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Human Resource Management Assignment - Mark and Spencer

Added on - 22 Nov 2020

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HUMAN RESOURCEMANAGEMENT
Table of ContentsINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................3TASK1.............................................................................................................................................31. Purpose of the HR function and roles and responsibilities.....................................................32. Assessment of various approaches..........................................................................................63. Different methods used in HR practice with inclusion of case study....................................64. Approaches and effectiveness of employee relation and employee engagement...................75. Key aspects of employment legislations.................................................................................86. Evaluation of employee relation and employment legislations influence decision makingand meet business objectives......................................................................................................9TASK2.....................................................................................................................................107. Applications of HRM practices.............................................................................................108. Evaluation of various sources which improved recruitment and selection process..............12CONCLUSION.............................................................................................................................13REFRENCE...................................................................................................................................14
INTRODUCTIONHuman resource management is the department of business organisation that looks forhiring and terminating the employees. It focuses on the functioning of the people within thebusiness by assuring the best work practices are taking place in the organisation all the time.Organisation undertaken in this report is Mark and Spencer which was founded in 1884 in UKand deals in retail industry. This report will explain and purpose and functions of HRM. It willalso determine the various tools and techniques used in HRM to maximise the employeecontribution and how HR methods are employed in an organisation. This will also depicts theemployment legislations and importance of employee relation and how it influences the decisionmaking to meet business objectives. The later part of the report will elucidate the use oftechnology in improving recruitment and selection processes.TASK11. Purpose of the HR function and roles and responsibilities.Human resource management is a important approach to the effectual management ofpeople in an organisation which will be beneficial for the company in gaining competitiveadvantage. It is concerned with processing and administering programs that are planned toincrease the effectiveness of an organisation. It is the function within an organisation that putsemphasis on recruitment and provide direction and guidance to the people who are employed in acompany(Anheier, 2014). There are various functions which are essential for HRM in Mark andSpencer for smooth operations and accomplishing organisational goals and objectives. Followingare the functions and their purpose necessary for effective implementation of plans and policiesin Mark and Spencer and they are discussed below :-Operative functionRecruitment: It is a process which brings in a large pool of candidates for a job vacancyand HRM department of Mark and Spencer is responsible for selecting an appropriateperson suitable for required job. The primary purpose of recruitment is to attract andempower the large amount of applicants to apply for job in an organisation(Armstrongand Taylor, 2014). It further helps in depicting the current and future necessities ofmanpower in an organisation.
Job analysis and design: This describes the nature of jobs like qualification, skills,experience, knowledge, etc. Job design defines the roles, duties and responsibilitiesrequired to accomplish goals and objectives of Mark and Spencer. The main purpose ofconducting a job analysis and design is to utilise the specific data to create a right fitbetween job and employee, to measure the performance of an employee and ascertain thevalue of task. It also investigates the needs of training and development of an employeedelivering that particular job(Beare, Caldwell and Millikan, 2018).Performance appraisal: Checking and analysing performance of an employee isanother crucial function of HRM. The main purpose of this is to determine the trainingand development needs in an organisation, motivate and encourage employees butreviewing their performances regularly for attainment of goals and objectives. It givesfeedback to the employees which inspires them to work with full zeal and confidence andcontributing in organisational development.Managerial functionsPlanning: Human resource planning is the process of forecasting the future humanresource requirements in an organisation and determines the use of present manpowerresources effectively and efficiently which will be utilised to their full potential foraccomplishing goals and objectives in Mark and Spencer. Their main purpose is to recruitand retain the labour resources with efficient quality and appropriate quantity and makeadjustments in demand and supply of labour(Deresky, 2017).Organising: According to this, work is assigned to every individual as per their skillsand activities which are integrated towards a common objective. The main purpose oforganising in HRM is it brings together many departments of the organisation to worktogether through specialisation and leading to efficient administration and coordination. Itfurther improves the process of communication between various departments in Markand Spencer.Directing: This includes energizing employees at different levels and making themcontribute towards the goals and objectives of the Mark and Spencer. The main purposeof this function of HRM is to encourage people to work willingly and efficiently toaccomplish organisational goals(Elsbach, 2014). It further helps in guiding andmotivating people.
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