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P1 Impact of Culture, Power And Politics

Added on - 08 Dec 2020

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ORGANISATIONALBEHAVIOUR
Table of ContentsINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................1LO1..................................................................................................................................................1P1 Impact of culture, power and politics on individual as well on organisation....................1LO2..................................................................................................................................................3P2 Content and process theory of motivation to achieve organisational goals......................3Features of Goal Setting Theory.............................................................................................5LO3..................................................................................................................................................6P3 Theories which makes effective team opposed to ineffective team and developmenttheories which support the development of dynamic cooperation........................................6LO4..................................................................................................................................................9P4 organisational concepts and philosophies which influence the behaviour of individual andorganisation............................................................................................................................9CONCLUSION..............................................................................................................................11REFERENCES..............................................................................................................................12
INTRODUCTIONOrganisational behaviour provides an understanding of human behaviour that why theybehave as they do in the organisation. It helps to study on the complex nature of the humanbeings in the company for identifying the effects and causes of the behaviour. A David companylimited provides distribution and production of the vegetables, fruits and bakery items and theydelivered it on the daily basis to the hotels and restaurants. This report will study on the impactof the organisational behaviour culture, power, politics of individuals in the organisation. It willmotivate individuals and team to achieve goals and objectives. There are different types of teamand team development theories and factors for the organisation. Business situation is given forapplying the concepts and philosophies of the organisational behaviour.LO1P1 Impact of culture, power and politics on individual as well on organisation.There are various factors which affect the performance of employees as well as impact onfirm.Impact of organisational cultureCulture of different employee are different in the organisation as all employees are fromdifferent backgrounds and culture. A David & co's organisational culture is something whichrepresents the beliefs, customs, religion, ideologues, practice s and police followed by employeewhich direct them to work and to behave with each other. the work culture which provided by ADavid & co and it is is a common platform through which all employees can unite and work incommon direction.(Landells and Albrecht, 2017). Organisational culture is basically a termwhich defined the beliefs, assumptions, behaviour which contribute to unique psychological andsocial environment.The organisational culture is explained using Handy's model of culture1.Power culture-all the employees are required to follow the orders of their superiors. Asthey have authority to give orders to their subordinates. Power is something which help in fastdecision making. superiors sometimes delegate they authority at different levels to theirsubordinate sp that work can be done on time and they will be able to achieve their goal.2.Person culture-All the policies and strategies made by authorities by keeping in mindthe culture of all employees that no employee get hurt or get dissatisfied.To earn full potential1
efforts from employee it is necessary for managers to satisfy the all employees by not hurtingtheir sentiments and culture norms.3.Task culture-this is a culture where team, of 4 to 5 members are formed to accomplishthe task. The team members having common interest and goal and they come together to work ina team .all individual contribute equally to accomplish the task given in innovative way.A David& Co follows task culture that helps business in retaining its staff and motivating them inefficient manner.4.Role culture-it is delegation the roles responsibilities to individuals according to theireducational qualification, specialization .this culture is adopted to clarify the roles and taskswhich every individual has to perform.Some power of organisational individuals which are mentioned below which directly orindirectly affect the David & co.In task culture company gives different task to its workers onthe bases of their skills and abilities. With the help of this culture, company becomes able tosatisfy its employees. As people get job as per their capabilities thus, become able to perform itproperly. This is the best way through which enterprise can manage its productivity and can raiseconfidence of its staff members. This impact positively on business unit.Impact of power and politics1.coercive power-It is also called a punishment power and it is dependent on fear. Theforce which is imposed on employees relates to the punishments and threats.Some higher authorities who play politics are generally pay less attention at workplace whichagain resulting in inefficient performance because these people are mostly interested in behavingirrational and partial and spend their most time in back biting and criticize their fellow workers.Which resulted in failing to achieve targets and goal.(Eyben and et.al., 2015)2.Referent power- this power is something which is based on interpersonal attractions issomething which is based on possession by an individual of any desirable resources . Politics isbasically the activity which consume much of the time of people which result in lowerconcentration towards the work performance and as a result work doesn't get completed on timeand resulting in non achievement of gaols and objectives.These people are more interested in spoiling the image of peoples to discourage them.3.Expertpower- followers are perceiving their agent an expert and they are trusting themthat the expert is valid and whatever they knowledge given by them is valid and relevant.2
4.Legitimate power-this power is based on mutual agreement and position. Somemanagers of A David & co. are using the legitimate power if they are feeling insecure of theirability to influence other employees using their different form of power.Due to political power some employees are not being praised by their bosses and higherauthorities and are not working hard and if they are being promoted-to next level due to politicalrelations which leads in discouraging in demotivating the other employees who are not getpromoted after their so much of efforts as well.A David & Co ensures using positive power and politics. As higher authorities look uponthe performance of each staff and accordingly they promote their employees. This system aids inmotivating people and raise confidence of them towards the firm. They become positive andbecome loyal towards the brand. As there is no favouritism thus, all people perform their workefficiently. On other hand if there is negative power that means if authorities misuse their powerand promote their favourite employees without considering their performance then otheremployees will get negative and that will affect their working performance to great extent.Sometimespolitics increase the stress of employees because it is difficult to workwithout friend at workplace continuous-9 hours, humans are not machines ,they need friendlyenvironment .and employees hesitate to discuss the problem with others in fear of getting thesecrets leaked.Superior sometimes get a wrong picture about what is actually happening in theorganisation which leads to partiality and discouragement of employee of organisation.(Tong,Tak and Wong, 2015.)Though, power and politics have some positive impact also on individual as well onorganisation as power and politic pressure helps employees to work effectively and efficiently inorganisation. .A David & co uses some of its power on their employees to improve theperformance of employees to achieve organisational goal. Sometimes because of powersorganisation authorities are able to solve any internal conflicts which leads to organisedmanagement structure.Organisations overall performance is completely depended on the performance ofemployees As employees are the human resource which brings productivity and maintain thestandards of the quality.Efficient management of all resources including human resources is also helpful in maintainingthe goodwill of the company.(Changand Lin, 2015)3
There is direct impact on individual because of culture, power and the politics. They all relate totheir performance. Effective management of these factors will lead to achieve organisation aswell a individual gaol, and mismanagement of these factors will result in failure of achievementof goals.M1Culture has high impact over individual and team performance. Task culture helps inmaking people satisfied towards the brand and retaining them in firm for longer duration. By thisway people perform well in business and team as well. On other hand if culture of firm is notgood then it will negatively affect individual and team performance. Because employees will notbe comfortable and they will not perform their duties efficiently.D1There is strong relationship between culture, politics, power and motivation. As if cultureof organisation is good then people will be motivated and they will perform well. Whereas ifthere is misuse of power and negative politics then in such condition motivation level of workerswill get affected badly.A David & Co should ensure making people satisfied and have to allot them work on thebases of their capabilities. This will motivate them and they will feel happy. This will raise theirworking efficiency.LO2P2 Content and process theory of motivation to achieve organisational goals.Content Theory Of MotivationContent theory of motivation is concerned with the internal factors that actuate human behaviour.Four most content theories are-Maslow's hierarchy of needsAlderfer's ERG theoryHerzberg's motivator-hygiene theoryMcClelland's learned needs theoryMaslow's hierarchy of needsMaslow's introduces this concept of a hierarchy of needs.By Physiological Needs:These are the biological requirements for human survival, e.g. air,food, drink, shelter, clothing, warmth, sleep. If these needs are not satisfied the human body4
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