Historical and Current Events Impacting Health Issues
Added on - 01 May 2020
Running head: HISTORICAL AND CURRENT EVENTS IMPACTING HEALTH ISSUES OFINDIGENOUS AND NON-INDIGENOUS AUSTRALIA1Impacts of Historical and Current Events on the Health Issues of Indigenous and Non-Indigenousof AustraliaName:Institution:Course:Lecturers Name:Date:
Running head: HISTORICAL AND CURRENT EVENTS IMPACTING HEALTH ISSUES OFINDIGENOUS AND NON-INDIGENOUS AUSTRALIA2Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people groups are the principal tenants of Australia..Formerly they were distinguished by their skin pigmentation or just aboriginal descent but that hasbeen replaced by present-day definitions which are more inclusive. The Australian governmenttoday defines the Australian native as one who originates from an Aboriginal community,acknowledges him or herself as a native descent person and the community accepts him or her asone of them. (Fuary, 2016).During the colonization period, Australia was identified as a colony. The indigenous landwas taken and become under control of British colonists and assumed that the land belonged to noone. The struggle between the natives and the colonists resulted in bloodshed which was one-sidedleading to the drastic decrease in the Aboriginal population (Nayton, 2012). The number of nativeindividuals who passed on during the white people settlement in Australia is estimated to rangebetween 300,000 and 1 million. This figure increases considering the confrontation battles of theAboriginal and the white settlers. Additionally, numerous Aboriginal populaces died of acquaintedmaladies which no protection was available to counter, for example, smallpox, flu and measleswithout forgetting arbitrary killings, inflicting punishment and organized mass killing (LoGiudice,2016). Resulting to significant decrease of the Aboriginal population. The survivors were transferredfrom their land to reserves and missions denied education or studying from different schools. Somewere assimilated into the broader population with the aim of eradicating the natives gradually and toensure that they lose their identity.
Running head: HISTORICAL AND CURRENT EVENTS IMPACTING HEALTH ISSUES OFINDIGENOUS AND NON-INDIGENOUS AUSTRALIA3The circumstances surrounding the natives after the end of colonization period resulted intheir exclusion from the mainstream Australian policies, specifically, the health policies.The records of health statistics and information show inequities between indigenous population ofAustralia and non-Indigenous Australians (Al-Yaman, 2017). At a populace level, IndigenousAustralians encounter more prominent dreariness, mortality, and handicap over diverse situationsand at each phase of living. For instance, elevated diabetes rate, kidney infections, poor eyesight,inappropriate and higher rate of hospital admission for cognitive health and deaths as a result ofcardiovascular diseases just to mention a few, affect the Indigenous as compared to non-Indigenousindividuals. ("Health and Welfare of Australia's Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander People,October 2010"). These inconsistencies are owing to the mind-boggling interaction of past eventsalready highlighted and an extensive variety of biological, socio-cultural, political and economicaldeterminants of health ("House of Representatives Standing Committee on Aboriginal Affairs: PressRelease," 1989). As in numerous settings, these disparities is as a result for disdain anddisappointment by ones whose well-being is highly influenced which is of worry to policymakerswhose aim should be ensuring there is equality and fairness in the society. Similarly, the light waywith which the health of Indigenous population is reported and handled is an indication of how vitalhealth information is unclear on the non-Indigenous populaceAnother commonly used measure of social equity is life expectancy which is a concisemeasure of susceptibility to death. In Australia, the life expectancy for the Aboriginal and TorresStrait Islanders has been used determine the limitations of the Indigenous populace, ("Intellectualdisability in Australia Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples," 2007) and has become a vitalavenue for championing for Australian natives health. Life expectancy calculation relies on the
Running head: HISTORICAL AND CURRENT EVENTS IMPACTING HEALTH ISSUES OFINDIGENOUS AND NON-INDIGENOUS AUSTRALIA4reliable data indicating the size of the population and deaths by age and gender. With this in mind,there has been a concern about the reliability of the natives' information, especially on their deaths.This has led to unreliable methods of estimating Indigenous life expectancy (Rosenstock, Mukandi,Zwi, & Hill, 2013) where late reports evaluated a life expectancy of 11.5 years for Aboriginal malesand 9.7 years for Aboriginal females contrasted with non-Aboriginal Australians (Gwynne &Lincoln, 2017).Another important indicator of a healthy community is nutrition. Nutrition contributes toinfants' development; maternal wellbeing also, serves an essential determinant of the unendingailments that lessen Aboriginal life expectancy. Hence, enhancing nourishment is fundamental foradvancing Aboriginal prosperity (Gibson et al, 2015). According to National Aboriginal HealthStrategy (NAHS) which was started in 1989, poor nutrition and acquiring food were the main issuesinfluencing Aboriginal well being (Wilson, 2016). The NAHS was recognized for reframing theAboriginal wellbeing agenda and for its group inclusion and all-encompassing approach. However,most analyses concentrated on its absence of subsidizing and implementation. This was affirmed bythe NAHS assessment, which revealed little confirmation of either procedure usage or change inAboriginal wellbeing status (Smith, 2013).Due to inequality health service provision and health policies which are not inclusive,ailment burden in rural Aboriginal areas with respect to the general Australian population is evident.These diseases start at the neonatal stage. Statistics have indicated that the susceptibility to death ofinfants in indigenous communities is three times that of the non-indigenous populations (Harris &Zwar, 2014). Albeit Australia is recognized as a developed country, health problems in Aboriginalcommunities are similar to those experienced in developing countries. Indigenous infants suffer from