Impact of Workload on Nursing Standards

Added on - 21 Jul 2020

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Does multitasking andincreased workloads reducenursing standards
Table of ContentsINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................1Purpose of review........................................................................................................................1Importance of topic......................................................................................................................1Scope of review...........................................................................................................................2Search techniques and literature selection...................................................................................2MAIN BODY..................................................................................................................................3Theme 1: Impact of multitasking and increased workload of nurses on patients........................3Theme 2: Impact of multitasking and increased workload on nurses.........................................4Theme 3: Impact of workload on nursing standards...................................................................5Theme 4: Steps taken by management to increase quality standards..........................................6CONCLUSION................................................................................................................................7Summary of the main arguments.................................................................................................8Research gaps and areas of further research................................................................................8Requirements of research to existing knowledge........................................................................8REFERENCES................................................................................................................................9
Topic:Does multitasking and increased workloads reduce nursing standards?INTRODUCTIONPurpose of reviewThere are various goals pursued by hospital at the same time. These are like providingexcellent services to the patients, high quality of care, operational excellence and retainingemployees for a longer period of time. Hence, it is required to create a good balance betweennursing staff and patients so that ultimate deliverables will be effective enough. One of thecommon method adopted by the management to ensure proper ratio of nursing staff and patientsis work load management. The most challenging task present in front of management is to ensurethat whether capacity of nurses’ match with patient’s requirement in the hospital ward or not(Valiee, Peyrovi and Nikbakht Nasrabadi, 2014). It helps in balancing the available resourcesand using them optimally wherever required the most. It helps in preventing extra cost related toover staffing of nurse in a particular ward.A direct relationship has been found between workload on nurses and patient’s outcomes.It depends upon the quality of care provided by nurses to ultimate service users. Workloadmanagement helps in keeping employees healthy and preventing them from burn out andabsenteeism. It is difficult to determine the workload simply by observation but requires askingnurses to fill out a questionnaire which can carry out questions regarding amount of workavailable and professional mental load on them (McHugh and Stimpfel, 2012).Importance of topicResearch has evidenced that ineffective staffing and patient ratio reduces the quality ofcare extended to ultimate service users. Increased patient nurse’s ratio reduces the amount oftime that every nurse spends on each patient affecting health outcome of patient as well.Negligence of nurse due to presence of workload addresses the common issue related to patient’ssafety. It is quite logical that if the number of patients under one nurse increases then eventually,it will lead the nurse to comprise with requirements of patient’s care and safety. Ineffective nurseand patient ratio leads to increase in the risk of service user’s safety events, morbidity andmortality rate in the hospital due to lack of nursing care given to them (Hwang and Park, 2014).It is important to ascertain impact of workload and multi-tasking on quality of care and nursingstandards provided to nurse. Hence, the main aim of research is:1
“To ascertain the impact ofmultitasking and increased workload on nursing standardsScope of reviewIn order to develop proper understanding regarding the subject matter, it is important toreview the opinionsand researches that have already been conducted by the other researchers.Hence, a secondary examination, based upon the articles extracted through search strategy andinclusion as well as exclusion criteria in it will be conducted. Research articles will be chosen toascertain the researches that will be able to come up with adequate results having directrelationship to the aim of present research (Van Bogaert and et.al., 2013). Anotherimportantaspect that will be covered in the present research is related to presentation of summary basedupon arguments collected from secondary research and reaching to a specific collection that willhave direct relation to subject matter.Search techniques and literature selectionInclusion and exclusion criteria technique will be used to reach to specific articles that canhave direct relationship to chosen topic of relationship between multitasking and nursingstandards provided to the end users (Steyrer and et.al, 2013). PubMed database was used toascertain the results based on keyword, nursing standards, multitasking and workload. In initialstage, 742 articles were drawn which were related to the subject matter. However, articlespublished in between 2013 to 2018 were only used to gather latest data regarding the subjectmatter (Tappenden and et.al., 2013). Hence, it helped in reducing the number of articles to 173.Out of all, 72 potential articles were chosen which were short listed to 8 articles at the end thatwere used for the purpose of study and gather adequate amount of results regarding impact ofmultitasking and increased workload on nursing standards.2
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