ICT (Information & Communication Technology) Assignment

Added on - 16 May 2020

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RUNNING HEAD:Information and communication technologyINFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGYUse of ICT in developing countries
Use of ICT in developing countries1To what extent is information and communication technologyeffectively used for teaching indeveloping countries?Information and communication technology is defined as the digital development of theapplication through technologies that focuses on empowering the children in the developingcountries. The role of ICT in education sector plays a very vital role that enables to empower thetechnology using several technologies. Education sector is considered to be most effective areawhich helps to reduce the negative impact of ICT and internet has been proved as one of themost effective way to enhance and groom students’ knowledge. ICT plays a very significant rolein education sector, and one must be aware of the strategies required to implement thetechnologies in such field. ICT not only groom the children but it also helps to improve thewhole educational process in terms of success and growth and illiteracy. The main aim of ICT ineducation sector is to implement strategies that will further provide new trends and prospects inthe minds of students (Khan, 2012). Thus, this essay will argue that there is a positive impact ofICT on teaching in developing countries because it can reduce the digital divide, solve globalchallenges and help in training of professionals.Use of ICT will help in reducing the digital divide. Digital divide is an issue regardingthe difference between the amount of information between those who can access the internet andthose who cannot (Inetrnetworld, 2017). The availability of the internet at a low cost and highquality is the main issue regarding the ICT. Digital divide is the gap between the rich and poorusing digital platform. For example, students who are studying in low income school arerestricted to adequate access to technology and hinders themselves from learning the tech skills.Similarly, those who are studying in high schools have more access to internet and they are moreaware about the updates. The use of internet plays a major role in learning and career. Loweconomic status create unfair digital divide and thus it fails to create professionalism as well.Today developed countries are more equipped than the developing countries which creates theproblem. The use of internet with maximum speed in developed country is very high and themobile usage is in trend but when it comes to developing countries, it is still lacking behind.Reducing the gap between those who can access and those who cannot can create a betterenhancement of the country because it will ultimately increase the GDP rate of the country and
Use of ICT in developing countries2also increment in the more number of professionals. Moreover, implanting ICT tools indeveloping countries can help in improving the economy equality as well as economic growth.So narrowing the concept of digital divide can help in broadening the digital participation of thepeople. It should focus on the transformation rather than focusing on the technology (Bertot,2010).The other impact can be seen i.e. global challenges. There are several global challengesfaced by the developing countries like growing rate of population and the issue of poverty,decrement in the quality life of the poor people in the developing countries, challenges faced dueto global warming and hurdles in government transparency and cooperation (Atkinson, 2009).Let us consider the issue of illiteracy as a major example. Illiteracy is the stage where a personcannot read and write due to some poor economic condition and education plays as a greatbarrier the issue of illiteracy. If proper education will be provided to every illiterate, they wouldcreate a platform for themselves and involve themselves in improving the quality life as well. Togain education, ICT tools available will help them. They can explore on the internet and get newideas of how to access training for themselves or how to achieve literacy goals. They can readusing these tools and educate themselves.Today internet plays a major role in the life of student and providing training to theprofessionals. They are totally dependent on the internet for any resources required. There aremany problems faced in education institutions and in order to eradicate all those problems,schools have opted digital media transformation technology where student scan have blogs onthe internet of their own. For example, there are professionals who are not well trained and areunaware of the technology. This will create a problem for the students. But if these technologiesare well known by the professionals by providing proper training then it will help students.Students can write or create anything like poems, stories, and article and express their viewsonline which will generate their interest and reduce their time in searching unnecessary sites.With the help of it, students will gain information in bulk and they can create their web whichwill be beneficial for future. The active initiation and participation of institutes in ICT will createthe goodwill and image of the schools and also help in creating a professionalism as well (Kaka,2008)The main motivator of the ICT implementation are the teachers in the schools and theymust be aware of all the new updates in the teaching activities. Teachers must know all the new
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