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Historical Developments In Travel And Tourism Sector

Added on - 21 Jan 2020

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Travel andTourism sector1
TABLE OF CONTENTSIntroduction......................................................................................................................................3Task 1...............................................................................................................................................3P1.1 Key historical developments in travel and tourism sector of London................................3P1.2 Structure of travel and tourism industry of London...........................................................4Task 2..............................................................................................................................................5P2.1 Function of government, sponsored bodies and international agencies in travel andtourism UK.................................................................................................................................5P2.2 Local and national policy influence on success of travel and tourism sector of UK..........6P2.3 Implications of the political changes on travel and tourism sector....................................6Task 3...............................................................................................................................................7P3.1 Factors affecting demand of tourism..................................................................................7P3.2 Supply changed to meet the effects of demand..................................................................9Task 4.............................................................................................................................................10P4.1 Main positive and negative impact of tourism on economy, environment and society...10P4.2 Strategies which can be used to minimize the negative impact and maximize positiveonce...........................................................................................................................................11Conclusions....................................................................................................................................12Recommendations..........................................................................................................................13References......................................................................................................................................142
INTRODUCTIONIn recent years, travel and tourism sector has emerged as one of the most growing andpotential sectors of the world. Along with this, high growth rate in this sector is witnessing verytough competition among businesses. The present report demonstrates the key historicaldevelopments in travel and tourism sector in London. In addition to this, it also highlights thestructure of travel and tourism sector. Functions of government and other regulatory bodies inthis sector have also been explained in this report. Some of the important factors which affect thedemand of tourism are also mentioned in this report.TASK 1P1.1 Key historical developments in travel and tourism sector of LondonLondon is considered as one of the most famous tourist destinations all over the world asit attracts more than 30 million visitors every year. The vibrant culture and amazing monumentsare some of the things which attract people from different countries of the world. The history oftravel and tourism sector in London begins with the primitive era in which the concept oftravelling from one place to another was not so common. One of the only reasons of travellingwas to visit holy places (London's Tourism Industry, 2015). In the modern era, travelling is donewith the main purpose of either leisure or for any business purpose. During the time of primitiveera, the reason of travel was linked with one thing that was to visit religious destinations. As thetime changed, the concept of travel and tourism also started to change. It can be stated that it wasbetween the year 1660 to 1840 that people started travelling for other purposes rather than forholy purpose. This period was the time in which first grand tour was introduced in market forpeople which belongs to high income group. The grand tour was sponsored by different partiesand the tour ended up becoming a great success (Bernick and Boo, 2013). One of the majorobjectives of this tour was to make people aware about the culture and lifestyle of other cities,areas and countries.The industrial revolution is considered as the period of transformation in the entire traveland tourism sector of London. It was in the period of 18thand 19thcentury in which majorchanges happened in this sector. Along with this, companies such as Thomas cook as well asCox and Kings were also emerged in this period only (Donohue, 2007). Many new tourism3
destinations were developed and the number of travellers in London also enhanced. The conceptof package tour also developed during this particular year only. Later in the year 1969, the veryfirst act related to travel and tourism sector was developed. Slowly the concept among peopleregarding the use of travel related services and visiting the destination started to grow. In termsof society, it can be stated that the perception of people in market changed and they started tovisit other countries to see their culture, destinations and other things. Before the beginning of20thCentury, the major development in infrastructures took place in which facilitates such asroad and transportations were developed for some destinations (Barrett, 2012). In both naturaldestinations and manmade destinations, these developments took place. In the 20thcentury,technology is introduced in travel and tourism sector in which some businesses started to offertours and providing travel related services via online.P1.2 Structure of travel and tourism industry of LondonThe travel and tourism sector of London consists of six major components which arevisitor attractions, accommodation, transportation, travel agents, tour operators and tourismdevelopment authority. In terms of visitors attraction, it can be stated that these destinations areeither man made or are developed naturally (Bunja, 2003). For example, Blackpool beach andLake District are considered as some of the famous natural visitors attractions. On the other side,manmade attractions such as Alton towers is one of the best examples of visitor attraction. Thesecond component of London travel and tourism sector is transportation which plays a major rolein the growth and development of this sector. Further, better transportation facilities makes itvery convenient for tourist to visit their respective destinations. Rail, road, air and sea are themajor sources of transportation within London (Trunfio, Petruzzellis and Nigro, 2006). Anothercomponent of travel and tourism sector is accommodation which includes various kinds of hotelsand other service providers. In addition to this, there are tour operators whose main motive is toproduce and sell tour packages related to various destinations. Travel agents are also consideredas one of the major parts of the travel and tourism industry as they act as a link between generalpublic and tour operators. At last, this sector consists of tourism development in which there arevarious regulatory bodies whose work is to take care of the practices and activities related totravel and tourism in London. Integration of all these components is essential for the success ofthe sector. It can also be stated that all of them share interdependent relationship with each other4
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