HIV Transmission Due To A Discarded Needle - Report

Added on - 30 Sep 2019

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If a child gets stuck by a needle which had been discarded in a park, then yes there is a risk forHIV transmission.The risk is low.The rationale for assessment of risk is that when the blood is passed from the needle stick injury,the quantity of blood is smaller as compared to blood injection when injecting equipment isshared. It has been estimated in various researches and studies that blood that was injected due toneedle stick injury was one-seventh of the blood quantity when the blood injecting equipmentwas shared. The likelihood of the infection is more when the deep injection is inserted, but therehas not been any consistent pattern found for the needle stick injury that can cause the infectionof HIV. Also, The Department of Health’s guidance on PEP following needle stick injuries givesan estimate of the average risk for HIV transmission after percutaneous exposure to HIV-infected blood of 3 per 1000 injuries (0.3%), or of 1 per 1000 (0.1%) after mucocutaneousexposure. There is no risk of HIV transmission where the intact skin is exposed to HIV-infectedblood (Wicker, 2014).The factors which are needed to know to help make a decision about how risky the scenario wasare: how deep injury did the child had, was there any visible blood on the needle that causedinjury to the child, did the child got hurt in his artery or vein and did the child showed terminalHIV-related illness.Reference:Wicker, S., Stirn, A.V., Rabenau, H.F., von Gierke, L., Wutzler, S. and Stephan, C., 2014.Needlestick injuries: causes, preventability, and psychological impact.Infection,42(3), pp.549-552.
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