Human Resource Management Assignment : Sainsbury company

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Human resourcemanagement
Table of ContentsINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................1TASK 1............................................................................................................................................1P1 Purposes and various functions of Human resource management....................................1P2 Strengths & weaknesses of several approaches to recruitment & selection.....................3TASK 2............................................................................................................................................4P3 Advantages of HRM practices in the establishment for both the employer & employee4P4 Evaluation of Human resource management practice effectiveness in increasing therevenue of the business...........................................................................................................7TASK 3............................................................................................................................................7P5 Need of employee relations in influencing decision making in HRM..............................7P6 Key factors of employment laws and its influence on Human resource managementdecision making......................................................................................................................9TASK 4............................................................................................................................................9P7 Application of HRM practices in work affiliated context.................................................9CONCLUSION..............................................................................................................................14REFERENCES..............................................................................................................................14Appendix........................................................................................................................................16
INTRODUCTIONHuman resource management practices are important in an organisation to make effectiveHR planning so as to ensure availability of best individual and avoid the shortages of workforce(Aust, Brandl and Keegan, 2015).There are various practices in HRM like recruitment,selection, managing work life balance, training, learning, development, compensation andrewards. These are beneficial in resourcing the relevant talent and retaining them for meeting theoperational requirement of the company. Recruitment is basically the process which involvessearching and hiring best, well qualified, appropriate candidate for the vacant place or job in thefirm. This study is based on Sainsbury company which is located in UK and is engaged ingrocery products. This report consists of need and different roles of HRM, advantages anddisadvantages of some approaches in recruitment 7 selection, merits of its practices, significanceof employee relation in decision-making and few examples of human resource managementpractices in working context in a company.TASK 1P1 Purposes and various functions of Human resource managementOverview of the company-Sainsbury is one of the leading retailer in food and groceries in United Kingdom. It is apublic ltd firm and is oldest in the food chain retailers. There are various supermarkets and retailstores of the company around the world. It has its main office at Holborn city, London.Sainsbury was founded in 1869 in partnership by John James Sainsbury and Drury Lanerespectively. It became second largest chain in United Kingdom market area and competed withthe companies like Tesco and Asda in supermarkets.Purposes and functions of HRM -Human resource department performs a range of roles within an establishment. It is therole and responsibility of the HR unit to hire and fire workers, provide training, managing workrelations and complying the operation with employment legislations(Edwards and et. al., 2016).Important functions and their purposes are given as follows-Recruitment & selection:- Recruitment is a process of searching applicants andencourage them to apply for job on the other hand selection is a procedure for selecting bestindividuals and providing them job. It oversees role of hiring and recruiting to accomplish the1
need of human resource in the establishment. This is one of the most important function ofHuman resource department in Sainsbury as it recruits, screens, take interviews and selectsqualified individuals for the job positions. This function helps in bringing skilled and competentcandidates within firm and make them understand thepolicies and procedures of company.Training and development:-Training refers to process which offers opportunity toemployees to develop their competencies for the job whereas development consists ofeducational process that is taken up for overall growth of workforce. The purpose of thisfunction is to update the individuals working in the company with new technologies, new studiesand information(de Almeida-Gomes and et. al., 2016).It is used to remove specific weaknesseswithin the working of the employees. HR function in Sainsbury handles the program of training& development and conducts it when needed for new and existing employees. HRM supervisesthis function to obtain successful results from it. It helps in developing skills and knowledge ofemployees which enables them to perform their work in more effective manner and attainorganisational goals.Employee relation:- It refers to establishment's efforts to develop and maintain postiverelation with the employees. This function is required in the organisation to strengthen therelationship of employee and employer in the establishment. In Sainsbury, Human resource teamexecutes this role by discovering the problems among workforce, solving them in the workplace,measuring the level of satisfaction in individuals, providing assistance andnecessary informationto performance management system of company.Performance Appraisal:- It is an organized and periodic process that rates the workforceexcellence in context of current job. The purpose of performance appraisal in an organisation isto measure the effectiveness of employee and their productivity so as to makedecision regardingemployment actions to be taken, training & development and personnel planning.Sainsbury'sHR manager designs and implements performance appraisals for encouraging employeesperformance and assuring smooth enforcement of activities.Workforce planning:- It is continuous activity which is utilised to link the needs oforganisation with its employees to attain regulatory, product and service requirements andobjectives. It is needed to determine demand and supply of employees in company and plansworkforce accordingly. In Sainsbury, workforce planning approach is used to assure theplacement of right individual in right position.2
Performance management:- It consists of setting expectations for performance ofemployees, monitoring it, providing authenticate feedback and supportive supervision toencourage productivity in the organisation. Purpose of performance management is to boosts theemployee productivity in operations. In Sainsbury, this assessment of this approach concentrateson identifying the issues, providing guidance, analysing specific HRM processes in order to takenecessary actions to address problems.Reward systems:-It refers to set of programs executed by organisations to reward uniqueperformance if individuals and motivate them to enhance their level of performance. The purposeof reward systems is to influence decision of employees to carry out operations and visit theorganisation regularly. In Sainsbury, Human resource department uses reward systems toencourage employee commitment and good performance.P2 Strengths & weaknesses of several approaches to recruitment & selectionRecruitment and selection is an vital operation in Human resource management designedto identify the need of maximising workforce strength to obtain effective results and attainemployer's targets and objectives(Farouk and et. al., 2016).This function is performed byhuman resource department in an organisation.Recruitment- It is the procedure that is used to bring together all the qualified job seekers fromthe population to apply for the job position in the company. Sainsbury make use of both thefollowing methods to search for desired candidate for specific job profile-Recruitment methods-Internal recruitment-It is the method of recruiting the individual from within theorganisation. The examples of internal ways of recruitment are promotion, transfers, demotion,retirement, etc.MeritsDemeritsIt assists in making better assessment ofemployees abilities.It motivates the individual forproviding better performances.It leads to morale problem among theemployees who are not promoted.Leads to politics in the work cultureand disturb the working environment.3
External recruitment- It is the method of hiring individual from the outside environmentof the company(Wilsens and et. al., 2016).Examples of this method includes advertisements,campus recruitment, placement agents, labour contracts, consultancies, etc.StrengthsWeaknessesBrings new talent in the company.It is faster method as compared withtraining and development.May cause employee morale issues inthe internal environment of the firm.It is a time consuming & costly method.Selection-It is the process utilised by HR manager to make use of particular instruments toselect appropriate candidate from the pool of job seekers(Williams and Lee, 2016).Selection methods-Sainsbury mostly uses the selection techniques such as Group exercises andinterviews for choosing the relevant individual for the vacant jobs profile. Other kinds ofselection methods alludes presentations, aptitude tests, application forms, psychometric tests, etc.Group exercises-It is an assessment technique which allows the recruiters to examine theapplicants for job application in the establishment.AdvantagesDisadvantagesIt assists in gaining valuable insights of thecandidates.Helps in evaluating the behaviour of individualin teams.It favours the extroverts and demotivateintroverts.It is beneficial for certain positions only.Interviews-It is face to face, personal appraisal and observance technique whichevaluates the job seeker for the role of an employee in the organisation.StrengthsWeaknessesIt removes communication barriers and aids inselecting suitable candidate.It is possible to rectify any speech mistakeeasily.Less availability of time can affect the qualityof interview process.Interview process may be affected by the biasesof interviewer.TASK 2P3 Advantages of HRM practices in the establishment for both the employer & employeeIn an organisation, HR manager make use of human resource practices to strengthenbusiness functions and provide a better platform for the individuals to showcase their talents by4
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