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Running head: HEALTH PROMOTIONHealth PromotionName of the Student:Name of the University:Author Note:
HEALTH PROMOTION1ContentsIntroduction................................................................................................................................2Discussion..................................................................................................................................2Concepts, theories and models related to health promotion and lifestyle behaviour change2Behavioural Change theory: The Health Belief Model..........................................................2The Intervention Based Model...............................................................................................3The Planning Model...............................................................................................................4Application of health promotion and behaviour change theories to lifestyle issues in socialand health care........................................................................................................................4Application of a model of behaviour change to lifestyle issue in health and social care......6Health project aimed at changing an unhealthy behaviour....................................................7Conclusion..................................................................................................................................8References..................................................................................................................................9
HEALTH PROMOTION2IntroductionHealth promotion helps the people to improve their control over one’s own health.This aspect covers a wide range of environmental and social problems and thus they areconsidered to benefit and protect the individual by addressing and helping them to adjust cureand treatment and other such related forms. There are different elements of health promotionsuch as better governance of health, healthy cities and health literacy. (Fahey and Shenassa2013). This paper will highlight the theories, models and the other lifestyle behaviour changeand the health promotion theories in health and social care setting.DiscussionConcepts, theories and models related to health promotion and lifestyle behaviourchangeBehavioural Change theory: The Health Belief ModelThis model is used by the scientists to predict and try different types of humanbehaviour. The model was developed in 1950 and it was upgraded in 1980. This model isbased on the willingness of the individual to change their health processes and this might bedue to perceived severity and perceived susceptibility. According to perceived susceptibility,the individuals might not be willing to change the health processes and the behaviours thatare considered to be at risk. On the other hand, according to perceived severity process, theremight be high probability for the individuals to change their health behaviour and thus avoidthe different types of consequences. It can be said that the Health Belief model is consideredto be realistic. This helps in the recognition of facts and thus brings change in the healthbehaviour that is not considered to be enough for that situation. Therefore, there must beincorporation of different types of elements and thus it helps the individuals to make the leap.
HEALTH PROMOTION3The concept of self-efficacy is an important model that is related to Health Belief model andthus it lays impact on the person’s ability to carry the task in a better way (Wallerstein andDuran 2010).The Health Belief Model is derived from the cognitive model and thus it has helped inthe conceptualisation of the life space and other related actions and behaviour. The illness isconsidered to have a negative valence and thus exert force on the person moving from onespecific region to another. There might be different types of preventive strategies and thismight help in removing the negative valence. Therefore, it can be said that the Health BeliefModel is considered to be an appropriate model for preventing behaviour (Taymoori,et al.2009).The Intervention Based ModelThis model provides a link between health protection, intervention as well as healtheducation. It has been found that health education is designed in such a way so that it helps inthe development of knowledge and processes and thus helps in minimizing the consequencesof diseases. The different types of disease prevention help in minimizing the risk factors andthe consequences of different types of diseases. This includes primary prevention, tertiaryprevention as well as secondary prevention. It can be said that the health protection helps infocusing on the legal and the fiscal aspects and thus conducting the different voluntary codeof practices that helps in enhancing the health as well as the wellbeing of the individual. Thedifferent types of public policies also help in addressing fair access to employment, educationas well as health care services (Webbet al. 2010).It has been found that this model can also be criticised with the reductionist and theother theories and policies and thus it is necessary to pay attention to the community basedfactors. It also helps in fostering a sustainable health care and prevents different types of
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