Health promotion Assignment (Solution)

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Health promotion
TABLE OF CONTENTSintroduction......................................................................................................................................3TASK 1............................................................................................................................................31.1................................................................................................................................................31.2................................................................................................................................................41.3.................................................................................................................................................5TASK 2............................................................................................................................................62.1................................................................................................................................................62.2................................................................................................................................................72.3................................................................................................................................................8TASK 3............................................................................................................................................83.1................................................................................................................................................83.2................................................................................................................................................93.3...............................................................................................................................................104.1..............................................................................................................................................104.2..............................................................................................................................................13CONCLUSION..........................................................................................................................13References......................................................................................................................................142
INTRODUCTIONHealth promotion covers the process which makes people capable of increasing controlover their health and improve it. Apart from focusing on individual behavior it reaches to a widerange of social as well as environmental interventions (Health promotion,2015). This concept isdeveloped upon social and cultural understanding of health and illness. Health promotion isimportant as it provides a practical approach to achieve greater equity in health. The presentreport is on health promotion in UK. It provides knowledge and understanding of issues andfactors due to which some individuals are not able to access health support. In the report, theoriesof health behavior have been discussed. An attempt has been made to understand socio-economic influences on health. The report also analyses the factors that influence healthpromotion. Lastly, a health promotion campaign has been planned.TASK 11.1There are various effects of socio- economic influences on health in London borough.The various socio- economic factors are unemployment, lifestyle choices, discrimination, accessto education, access to health care facilities (Lloyd-Jones and et.al., 2010). These influencehealth in London borough in various ways. Unemployment leads to reduced income in thefamily. It also makes the situations stressful for the family members and the person concerned.All these have negative influence on health. As people are not financially stable, they avoidspending money on availing health care services and save it for fulfilling their basic needs suchas food and shelter. This hampers their health and care and treatment could not be obtained ontime.Lifestyle choices is another economic factor that influences health of people in Londonborough. Good choices made by people support their health while unhealthy choices make themprone to diseases. For example, sedentary lifestyle and consumption of fatty foods make peopleprone to heart diseases, diabetes, blood pressure (Bartholomew and et.al., 2011). In contrast tothis, lifestyle choices including daily exercises, consumption of healthy diet, avoidance ofsmoking and alcohol will influence the health in a positive manner. Discrimination is a socio-economic factor which refers to unjust treatment of different categories of people on grounds of3
race, age, gender etc. This factor influences health in London borough. If people arediscriminated on the basis of their religion, race, ethnicity, caste, creed, color etc., they are notgiven priority during provision of care and treatment. As a result of this, these people aredeprived of health care facilities (Nutbeam, Harris and Wise, 2010). When treatment is notreceived on time, their health suffers and it is impacted in an adverse manner.Another socio- economic factor is access to education. It can be analysed that educationprovides knowledge and information to a person and makes him capable of making betterchoices regarding his health. When people do not have access to education, they are not awareabout the importance of health and factors affecting it. In this situation, they make make lifestylechoices or behave in a manner which harms their health (Richard, Gauvin and Raine, 2011). Incontrast to this, when people in London borough have access to education, they are aware aboutthe aspects which will promote their health. Hence, positive actions for promotion of health aretaken by them. Also, access to education makes people knowledgeable about their rights tohealth care services (Weare and Nind, 2011). Therefore, they are able to stand againstdiscrimination and obtain health care on time.Access to health care facilities is also a socio- economic factor which impacts health ofpeople in London borough. When people have access to health care, the are able to obtain adviceas well as care and treatment at the required time. This brings improvement in their health thusimpacting it in a positive manner (Korda and Itani, 2013). In contrast to this, when health carefacilities are located in a remote area or have a complex process, local people are not able toobtain the required treatment on time. This makes their illness more complicated and impacts thehealth negatively.1.2Relevance of government sources in reporting on inequalities in health can be assessed.There are various government sources for reporting inequalities such as Black Report 1980,Acheson report 1998, Marmot Report 2010, NICE etc. (Thorogood and Coombes, 2010). Blackreport is a document which was published by the Department of Health and Social Security. Thisdocument is relevant in reporting non inequalities in health as it showed in detail the diseasesthat are unequally distributed among the population of Britain. The Report also provided4
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