(PDF) The Impact of Motivation on Job Satisfaction

Added on - 28 Dec 2019

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RESEARCHPROJECT
TABLE OF CONTENTSCHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION.....................................................................................................1Research project description........................................................................................................1Research aim and objectives........................................................................................................1Rationale of the study..................................................................................................................2Structure of the research..............................................................................................................2Gantt chart...................................................................................................................................3CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW..........................................................................................4Theories related to motivation.....................................................................................................4Importance of enhancing employee motivation..........................................................................6Factors affecting employee's motivation or satisfaction..............................................................6Effect of motivation on job satisfaction.......................................................................................7CHAPTER 3: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY...........................................................................10Introduction................................................................................................................................10Research philosophy..................................................................................................................10Research approach.....................................................................................................................10Research strategy.......................................................................................................................11Data collection methods............................................................................................................11Population, sample and sampling method.................................................................................11Validity and reliability of research instruments.........................................................................12Ethical consideration.................................................................................................................12Limitation of research method...................................................................................................12Data analysis..............................................................................................................................12Resources and time plan............................................................................................................12CHAPTER - 4 DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS...........................................................13
Findings from the questionnaire................................................................................................13Interpretation..............................................................................................................................18CHAPTER – 5 CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS.................................................26REFERENCES..............................................................................................................................27APPENDIX....................................................................................................................................30Research project description......................................................................................................33Research aim and objectives......................................................................................................34Rationale of the study................................................................................................................34Structure of the research............................................................................................................34
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTIONResearch project descriptionThe major aim of this study is to investigate the impact of employee motivation on thejob satisfaction. The project highlights the fact that motivational aspects can influence thebehaviour of the employees. It is essential that workers should be appreciated or rewarded for thecontribution that they are delivering to the company. Hence this topic can prove to be a veryinteresting research point. Due to increasing competition, aspects like motivation, job satisfactionand employee performance have become very crucial for the firms (Albrecht, 2012). They expectto retain best of their individuals and gain maximum from them.This topic has been selected in order to find out more details about the relationshipbetween motivation and job satisfaction. This research study has the potential to find out themajor reasons why workers remain dissatisfied from their jobs. It identifies the methods throughwhich satisfaction among the people can be increased (Roberts, 2013). It talks about the differentmotivational theories. These theories answer to the questions “what” motivates the employeesand “why” do they behave in a certain way. The research is being performed within the contextof McDonaldsResearch aim and objectivesThe major aim of the research is to evaluate the influence of employee motivation on thejob satisfaction within the context of McDonalds, Station Road, Harrow, UK.Following objectives have been laid down in order to achieve the above framed aim:To examine the theories related to motivation and their association with job satisfactionTo investigate the level of employee motivation at McDonald’sTo determine the level of job satisfaction at McDonaldsTo analyse the impact of employee motivation on job satisfaction at McDonald’s1
Rationale of the studyThe goal of the research is to highlight the importance of job satisfaction and itsconnection with the employees working within the organization. Further it talks about theimportance of motivation at the workplace. In the present context, talented employees are treatedas the assets of business. Efforts are made to retain them for a longer period so that company canmake valuable use of them (Hakala, 2008). There can be many factors which can affect their jobsatisfaction and their respective behaviour within the company. From the academic point of viewthis study holds a great importance. The readers can get an intellectual view of the motivationaltheories, factors affecting job satisfaction and the methods of increasing the motivation foremployees. From the corporate point of view, it can be said that this research work will stateabout the motivational techniques and approaches which can be used by the employers(Armstrong, 2012). Further it will be interesting to know that how job satisfaction is correlated tomotivation.Structure of the researchStructure of the research is as follows:Chapter 1 IntroductionThis chapter states the area of the research. The clear purpose and rational is defined.Apart from that the research background, issue and the problem statement are also discussed.Within this chapter only, the research objectives are framed. It sets down the basis for furtherdiscussion.Chapter 2 Literature ReviewThis chapter includes the past research findings. The theories and concepts related withthe topic are discussed critically. The main purpose is to find out the research gaps. An effort ismade to establish a link between the existing literature and the research.Chapter 3 Research Design & MethodologyIt talks about the approaches and instruments which are used in collecting the data for theresearch. It is important because it point out the direction for the research. The reasons behinduse of different research tool will be explained along with proper justification.Chapter 4 Data Collection and Analysis2
This chapter shows the evaluation of the data collected for the study. The outcomes andconclusion are based on this chapter only. A suitable technique of evaluation has been used forthe study. It will help in producing valuable results.Gantt chartSr. No.ActivitiesList of activitiesWeeksPreceding activities1AMeeting with supervisor12BCompletion of proposal1A3CSubmission of proposal2B4DApproval of supervisor1C5EReview of previous literature5D6FCollection of data4D7GAnalysis of data4E,F8HInterpretation of data3G9IDrafting the complete project4E, H10JReviewing the complete project2I11KFinalizing the project1J12LSubmission of the project1K3
CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEWUnder this chapter past research findings are included. The theories and concepts relatedwith the topic are discussed in critical manner. The main purpose is to find out the research gapsso that main objective can be established. An effort is made to establish a link between theexisting literature and the research.Theories related to motivationMaslow Hierarchy of needsThe theory was proposed by Abram Maslow in the year 1943. It states that an individualis having certain types of needs which are satisfied level after level (Pulakos, 2009). Those needscan be described as follows:Physiological Needs4Figure1: Maslow Hierarchy of needs(Source: Eyal and Roth, 2011)
According to Trerise, (2010), these are some basic needs of an employee which can beexpected to be fulfilled from the company. For example, employees can be motivated throughoffering basic facilities such as shelter, water, food, good working condition, salary etc.Safety NeedsIt is associated with protection and security of an individual. The needs include living insafe area, financial services, retirement plan, job security etc.Social needsAccording to Tucker, (2013), the social needs includes more of emotional aspects of anemployee. It includes needs like family, love, friends, affection, socialism etc. Within the contextof the business, an employee expect to work at a company where he can find friendly workingconditions.Esteem needsThe self-esteem needs are related with self-respect, recognition, attention, goodreputation etc. It is about holding a good social status within the society.Self-actualizationAccording toCattermole, Johnson and Roberts, (2013),it is considered as the search ofreaching one’s full potential as an individual. It includes needs such as truth, justice, wisdom,meaning etc. It can be very difficult to achieve because it is stage of harmony and intensehappiness.Herzberg theory of motivationThe theory has been proposed by Fredrick Herzberg. In order to understand the employeemotivation, he performed a study and concluded that there are two factors which causes jobsatisfaction and dissatisfaction.Satisfaction factors – motivatorsDissatisfaction factors – hygieneAchievementAdvancementGrowthRecognitionResponsibility (Evans, 2010)Work itselfCompany policyRelationship with bossRelationship with co-workersSalarySupervisionWork environment (Görgens-Albino5
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