Health Inequalities & Obesity - PDF

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HEALTH INEQUALITIES
TABLE OF CONTENTSINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................1QUESTIONS...................................................................................................................................11. Public health (PH) issue...........................................................................................................12. Define public health issue from WHO....................................................................................13. Official definition of obesity from public health England (PHE) or NHS..............................24. Definition of obesity from an NGO perspective......................................................................25. Primary intervention available for Obesity..............................................................................36. Secondary intervention available for Obesity..........................................................................47. Tertiary intervention available for Obesity..............................................................................58. Primordial intervention for obesity..........................................................................................69. Public health intervention strategy available for obesity at an individual and communitylevel..............................................................................................................................................710. Role of health care professionals in preventing and controlling over obesity cases.............7CONCLUSION................................................................................................................................8REFERENCES................................................................................................................................9
INTRODUCTIONHealth inequalities can be defined as avoidable differences between various social group andpopulation. There are many causes of increasing health inequalities such as income, wealth,power etc (Daniels and Hassink, 2015). Government of nation always work to reduce suchdifferences and provide equal opportunity to each individual in order to lead healthy life. Presentstudy will describe public health issue that is Obesity in UK. Furthermore it will give definitionof PH issue from WHO and public health England view point. Report will explain primaryintervention that is available for such PH issue. In addition, it will illustrate Tertiary interventionthat is available for this public health issue.QUESTIONS1. Public health (PH) issueUK is the developed nation but overweight and obesity has become serious public healthissue in country. There are many people those who are suffering from this health problem.Obesity increase chances of suffering from type 2 diabetes, stroke, sleepapnea, dyslipidemia etc.There are 1 out of 4 adults those who experience this health issue in United Kingdom. In the year2014 approx 28.1% adults have been diagnosed with obesity (Bray and et.al., 2015). The maincause of this illness is consuming more calories and lack of physical exercises. In modern erapeople do not have sufficient time for doing regular exercise and they take unhealthy diet thatincreases weight of person and individual endure from obesity.Statistical records show that England is the place where around two third of adults aresuffering from obesity. They are overweight and are less aware with the causes of obesity. From1993 to 2015 number of obese people has been increased from 13.2% to 26.9% in men. Whereasin women, it has reached to 16.4% to 26.8%. Reports show that in the year 2016 there were14.3% kids those aged with 10 to11 are suffering from obesity. NHS has sent around 6.1 billionfor minimising obesity cases in the UK. In the year 2016 around 617 obese people have admittedNHS hospital; this number has been increased by 18% in next year (Bray and et.al.., 2015).Global statistics: In the year 2016 around 1.9 billion adults age of 18 year have been diagnosedwith obesity. Around 13% of world’s population is suffering from this illness.Local and national statistics: In the year2014 Health survey for England has conducted surveyin England and it is identified that 17% children were obese and around 14% people are1
overweight. Local records show that 62% adults are suffering from this disease in England. 2/3in men and 10 women are overweight and obese in England.(Figure1overweight and obesity statistics,2018)2. Define public health issue from WHOWorld health organisation (WHO) has defined obesity as excessive fat accumulation thatincreases health risk in individual. Body mass index (BMI) measure weight and height of personin order to identify weather the person is obese or not. If BMI is more than 30 that meansindividual is suffering from obesity (Redsell and et.al., 2016). If it is equal to 25 that meansindividual is overweight. In the year 2016 there were 1.9 billion adults diagnosed with obesity.It is found that 41 million kids those who are below 5 year are obese. WHO defines obesity asfollow:If BMI is greater or equal to 25 that means individual is overweight.If BMI is greater or equal to 30 that means person is suffering from obesity.3. Official definition of obesity from public health England (PHE) or NHSIn the year 2015 approx 63% adults have been diagnosed with obesity in UK those whowere having BMI over 25 (Todoric, Antonucci and Karin, 2016). From 1993 to 2015 number ofobesity cases have been increased, now there are 26.9% mean and 26.8% women those who aresuffering from this illness. Public health England is the agency that continuously works toimprove wellbeing of population and minimise health inequalities. PHE has defined obesity as2
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