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Health and social care1SOCIOLOGICAL CONTEXT OF HEALTH AND SOCIAL CAREbyCourseTutorUniversityCity and StateDate
Health and social care2Task 1According to sociology, society refers to a group of people living together, mainly classified byclans and families in a considerably ordered manner. In a society, there is a significant way oflife that is a characteristic of beliefs, customs, norms, ethics and other influences of individualand group behavior.Wellman, 2018 explains acontemporary society as one that is considered tofulfil three qualities. These qualities include; increasing interaction among the members,transformation of the way of life and the speed and extent of these transformations. This paperdigs dip into the contemporary nature of society in a bid to political social and economicconstructs, current trends, influence of cultural values and the impacts of societal change.According toLewis, 2015 the political, social and economic components of society include thefactors that categories the way of life of a certain group of people as being different to another.Just to begin with the political, Aristotle, a famous multi-disciplinary scholar argues that man isboth a social and political animal. Aristotle continues to explain that since man is both a socialand a political animal, a politically organized society is not only possible but it is also a necessity(Karlson, 2017). Therefore, contemporary societies have evolved governments that help todefend the fundamental rights of the members in the society. The form of government is bestsuited according to the cultures that have developed in the society over time.The economic aspect of society depends on what the society does to make a living. Theeconomic preoccupation depends on the ecological conditions, the available resources and howthese resources have been organized and harnessed to suite various needs of the society. Forinstance, presence of natural forests with grasslands encourages hunting as an economic activity.High and reliable rainfall on gently sloping land encourages farming activities among themembers in the society and presence of large water bodies encourages fishing activities.
Health and social care3However, in the highly civilized world. There is complete differentiation of economic activities.More economic activities continue to evolve depending on the market niches and the mode ofproduction in the society. This is an idea that has been built upon by Herbert spencer in his workof structural functionalism where society is viewed as a whole and individuals are seen asmembers of the whole. The people therefore occupy several niches in the society.According toBlaikie, Cannon, Davis, and Wisner, 2014, the social aspects of society relates onthe belief system of the people that form the culture. This includes the religion, social institutionssuch as marriage institutions, family, gender roles, social functions such as weddings and burialsamong other social aspects. The social aspects of a society also depend on the civilization,literacy levels and also the political and economic factors of the society. The theory of structuralfunctionalism may also be relevant in examining these social functions of a society.Societies have continually evolved over time. This has been due to the several changes that havebeen realized by the technological pace, literacy, civilization and other aspects that has seen thecontinuous transformation of society over time. Social Darwinism has been used as a tool ofexplaining the several changes that have taken place in the society over time. Social Darwinismarises from the theory of Charles Darwin, titled the origin of species by means of naturalselection. Charles Darwin developed a theory where he viewed all organisms as developing fromsimple inorganic forms to complex and differentiated organisms.Social Darwinism was developed along the lines of Darwin’s theory to describe how the societyhas developed from simple human interaction to complex societies. The main trends in societalchanges include advances from literacy and increase in learning and research. A classic exampleis the renaissance that marked the end of the medieval ages. This saw a shift where humansceased to depend on religion for answers of nature to research and learning. This helped to mark
Health and social care4the end of a Dark Ages where there was almost no discovery but people relied on religion andgovernance(Marmot, and Allen, 2014).According toKaufman, 2017 politics is another trend that has really marked societal change.The world’s political landscape that has shifted from the ancient slavery, through colonialism,neo colonialism, imperialism and finally the free liberal world. Social changes have occurredalong all these lines and finally, globalization has also formed the basis for trends in societalchanges as the world contracts in space through inventions and innovations.According to Green, and Thorogood, 2018 cultural values and beliefs in the society have beenresponsible in shaping several factors in the society. One of the area where cultural beliefs havegreatly impacted the society is politics. The best method of government that a society adapts isgreatly determined by the cultural beliefs. A good example is the evolution of modern liberaldemocracy in the United States and the continued use of the monarchy in Britain. This can beexplained using the cultural backgrounds.Cultural values and beliefs have also impacted in other various components of the society suchas system of education, health, economic activities, mode of production and many other socialinstitutions. In the past century, the modes of production in the countries have been shaped bythe cultural beliefs and values. Cultural values have also influenced the path of technologicalinnovation and inventions where it has been explained that necessity is the mother of allinvention. In reference to this proposition, many items have either been invented or innovateddepending on the societal needs.There are various implications of societal change in the health and care sector. One factor thatmay be used to compare the effect of culture on the health of a society is life expectancy. Life