Health Sociology Theory Assignment

Added on - 21 Jul 2020

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HEALTH SOCIOLOGYASSESSMENT 1
Table of ContentsINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................1MAIN BODY...................................................................................................................................1CONCLUSIONS..............................................................................................................................4REFERENCES................................................................................................................................5
INTRODUCTIONA sociological theory is the complete collection of ideas that gives us a properexplanation of the human society. There are several sociological theories and each theory is quiteselective in terms of their priorities and perspectives. Sociological theories can be categorisedinto various criteria, but the important among them is structural and social action theory. Presentstudy will critically evaluate various sociological theories.MAIN BODYStructural theory implies in a way that a society is a pool system of relationship thatcreates a structure of the society in which we live together. This theory stresses upon theformation of certain structural laws that is applied in the society.In this series secondly comes the social action theory. Max Weber was the firstsociologist to supports a social action approach. Various symbolic interactionist tried to explain aperson's behaviour by explaining the style in which the people explains the action of others,build up a self-image.There are several types of sociological theories which are discovered, one among them isDisengagement Theory. This theory was created by the scientists Elaine Cumming and WilliamEarle Henry, and they presented in the book Growing Old, published in the 1961. It is the firstever social science theory for ageing (DeLiema and Bengtson 2017.).This theory outlines the disengagement from the social life that people experience as theirage increases and they become old. This theory states that with the passage of time elderlypeople withdraws themselves from the social roles and relationships which were once part oftheir life in adulthood. With collection of large data, the scientist prepared few postulatesdescribing this theory.People loses the social interaction around them and they start expecting for death. After beingdisengaged, they make themselves free from social norms. This process is different for both menand women. Complete disengagement occurs when a person and its society are ready to do this.People who get disengaged adopt new social norms to not get demoralized.The theory of disengagement states that the older people get isolated from the social lifewhich makes them feel very bored and even get depressed which may lead to physical illnesswhich is too more painful to handle and which in turn leads them to start using alcohol to makethese problems bearable. They start drinking alcohol when they become more isolated from the1
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