Challenges in Construction Industry in Africa : Report

Added on -2020-07-22

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Housing in the globalsouth.
TABLE OF CONTENTSINTRODUCTION ..........................................................................................................................2MAIN BODY...................................................................................................................................2Outline the challenges faced by the construction industry in Africa..........................................2Operation of construction industry with respect to other continents? .......................................7Perceptions on the some of the successes in Sub-Saharan Africa?.............................................8CONCLUSION..............................................................................................................................11REFERENCES..............................................................................................................................121
INTRODUCTION Construction industry is regarded as a key contributor in raising economy of a nation. Onan average, around six to nine percent share in growth domestic product of a country isaccounted by this sector (Ball, 2014). There exits different types of construction on the basis ofsize and purpose. Some major of them includes industrial, residential, buildings, etc. However, itshould be recognised that the organisations dealing in this sector should proceed with effectiveprocess in terms of designing, finances, legal aspects, procurement, and many more. This reportis mainly focused on the housing in the Africa. From various studies it has been observed that thethe condition of construction industry is not sound in the country. Further, 2014 was the yearwhen the industry has faced severe challenges either in terms of labours, economical condition,or substantial delays, etc. However, Sub-Saharan has developed some effective ways to achievesuccess. This report will also examine those actions so that further implementations can be made(Dearlove, and Saleeb, 2016). In the present undertaking, all the issues that were faced by construction industry inAfrica will be assessed. In addition to this, this analysation will be in reference to the othercontinents. Besides this, the successes gained by Sub-Saharan Africa will also be discussed inthis research.MAIN BODYOutline the challenges faced by the construction industry in Africa.The history of the sector is very old and interesting. Earlier, there were some basicstructures such as huts and shelters. However, with the development of cities during the BronzeAge, trend of slaves appeared. This was then replaced into guild and later into fast-trackconstructions. The term construction is formed with "art" and "science" of developing objectsand systems (Kanadasan and et. al., 2015). This work is introduced by the Latin terminology"Constructionem". The meaning of this word can be segregated to "together" and "pile up".Basically, there are three major sections of construction namely, buildings, infrastructure andindustrial. They all can be further divided into various sub-categories. In context to the buildingconstruction, there are two sub-categories, they are: residential and non-residential. On the basisof the purpose of using the construction, they are developed by the industry. Besides this, themajor component that comes under infrastructure are the heavy civil engineering such as damns,bridges, spillways, railways, etc. They are mainly used the government or public sector of a2
country. On the other hand, industrial construction involves the development of manufacturingplans, mills, power generation structures, etc. (Alwan, Jones, and Holgate, 2017). All theseconstructional work highly differs from each other and hence, the skills required in their creationalso varies. However, it should be recognised that it is essential to follow the effective process inall these sections. For instance: designing, finances associated with the undertaken work, all thelegal aspects required in the development, communication with the experts, variousprocurements, etc. Some other benefits associated with the development of constructionalindustry is that it increases employment in the country. The finances of the nation are also raisedwith this improvement. Further, a nation can ensure success by getting overall development. In context to Africa, there exist various challenges that are being faced by theconstruction sector. In addition to this, year 2009 was termed as the toxic time of the industry. Itis because of the fact the condition of housing sector was not sound. There exist various factorsthat have accounted in ad-versifying the situation of Africa in the cited industry. Also, the impactof these challenges were major (Shehu, and et. al., 2014). They brought a measurable downturnin the overall effectiveness of the nations of Africa. However, it should be considered that thecountries were earlier having construction sector as major contributor to the employment andGDP. This decrement in the condition has been started since 2009. In addition to this, the thingsgets worsen at the start of 2014. This year has faced various issues in the construction industry.The labour unrest has highly affected the effectiveness of the sector. The work got highlyinfluenced due to this. In addition to this, it has been observed that the external environmentalfactors are also not favourable for the growth of industry in the African countries. Apart fromthis, there are various nations present on the continent that lacks in reliable technical knowledgewhich is essential for the development of selected industry (Kikwasi, 2013).The selectedcontinent is facing various challenges in the development of the constructional sector. Firstly, theeconomical condition of this industry is not sound in the Africa. In fact, several times the sectorhas faced financial crisis. Also, the labours of the countries working in this sector are notsatisfied with the wages they earn for their work. Moreover, their safety is not considered.Hence, an increased number of accidents and employee termination cases are being faced by theconstructional industry. Besides this, the time taken by the countries in the development iscomparatively very high as compared to the other companies working in the same or similar3

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