Historical Development in Tourism and Travel Sector

Added on - 21 Jul 2020

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Travel AndTourism Sector
Table of ContentsINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................3TASK 1............................................................................................................................................31.1 Historical development in Tourism and travel sectors.....................................................31.2 Structure of Travel and tourism industry..........................................................................4The various sector of the industry works in collaborate way and each sector plays significantrole in growth of industry. Functions of organisation are associated in well structured andsystematic manner. Tourism is huge and can be broken into number of sectors...................4TASK 2............................................................................................................................................62.1 Analysing the function of government, sponsored bodies and international agencies intrace and tourism industry......................................................................................................62.2 Identifying the way local and national economic policies influence the success of traveland tourism sector...................................................................................................................72.3 Implication of Political change on travel and tourism industry in different countries.....8TASK 3...........................................................................................................................................93.1 Factors affecting tourism demand....................................................................................93.2 Change in the supply of TUI group................................................................................10TASK 4.........................................................................................................................................104.1 The main positive and negative impact of economic, socio culture and environmental104.2 Strategies for reducing negative impact and maximizing impacts for TUI group.........11CONCLUSION..............................................................................................................................12REFERENCES..............................................................................................................................13
INTRODUCTIONThe objective of the study is to understand travel and tourism industry with reference to thearticle name “London welcomes new visitor visa for Chinese tourists. The report willinclude the history and structure of the tourism and travel sector in context of both articles.The research will have emphasizes on determining the influence of local, nationalgovernment and agencies on tour and travel industry. The report also have focus onidentifying the effect of supply and demand on tourism sector. The overall impact oftourism activities would be analysed in relation to macro environmental factors.TASK 11.1 Historical development in Tourism and travel sectorsThe travel and tourism is the fastest growing industry in world. The share of tourismsector have risen significantly in every sector. On the basis's of historic data it can be stated thatthe travel and tourism has contributed a lot towards economic development of country andgenerating employment in UK. In traditional times the tour and travel industry was confined toprovide and conduct informal tours in form of moving from once place to another at holy andreligious places. But in recent development in tourism sector has widened the scope of travel andtourism industry. Now travelling is not only confined for the purpose of recreational and leisureactivities, it has been conducted for various other purposes such as education, knowledgeseeking, interest, health etc.(CarverandByrd,2008)The need of travel and tourism products and services are being identified by nomads whotravel around the world in search of food and shelter. The aim of traveller in 1500 Bc was toarrange for food and trade globally. This has given rise to barter system. The tourism wasdeveloped by European Union.In 14 century Columbus sailed westward and Ascot Da gamma has conducted travelactivity. The purpose off travel was to earn money. From that period business travel has been anintegral part of tourism.The grand tour was being facilitated by British elite class between late 16thand early 19Th centuries had given rise to new horizons of tourism. During industrial revolution period therewas increase in demand for tourism products and services. The reason for increase in demandwas mainly the introduction of tour package services in 1841.The package include paid holiday
benefit to middle class people of the society. Change in life style has created demand fordevelopment and recreation of travel and tourism sector. Traditional period the focus of tour andtravel organisation was to generate income. But now the industry has been developed and hasfocussed on attracting more number of visitors by offering them various tour packages, and otherattractive services such as online booking. The aim of the organisation is to influence visitors inpositive manner.Sea transport-This transportation option was established in year 1831.This transportation optionintends to provide memorable experience to travellers.In 20 century rail transport has created a new picture of tourism and travel industry. Itwas established in 1820.This has created a new age revolution. The aim of this development wasto provide ease in travelling to travellers. Air travel was another development in tour and travelindustry. It was first introduced in 1992.Now it has been considered as best form of travelling.Growth of package tour is the other development in industry. The intention of thisdevelopment is to provide accommodation services to travellers and visitors(ChangandChen,2008)1.2 Structure of Travel and tourism industryThe various sector of the industry works in collaborate way and each sector plays significant rolein growth of industry. Functions of organisation are associated in well structured andsystematic manner.Tourism is huge and can be broken into number of sectors.Hospitality:Hospitality is the main sector of tour and travel industry. This segment intends toprovide optimum level of services to its guests and travellers to meet their requirement ofaccommodation.Tour operators:Tour operators refers to the organisation that manages and control differentcomponents such as facilities, financial services, accommodation, and other ancillary services.They provide such services in form of package that assist them in attracting more number ofvisitors. This enterprise motivate consumers by catering all the area of tourism that includeinbound, outbound and domestic services.Travel agent:The role of travel agent is to provide various and complete information totravellers and visitors about the various travel options. They can provide advice related toselection of travel option as per traveller suitability and requirement.
Ancillary services:There are various services that are supported to travel and tourism industrythese include financial services, insurance, marketing, guide, media, private training, etc. Theseservices are provided by private enterprises. Apart from private bodies Travel companies arebeing supported by government or public department. The various public department includeculture, media and sports. These all department provide support to travel industry at nationallevel.Accommodation- Tour and travel sectors provides various form of accommodation facilitiessuch as cottages, apartments, villas, hotel and guest accommodation for the travellers or visitors.Transportation:This is the main segment that makes tourism industry sustainable. It enablestourism industry to conduct various trade practices. It is significant factor in tourism industry asit enables people to travel and visit different places. Transport operates in different ways inLondon. These are:Air travel – It plays significant role in travel and tourism sector. Air travel assist industry infacilitating the domestic and international visitors.Road transport-It provides adventurous experience to travellers and visitors.Cruise travel-This transportation option intends to provide memorable experience to travellers.Attraction-Natural interaction is the fundamental element that initiate tour and travel company.It allows organisation to uses various natural resources in order to attract more number of visitorsfrom worldwide (Christou,SigalaandGretzel,2012)Structure of Travel and tourism industryThe various sector of the industry works in collaborate way and each sector playssignificant role in growth of industry. Functions of organisation are associated inwell structured and systematic manner.Tourism is huge and can be broken intonumber of sectors.Hospitality:Hospitality is the main sector of tour and travel industry. This segment intends toprovide optimum level of services to its guests and travellers to meet their requirement ofaccommodation.Tour operators:Tour operators refers to the organisation that manages and control differentcomponents such as facilities, financial services, accommodation, and other ancillary services.They provide such services in form of package that assist them in attracting more number ofvisitors. This enterprise motivate consumers by catering all the area of tourism that include
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