HIV/ AIDS global perspective

Added on - 06 Jan 2020

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HIV/ AIDSGLOBALPERSPECTIVE1
Table of ContentsIntroduction..............................................................3Summary of the principles of equity and access within primary health care4Description of key population, their disproportionate risks and their equity and access issues.............................................................................8Include case scenario 3 HIV, as an example of community nursing intervention andapproaches to support preventive health care services and promote health for key populationaffected by HIV.................................................15Conclusion.............................................................17References..............................................................202
INTRODUCTIONCommunity nurses working for HIV patients are an expert of team who have in-depthknowledge about all aspects of HIV and AIDS. HIV community nurses are required to maintaina national profile because that highly influence HIV nursing practice (Bell, Aggleton & Slavin,2016). However, in Australia, most of the community – based health care service is provided byprimary health care teams, community nurses, social workers and general practitioners to TorresStrait Islander. Thus, in this respect the present study has been describing key principles ofequity and how it enhances value of primary health care. Apart from this, discussion is alsoincluded regarding nursing intervention that are available for HIV patients.Summary of the principles of equity and access within primary health careHealth equity is about removing unfair and unavoidable barriers that compromise healthand well-being of a person. The basic practice of health equity emphasizes on supporting fairaccess to health care services and also to alleviate any sort of disadvantage for vulnerable groups(Cameron & O'Keefe, 2016). The principle of health equity focuses on communities, servicesystems and practitioners at work. Thus, according to the principles of equity, it is crucial for thehealth care entities to ensure that no one is experiencing poor health. In Australia, the principleof equity includes improving living and working conditions of all the people as that holds morevalue in economic development.Further, these principles are also essential to be followed while giving services to HIVpatients. With the help of such principle it is essential for community nurses and carepractitioners to adopt healthier lifestyle that acknowledges interest of groups in society. Thus, insuch respect it can be said that health equity is regarded as causes of differences in the quality ofhealth and healthcare across different population (Bell, Aggleton & Slavin, 2016). The principle3
states that there must be absence of health disparities at the time of delivering health careservices to HIV patients.Stigma as well as discrimination are two major barriers while dealing effectively withHIV epidemic. This also outlines a range of human rights violations that hinders access toprevention, care, support and treatment. The basic or formal principle of equity states thatcommunity nurses must treat HIV patients in appropriate manner and they should aid indelivering suitable care to the patients. In this way, collaboration and coordination is importantas that highly aids in maintaining the interest of clients in suitable manner (The Role of the Nursein HIV Treatment and Care, 2012). Apart from this, the principle of equity also states thatcommunity nurses must connect with the clients and they should also support other groups bygiving better services.People living in Australia have adequate access in primary health care in which they aredelivered suitable care in all aspects of health care. Nurses are also focused on the provision ofdelivering emotional support and encouragement as that also aids in managing motivationalneeds of HIV patients. Nurses in Australia have been focusing on all the principles of primaryhealth care especially to maintain equality for HIV patients. In this respect, it is mentioned inWHO Constitution that every person has the right to attain standardised health. Thus,considering such provision, community nurses are greatly focusing on social justice, equity andrecognition while dealing with patients.Community nurses also ensures to emphasize on patient and family member’s interestand accordingly better services are being delivered. This has also been adopted forpatients suffering from HIV (ETHICS AND EQUITY IN ACCESS TO HIV4
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