, oil, paraffin, etc. This extinguisher is not recommended to use for fire involvedelectricity but ‘are safer than water if inadvertently sprayed onto live electricalapparatus'. The colour for this extinguisher is cream
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