Assignment: Introduction Human Resource Management

Added on - 16 Jun 2021

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HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT –727700
Table of ContentsIntroduction.......................................................................................................................3Human Resource Management....................................................................................................3Australian Health Care Industry...................................................................................................3Upcoming Human Resource Management Challenges in Australian Healthcare Industry....4Shortage of nursing staff..............................................................................................................4Rising labour turnover rates.........................................................................................................5SHRM Models (Harvard Map of HRM)................................................................................5Addressing Issues Related to Australian Healthcare Industry.............................................6Conclusion.........................................................................................................................9Bibliography.....................................................................................................................10
IntroductionHuman Resource ManagementHuman resource management is a concept that has gained widespread popularity in the pastfew decades. Human resource management aims at optimising the performance of theworkforce of business organisations by providing the employees with a better workenvironment and by establishing better employee-employer relations[ CITATION Hen121 \l1033 ].To achieve its objectives, human resource management relies upon a number of corefunctions, such as recruitment and selection, performance management, training anddevelopment, career development, etc. and non-core functions, such as motivation, attractionand retention, etc.Due to the spread of globalisation and liberalisation, the business world has become a smallerplace and it has become easier for companies to enter into foreign markets and establishrelations with others. Business organisations have become vulnerable to a number of microand macro environment factors, which can undergo changes in real time and can forcebusiness organisations to implement changes in the workplace. Such changes in theenvironment are also having an impact on the management of human resources in almost allbusiness sectors[ CITATION Vla171 \l 1033 ].Health care industry is no exception and isfacing a significant number of challenges when it comes to the management of humanresources working in the health care sector. Therefore, in this report, we will discuss twomajor human resource management challenges that the health care centres of Australia aremost likely going to experience in the years to come and consider strategies that would behelpful in addressing the challenges.Australian Health Care IndustryIn a Census conducted by the Australian Bureau of Statistics in 2016, healthcare was found tobe the largest industry in Australia. The Australian healthcare industry consists of numeroushealth care and social assistance sectors, hospitals, aged and child care centres. Healthcareindustry employs 12.6% of Australia’s total population. In the last five years alone, theAustralian health care industry has grown by 15.7% while the total number of peopleemployed in the industry grew from 1.2 million in 2011 to 1.4 million in 2016[ CITATIONBus18 \l 1033 ]. It has been identified that the ageing population in Australia in combination
with an expansion in the private health insurance coverage, the demand for healthcareservices is going to get stronger in the years to come[ CITATION IBI18 \l 1033 ].Upcoming Human Resource Management Challenges in AustralianHealthcare IndustryHealthcare industry is one of the most important industry in an economy as it not onlyprovides employment but is also necessary for the well-being of the society. For thebetterment of the society, it is important that the healthcare industry of a country offers highquality healthcare services to its customers. The changing environment trends are bringingabout a significant number of changes in the healthcare industry and are making humanresource management difficult for the managers. Two of the most important human resourcemanagement issues that the Australian healthcare industry is most likely going to face in thenear future are discussed below:Shortage of nursing staffThe first and the most important challenge that the human resource managers working in theAustralian healthcare industry will have to address in the coming years is related with theshortage of healthcare staff. During 2012, the number of hospitals that were experiencing ashortage in the nursing staff was estimated at 4.8 percent while the number jumped up to32.9% by 2016, which is alarming for human resource managers working in the industry. TheBureau of Labour Statistics has projected that by the end of 2022, there will be a vacancy ofalmost 1.2 million nursing positions[ CITATION Bam17 \l 1033 ].The Australian healthcareindustry is not an exception to this human resource management challenge. The governmentof Australia continuously carries out studies and researches to identify shortage of labour andskills in the Australian Labour Market and the shortage of nursing staff in the Australianhealthcare centre has been a major concern for the government in the past few decades. In areport published by Australia’s future health workforce, published in 2014, the department ofhealth forecasted a the shortage of nursing staff in the Australian healthcare industry to reach85,000 by 2025 and to 123,000 by the end of 2030. According to reports, in the years tocome, the Australian health care industry will not be having sufficient number of healthcareprofessionals to satisfy the healthcare demands of rapidly growing Australian population. Thesituation is so alarming for the government of the country that nursing has been added to the
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