Implementing and Monitoring WHS Policies
Added on - 28 May 2020
Showing pages 1 to 8 of 33 pages
Running head: IMPLEMENTING AND MONITORING WHS POLICIESImplementing and Monitoring WHS PoliciesName of the StudentName of the UniversityAuthor note
1IMPLEMENTING AND MONITORING WHS POLICIESAnswer to Question 1:Provisions of WHS legislation that is relevant to Australian workplacesManaging risk to health and safety, including risk assessment and control– TheWork Health and Safety Act applies to all the workplaces at South Australia. TheCode of practice are also applicable. The duty to manage work health and safety risksunder South Australia’s laws is placed on the persons who are conducting anundertaking or a business. The risk management process constitutes of four steps.Firstly, one has to identify the hazardous issues that could cause harm to the businessor at the workplaces. Secondly, the risk must be assessed. One must understand thenature of the harm that could be caused by the hazardous issues (Chan-Mok,Caponecchia, and Winder 2014). It also depends on how serious the type of harm isand what damage it could cause at the workplace. Lastly, the control measures shouldbe reviewed to ensure that the procedure is working according to the plan. Selectedcontrol measures must be applied to manage risk to health and safety.Protecting people at work from injury and illness, including psychological injury–The concept of psychological injury occurs due to the work stress. To make sure thatthe psychological health and injury of work is maintained the workers should be givena clear job description, should be made aware of their roles and responsibilities,should not be over burdened with work, demonstrate zero tolerance of workplaceharassment and bullying (Sarafino and Smith 2014).Protecting the health and safety of the public in workplaces– The Work Health AndSafety Act has provisions and rules for the protection of health and safety of thepublic in workplaces (Loeppkeet al.2015). Workers dealing with physical, chemicaland biological risks are provided equipments that can be used.
2IMPLEMENTING AND MONITORING WHS POLICIESConsulting workers and encouraging participation in maintaining WHS, includingthe establishment of health and safety committees– Employees must consult withthe workers and the workers should encourage the participation of theirs inmaintaining the work health safety rules. Committees must be established for dealingwith the process of consultation.Providing rehabilitation and maximum recovery for injured workers –The WorkHealth and Saftey Act provides rehabilitation and arrangements of recovery forinjured workers (Hood, Hardy and Simpson 2016). Lump sum amount is provided forwork related damage or injury. Rehabilitation programs are also given to the injuredworkers.Training in safe operating procedures– Safety procedures must be provided to theworkers when they are trained. Proper safe equipments should be used while carryingout the work.Procedures for workplaces hazard– Procedures are followed for workplaces hazard.All employees have obligations and responsibilities to comply with the workplacehealth and safety policies (De Cieri 2015).Emergency and evacuation procedures- Every workplace or organizations must havean evacuation plan that shows how to exit a building safely during an emergency.Every worker should be aware of the escape plan in case of emergencies.Requirement for maintenance and confidentiality of records of occupational injuryand disease– There are records of the occupational injury and disease in a workplace.These records must be maintained for further use if needed.
3IMPLEMENTING AND MONITORING WHS POLICIESAnswer to Question 2:Provisions of WHS regulation that is relevant to Australian workplacesIdentifying hazards– Hazard is something that causes injury or illness. Hazards canbe identified if a safety check needs to be conducted before the worker starts workingwith a new client (Coenenet al.2017). Information must be obtained about hazardsfrom referring agencies, workers must be encouraged to report hazards and records ofincidents or injuries must be checked.Perform risk assessment for some risk– Risk assessment decides the level of riskthat is associated with a hazard. The level of risk should be estimated. Considerationshould be done on the nature of the hazard, how the nature of the hazard might affectthe health and safety of the workers, location of the hazard and how long the workersare exposed to the hazards.Risk control measures– Control measures are to be adopted to for decreasing thelevel of hazards (Salin 2015). Once hazards are identified, actions should be taken toeliminate the hazard and reduce the risk. The most effective measures should beadopted for controlling risk.Answer to Question 3:Provisions of WHS codes of practices that is relevant to Australian workplacesCompliance information– The business in Australia are required to comply with theWorkplace Health and Safety legislation. According to the legislation, safe businesspremises must be provided, security risks are to be mitigated and measures must beimplemented for promoting safety and controlling risks, facilities ensured must besecured and safe.Practical advice to organizations, employers and workers in specific industries tohelp them meet their obligations- Work health and safety obligations applies to all
4IMPLEMENTING AND MONITORING WHS POLICIESthe workers in an industry. If the obligations are not met, it puts people’s health andlives at risk. Workers must be familiar with the laws of obligations.Practical guidance for people who have WHS duties– Practical training should begiven to the people who have work health and safety duties (McInnes 2017). Withoutproper guidance, individuals will not be able to carry out the duties.Explanations of how to apply the standards required under the act– There are codesof practice that can be applied and approved under the Work Health and Safety Act.The WHS Act also provides for consultation and participation to further the objectsthe Act. The legislation of WHS differs across Australian states and territories.Explanations of effective ways to identify and manage risk– Effective measuresshould be adopted to reduce the probability of risks. Suitable aids for outdoor tasksshould be provided to manage the level of risk. Risks can be identified by the natureand status of the work.Answer to Question no. 4:Examples of organizational WHS policies, procedures or programsHandling hazardous chemicals– According to the regulations of the Work Healthand Safety Act, hazardous chemicals is referred to as a substance or mixture thatsatisfies the criteria of one or more globally classification of chemicals. It is generallya mixture of dangerous and harmful chemicals that are used in the workplaces orlaboratories and harmful to people (Pohanish 2017). The WHS Regulations also hascertain restrictions on using a few chemicals except in specified conditions.Acquisition, use, storage and disposal of chemical– Proper apparatus are used atworkplaces to work properly and reduce the level of risk. Goods and other materialsmust be stored in a proper way in go down and storage (Omai, Kamanzi and Makori2015). Dangerous chemicals should not be disposed off in such a way to harm the
5IMPLEMENTING AND MONITORING WHS POLICIESnature or individuals. Chemicals must be disposed or thrown away in such a way thatdoes not harm anyone or anything.Alcohol and drug intoxication– According to the policies of WHS, managers oforganizations need to take drug and consume alcohol training for the identification ofrelated issues (Frone and Trinidad 2014). Drug and alcohol awareness is mandatory inevery organization. Intoxicated drugs and alcohol are banned since it affects the brainof individuals.Consultative arrangements in the workplace– Consultative arrangements are madein the workplace so that duties and activities of individuals can be coordinated withother duty holders. For effective health and safety, consultation is necessary and hasgreater awareness and commitment. The result of consultative arrangements leads towhat impact it has on health and safety (Mendelssohn 2017). The process ofconsultation takes place with the help of meetings. In the meeting, hazards, changes,feedback issues, review of WHS plans are discussed.Emergency and evacuation procedures– For emergency planning it is vital thatworkers have an evacuation plan. Emergency situation include security, medical, fireand motor vehicle (Butler 2016). Therefore, it is essential to include emergencyprocedures in the staff induction process. Training is also provided to them.Family friendly workplace arrangements– Working in an organization should notfeel burdened. A workplace must have friendly arrangements so that the workers canwork comfortably. Co-workers must be friendly, working hours should be same forevery worker. No workers should face any kind of harassment or bullying at theorganization.First aid and medical treatment– Effective medical treatment and first aid should bekept in a workplace if any worker is injured. Medical arrangements are kept ready at
6IMPLEMENTING AND MONITORING WHS POLICIESworkplaces for emergency. Workers deal with hazardous chemicals and dangerousequipments which might hurt or injure them during the procedure. Therefore, first aidand medical treatment should be present in an organization.Hazard identification, reporting and management– Identifying any foreseeablehazard that can harm anyone in a workplace should be assessed and eliminatedimmediately. The cause, seriousness and risk of the hazard should be identified aswell so that it does not occur again. The incident reporting and investigation programplays a critical role in controlling and preventing the injuries by giving a mechanismto identify trends long before they result in injury. Although eliminating the risk isnot always an option. Reporting and controlling it is more important (Reese 2015).The Work Health and Safety Risk Management Policy provide information legislativerequirements, implementing the risk management, responsibilities and takingresponsibilities. Every work related injuries caused due to chemical, physical andbiological hazards in the workplace must be reported to the workplace supervisor.Risk assessment and control processes– The process of risk assessment consists ofthe results of someone being exposed to a hazard. A risk assessment determines howhazardous the risk is, whether existing control measures are valuable, what kind ofaction should be taken to control a risk and how immediately the action needs to betaken (Bahr 2014). A risk assessment should include identifying the factors that iscontributing to the risk. Secondly, Health and safety information that is available froma source and is relevant to a particular hazard must be reviewed. Thirdly, the hazardmust be evaluated and concluded on how severe the harm could be. It must also takeinto account the number of people exposed and the possible effects of the hazards.Fourthly, what kind of harm can be caused to the workers must be evaluated. Fifthly,the likelihood of the occurring harm should be determined. Therefore, after
7IMPLEMENTING AND MONITORING WHS POLICIESidentifying the actions, reasonable steps should be taken to control the risk of thehazards (Zhang60 2014). The records of the caused hazard must also be maintained.There are three steps of controlling the hazards after they are being identified. Thefirst step is to eliminate the hazards. The second step is to substitute the hazard withsomething safer and better, isolate the hazard from people and decrease the riskthrough engineering controls. The third step is to reduce the level of exposure to thehazard using administrative actions.Incident investigations– For the Work Health and Safety Incident Investigationinvolves identifying hazards, risk assessment and controlling the risk. The WHSincident investigation course is set up to assist and participate in the investigationprocess of the incidents. It involves a two day course for investigation. The first dayconstitutes a training program designed to equip the basics of investigation in theworkplace (Purser and McAllister 2016). It allows people to meet the legislativerequirements and participate in investigations at the workplace. The second dayincludes a nationally certificate IV level unit of competency code. The trainingencompasses full assessment of the unit.Work life balance– The work life balance depends on individuals. The individualchoices enable businesses and workers to supervise and interact between work and thedemands of life that affects health, families and communities. The key of work lifebalance us to achieve flexible work and leave arrangements for every worker (Russo,Shteigman and Carmeli 2016). For workers, the policies of work life balance makesmanaging work and life demands possible by allowing them to work in non-traditional work patterns and locations. The interests in the policies and practices thatare addressing the work life balance is governed by demographic factors such asageing population, shortage of labor and less participation in the workforce.