Healthcare Law Assignment
Added on - 21 Apr 2020
Running Head: Law1Law
Law2Introduction:Access to health care means timely use the services related to personal health for the purpose ofachieving the best outcomes in terms of health. For attaining the Access to health care, it isnecessary to follow three discrete steps, and these steps are stated below:First, individual must gain entry in the health care system.Individual must get access to the sites of care where patients receive the services he/sheneeded.Individual must find the providers who meet the need of individual patients, and thosealso with whom patients can easily develop the relationship of trust and mutualcommitment1.This paper discusses the access to health care in United Kingdom with the help of varioussections. Lastly, paper is concluded with brief conclusion.Definition & model related to health and illness:Roots of the concept related to Health were studied by Dolfman (1974)2and Balog (1978)3, andthis was originally generated from the old English word which means the condition of theindividual of being sound. In other words, health is not only associated with the functioning ofphysiological activities but it is also related with the mental activities and moral activeness, andwith spiritual salvation. Therefore, this word health is always preceded by both negative andpositive qualifiers such as good health and bad health.1Institute of Medicine, Committee on Monitoring Access to Personal Health Care Services. Access to health care inAmerica. Washington, DC: National Academy Press; 1993.2Dolfman, M. L. (1974). Toward operational definitions of health. The Journal of School Health, 44, (4), 206-209.3Balog, J. E. (1978). An historical review and philosophical analysis of alternative concepts of health and theirrelationship to health education (Unpublished dissertation). Maryland: University of Maryland.
Law3Concept related to health presents form of ambiguity because this concept is multidimensional innature, complex, and illusive. This concept of health is defined by various scholars and by theWHO also, and definition of health given by WHO is considered as most important and olddefinition. WHO (1948)4stated that health is the state of complete physical, mental, and socialwell-being, and not only the absence of disease and infirmity.On the other hand, concept related to illness appears as an objective approach when it iscompared with the concept of health. As stated by Balog (1978), finding accurate and exactdefinition of illness was the difficult task as compared to defining the health. Therefore, it can besaid that improper functioning and deviation from normality can be considered as importantfactors of illness. However, it is difficult to define the terms improper functioning and deviationfrom normality. In other words, illness is the feeling or an experience of unhealthy which iscompletely personnel and interior to the person or the patient.As stated by Nordenfeldt (1993), if individual is ill then such individual is in pain, to be anxious,and to be disabled. This concept fits with the concept of sick role described by Parsons (1951).After considering the above facts, it is clear that both health and illness can be defined innegative, positive, and holistic manner.Models of biomedical and socio-medical related to health and illness:Socio-medical Model mainly considers the social factors which contribute in the health, well-being, and it mainly consider the impact of poverty, poor housing, diet and pollution. It mainlyaims in preventing the ill health of individual by improving the housing and programs for thepurpose of handling the inequality and poverty. This model also challenges the assumptionsmade about the medical model and mainly consider the wider factors in this regard.4World Health Organization (1948) Constitution. World Health Organization, Geneva.
Law4Strength of this model is to encourage the people to live the lifestyle which is healthy in natureand also consider the causes of illness and disease. It also helps in improvising the elementswhich cause illness and prevent it from occurring again.Weakness of this model is failure to consider the causes of disease and illness which arebiological in nature, and it takes very long time in improving the environmental factors.On the other hand biomedical model is the model which is commonly used by the professional ofhealth care for the purpose of identifying the nature of medical condition. As per this model,health must be free from pain, disease or defect.Strength of this model is that it is considered as successful model for diagnosis and treatment forvarious diseases, and this model is completely based on the scientific knowledge and research.Weakness of this model is it fails to consider the psychosocial factors which mainly influence thedisease and illness.5Patterns and trends of health and illness:This section of the assignment explains the different patterns or trends in different social groups,and the four social groups in which these patterns and trends are fall are gender, social class,ethnicity and Locality. Patterns and trends related to health and illness within gender is a broadertopic and as per the reports published in this regards, women’s more likely to get some types ofdisease as compared to men such as depression, anxiety, and other diseases which can causemental issues in future. As stated by the Interactionist, gender stratification in health and illnessis still considered because both the genders act in complete different manner. Numbers of expertsare there who mainly focus on the day to day exchanges between the husband and wife for thepurpose of considering the impact of male superiority is enacted.5Williams, S. (1999). Is anybody there? Critical realism, chronic illness and the disability debate. Sociology of helathand illness. Volume 21(6), Pp- 797–819.