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HNN301 – Mental Health Promotion | Problematic Alcohol

Added on - 07 Mar 2020

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Running head: PROBLEMATIC ALCOHOL USE 1Problematic Alcohol UseStudent’s NameUniversity Affiliation
PROBLEMATIC ALCOHOL USE2Table of ContentsIntroduction......................................................................................................................................3Problematic alcohol consumption in Australia................................................................................3Risk factors......................................................................................................................................5Lack of legislation........................................................................................................................5Parental supply............................................................................................................................5Exposure to alcohol in school......................................................................................................6Peer pressure...............................................................................................................................6Protective factors.............................................................................................................................7Community protective factors......................................................................................................7Family protective factors.............................................................................................................7School protective factors..............................................................................................................8Individual protective factors........................................................................................................8Program that addresses alcohol use.................................................................................................8Details of the program.................................................................................................................9Target audience..........................................................................................................................10Goals of the program.................................................................................................................10Role of nursing in combating problematic alcohol use.................................................................10Conclusion.....................................................................................................................................12
PROBLEMATIC ALCOHOL USE3References......................................................................................................................................13Problematic Alcohol UseIntroductionThe trend of alcohol consumption in Australia is rising specifically among the youngadults. Problematic alcohol use is a major cause of mental illnesses such as depression, anxiety,autism, mood disorder and psychotic disorders. In most cases, these mental disorders developdue to the consumption of excess alcohol for a long time. However, some mental disorders occurin the short-term. Even though there are several programs designed to address the problematicalcohol consumption, some youths do not have access to these programs. This scholarly paperaims to explore the problem of alcohol use in the population aged between 14 and 17 years. Thestudy will also evaluate the risk factors and protective factors for alcohol consumption. Thepaper will elucidate the Alcohol and Drug Information Services (ADIS) which is an evidence-based program for addressing problematic alcohol use in Australia. In the last part, it willexamine the role of nursing in combating problematic alcohol use.Problematic alcohol consumption in AustraliaAlcohol abuse is a significant problem in among adolescents in Australia. The populationaged between 14 and 17 years is greatly affected by alcohol use. One study conducted in 2011found that 74 percent of Australians aged 14 years old have used alcohol in the past. The studyfurther found that 90.9 percent of those aged 17 years have consumed alcohol at one particulartime in their life. Individuals aged 14 and 17 years were found to have consumed about fourdrinks on a single day in the last seven days. The most consumed alcoholic drinks are spirits,pre-mixed spirits, ordinary beer and alcoholic sodas[ CITATION Kel16 \l 1033 ].Males comprise thehighest number of drinkers in this population. Even in the entire population in Australia, men
PROBLEMATIC ALCOHOL USE4drink more alcohol compared to women[ CITATION Wil09 \l 1033 ].Most adolescents who makethis population are students. Hence, a large percentage consumes alcohol in school with friendswhile others access alcohol in their homes. There are however some adolescents who purchasealcohol from bottle shops, liquor stores and supermarkets.The selected population has high chances of consuming hazardous levels of alcohol. Arecent study indicates that despite public education on the adverse impacts of alcoholconsumption, the trend of drinking remained constant between 2001 and 2007. In fact, it wasreported that about 10 percent of the population consume high amounts of alcohol, which canresult in long-term harm. For instance, in Western Australia, 39 percent of the individuals whoare aged 14 years and above drink a lot of alcohol that has a chance of causing harm in the short-term. 11 percent of this population drinks alcohol levels that have a chance of causing harm inthe long-term. Wholesalers of alcohol continue to record high returns since per capita alcoholdrinking is rising in Australia[ CITATION Per13 \l 1033 ]. This analysis indicates that thepopulation aged between 14 and 17 years has higher chances of suffering from mental disordersthan the rest of the population.Empirical studies show that consumption of alcohol is a key risk factor for disease burdenin Australia. Based on a study conducted in 2013, 26 percent of the population aged 14 years inAustralia had experienced an alcohol-related harm. Mental disorders are the most commonharms that adolescents experienced as a result of excessive drinking[ CITATION War16 \l 1033 ].Besides, excessive consumption of alcohol is associated with suicidal behaviour. Suicidalbehaviour occurs due to impaired judgment and disinhibition. Some individuals who consumealcohol might use suicide as a way of reducing stress[ CITATION Pom10 \l 1033 ]. Drinking alcoholhas significant adverse impacts on students. Students whoconsume high amounts of alcohol
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