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Historical Development in Travel and Tourism

Added on - 03 Feb 2020

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Running Head:TOURISM1TOURISMNameInstitute
TOURISM2TABLE OF CONTENTSIntroduction.................................................................................................................................................3TASK 1..........................................................................................................................................................31.1 Historical development in travel and tourism...................................................................................31.2 Structure of travel and toursim.........................................................................................................5TASK 2..........................................................................................................................................................62.1 Functions of government and government sponsored bodies..........................................................72.2 How local and economic policies a influence success of travel and tourism.....................................72.3 Implication of political change aon TTM............................................................................................8TASK 3..........................................................................................................................................................83.1 Factors affecting tourism demand.....................................................................................................93.2 How supply has changed to meet athe effects of demand..............................................................10TASK 4........................................................................................................................................................114.1 Positive and negative impact on tourism.........................................................................................124.2trategies that can be used to minimise the negative impacts while maximising the positive impacts...............................................................................................................................................................15CONCLUSION.............................................................................................................................................16
TOURISM3INTRODUCTIONNearly 100,000 people are found to be traveling abroad each hour from around the world.Nearly 924 million people were reported to have been travelling abroad in 2008. According toreports, the 3/4thof these tourists were from the most developed countries visiting the naturallyblessed economically doomed beautiful developing countries. The role of international tourists insuch countries is far more significant than the development agencies in these regions. A total ofmore than even US$295 was spent per year by the tourists in developing countries during pastfew years. This is why tourism has been declared as one of the largest voluntary transfer of fundsand money to the developing countries from the citizens of the developed ones (Ashley,2009).TASK 11.1 Historical development in travel and tourismWith a nearly inexplicably massive infrastructure, tourism is usually perceived as aglobal phenomenon. Significance of tourism is illustrated by the fact that its influences havebeen penetrating across cultures, politics and society, while keeping economy at the top. Tourismcould be considered as an economical branch operating at global scale going through vigorousdevelopment. During the early 1920’s, a term used for tourism referring to Fremdenverkehrtheory was developed in German language. It was mainly associated with the issues of economyand business. The theory and notion was then substituted by the ever growing field of tourismduring 1960s. In present age, tourism is the study of multiple disciplines interlinked to each otherby the phenomena of tourism. In the beginning, this area was limited to the consideration ofeconomic and business aspects, however the cultural and social history were later explored inassociation with tourism.
TOURISM4The history of tourism begins with the history of mankind when many nations with theirarmies would travel around the world to invade regions with resources. The traveling andinvading for the sake of control over resources and trading could be perceived as one of theearliest forms of tourism. The point of simple travel evolving into complex tourism could hardlybe identified in the history. Development of Tourism as industry is estimated to have begun inthe Empire Era that stretches between the Greeks and Egyptians. Common currency andlanguage was developed by Greek empire in the history which was exploited by Roman empireto foster the opportunities of tourism for higher class in the society. After the fall of Romanempire, the roads did not remain protected and dark ages came for tourism known as Middleages that contained the time between fifth to fourteenth century. Due to the danger which wasassociated with travelling, the tourism nearly vanished during middle ages.The modern tourism industry is believed to have emerged with the “Grand tour”. Anumber of beautiful cities in Europe stated to develop luxurious hotels and services for the guestsfrom across the world. Practices of tourism went through further development during mobilityera when the traveling to familiar places at near and far off places became a regular practice. Themajor development in travelling took place in mobility era due to the introduction of airtravelling and automobiles.In the beginning of eighteenth century leisure travelling among the population of workingclass started as day trips and continued in the nineteenth century. Tourism going throughdevelopment in the beginning of twentieth century showed multiple themes and aspects, such asthe emergence of social, economic and political climate surrounding the industry was beingrealized. The tales of travelling and tourism essentially reflects the advancements in mankind.With the advancements of transportation and improvements in technology people started to
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