Limited-time discount for students! | Solutions starting at $6 each

Health And Health Care For Older Adults PDF

Added on - 07 Oct 2021

  • 14

    Pages

  • 3615

    Words

  • 20

    Views

  • 0

    Downloads

Trusted by +2 million users,
1000+ happy students everyday
Showing pages 1 to 4 of 14 pages
Running head: HEALTH OF THE OLDER ADULT
Health of the Older Adult
Name of the Student
Name of the University
Author Note
HEALTH OF THE OLDER ADULT1
Contents
Introduction:...............................................................................................................................2
Discussion:.................................................................................................................................2
1.Review of New Zealand’s data and statistics on life expectancy from InterRAI on
older adults:............................................................................................................................3
1.1 Analysis and comparison of life expectancy, morbidity, mortality and social
determinants of health in New Zealand and another country with a higher life
expectancy rate...................................................................................................................3
1.2 Three recommendations based on academic literature and similar successful
initiatives in other countries that can increase the life expectancy of older people in New
Zealand...............................................................................................................................5
2.Age friendly communities:..............................................................................................7
2.1 Comparing and contrasting the concept of ‘age friendliness’......................................7
2.2 Rationale for age friendly environments......................................................................8
Conclusion:................................................................................................................................9
References:...............................................................................................................................10
HEALTH OF THE OLDER ADULT2
Introduction:
Aging is a natural and continuous phenomenon that is caused due to the gradual
growth of the body from infancy, childhood, adolescence to adulthood. The continual aging
process also results in natural wear and tear of tissues and also a gradual decrease the ability
of the body to heal itself. Such processes starts to become apparent after an individual crosses
60 years of age, characterized by the onset of different degenerative conditions. If not treated,
the conditions can become chronic and can be a source of morbidity and mortality (Salthouse,
2016). Aged care is a branch of healthcare service that focuses on the providence of medical
care and treatment for aged people, who are at a higher risk of age related diseases and
disabilities, helping them to lead a healthier life, cope up with their chronic condition and
help them and their families to take care of themselves. Advancements in medicine, medical
care and technologies have significantly helped people to live longer and more and more
individuals are able to live up to an old age which have led to an increased need for aged care
services around the world (Hugo et al., 2016; Alexander et al., 2016). The Aged Care policies
are governmental guidelines for the organizations providing care for the elderly, providing
them with a framework for action which can be followed to ensure effective care for older
adults (Salthouse, 2016).
The purpose of this study is to examine the efficiency Aged Care policies of New
Zealand through a comparison of life expectancy, morbidity and mortality rates of Japan
(which has a higher life expectancy compared to New Zealand) and develop
recommendations that can help to improve the life expectancy in New Zealand and develop
‘age friendly’ environments and communities that can nurture the health and wellbeing of the
elderly.
Discussion:
HEALTH OF THE OLDER ADULT3
1.Review of New Zealand’s data and statistics on life expectancy from InterRAI on
older adults:
1.1 Analysis and comparison of life expectancy, morbidity, mortality and social
determinants of health in New Zealand and another country with a higher life expectancy
rate.
New Zealand:
According to New Zealand Government and World Bank statistics the average life
expectancy in New Zealand was estimated to be 81.61 years as of 2016, showing an increase
in life expectancy since 1970 at 71.27 years (Stats.govt.nz, 2018; data.worldbank.org, 2018).
Government statistics also shows that the mortality rates in New Zealand have also
increased over the previous few decades due to a growth in the number of aged population
but partially offset by a longer life expectancy. As of 2016, the number of deaths was
estimated to be at 31,179 (per 100,000 individuals) and is projected to increase to 50,000 by
2044. However, due to an increase in overall life expectancy, the deaths are mainly
concentrated for older age groups with an age standardized death rate of 3.44 as of 2016
(archive.stats.govt.nz, 2018).
The major causes of mortality include ischemic lung cancer, diabetes, heart disease,
suicide, cerebrovascular disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, breast cancer and
colorectal cancer (health.govt.nz, 2018).
Data from the National Advisory Committee on Health and Disability additionally
shows that the main determinants of health that affects health and wellbeing of the people of
New Zealand includes pay and poverty, occupation and employment, housing, education,
philosophy and ethnicity, social support and population based facilities and amenities. Each
desklib-logo
You’re reading a preview
Preview Documents

To View Complete Document

Click the button to download
Subscribe to our plans

Download This Document