Health Information and Health Informatics

Added on - Jan 2020

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Health InformationandHealth Informatics
Table of ContentsINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................1TASK- PART A..............................................................................................................................1A.1 Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) and its associated ICD-10 codes........................................1A.2 How the condition is diagnosed..........................................................................................2A.3 Description of its pathology, symptoms and complications...............................................3A.4 Description of prevalence of alcohol misuse in the England..............................................4A.5 Compare disease frequency /occurrence in England to that in other countries (developingand developed)...........................................................................................................................5A.6 Present data from England (e.g. hospital admissions, primary care activity, and generalpopulation data) and consider their reliability............................................................................5A.7 Compare frequencies/occurrence in different regions of England.......................................6A.8 Describe how frequency/occurrence varies with age, sex, and ethnic and socio-economicgroups..........................................................................................................................................8A.9 Describe long term and more recent trends.........................................................................9TASK- PART B............................................................................................................................10Summary........................................................................................................................................11REFERENCES..............................................................................................................................12
Illustration IndexIllustration 1: Addressing liver disease in England.........................................................................4Illustration 2: Alcohol related liver disease....................................................................................7Illustration 3: Alcohol related deaths by age groups in England and Wales, 2012.........................8Illustration 4: Alcohol related NHS hospital admission in England 2013/14..................................9Illustration 5: Alcohol related deaths in England by gender.........................................................10
INTRODUCTIONIn Health and Social Care (HSC), the term 'health information' refers to demographic dataregarding service users. In this, data is related to patient's medical history, clinical information,test results, symptoms; diagnose procedures, notes and outcomes. In addition, health informaticsis type of interdisciplinary study that relates to design, development, adoption, application andmanagement of Information Technology (IT) based innovations in services of healthcare. Thepresent research report helps in understanding the concept of health information and informatics.For this research, alcoholic liver disease in the England has been considered. It explores thepathology, symptoms and complications in alcoholic liver disease. It also defines the digitalinterventions for reducing harmful alcohol consumption.TASK- PART AA.1 Alcoholic liver disease (ALD) and its associated ICD-10 codesThe over consumption and misuse of alcohol causes the damage in liver.Variousresearches on this subject explores that this disease mainly occurs after many years of heavydrinking. In this context, liver disease which is related to consumption of alcohol fits in to threetypes of categories such as fatty liver, cirrhosis and alcoholic hepatitis. This is defined below(Table 1) as:Table 1. Various forms of Alcoholic liver diseaseParameterFatty liverCirrhosisAlcoholic HepatitisFor alcoholic cause,histologic specificityNoNoNoPrognosisExcellentGuardedVariableReversible chancesYesUsually NoUncertainThe alcohol consumption causes the inflammation in liver. The research of medicalscience defines that cirrhosis is a final stage of ALD. In this, it is evaluated that as individualdrink heavily then, this progresses from one stage to another such as fatty liver to alcoholichepatitis and next to cirrhosis. In this, International classification of diseases 10thversion is aprocedure to classify and code all types of diseases and it is used by health care providers and1
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