Importance of Minerals and Vitamins in Human Body

Added on - Apr 2021

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Running head: IMPORTANCE OF MINERALS AND VITAMINS IN HUMAN BODYIMPORTANCE OF MINERALS AND VITAMINS IN HUMAN BODYName of the StudentName of the UniversityAuthor note
IMPORTANCE OF MINERALS AND VITAMINS IN HUMAN BODY1Essential nutrients are a category of nutrients, which the human body cannot prepare byitself and requires external sources to replenish the body with such nutrients. Minerals andvitamins are such essential nutrients that are required for completion of several crucial pathwaysinside the human body (Mann and Truswell 2017). Therefore, the prime aim of this assignmentto point out importance of these inorganic (minerals) and organic (vitamins) essential nutrientsand discuss some unknown facts about them. For further discussion, iron has been selected as therequired mineral and Vitamin B12 has been selected as the essential vitamin.MineralIron is an important mineral needed for several important aspects of human body. Bycombing to several proteins, or taking part in few physiological reactions, iron helps for thedevelopment of human cells (Prasad 2013).FunctionsThe primary function of iron inside human body is in the formation of red blood cells inthe human body. IT binds the oxygen molecules and helps the red blood cells to transport oxygenfor the cellular function to the entire body. Further in the muscle cells, with myoglobin, it helpsin the storage, transfer and release of oxygen in the muscle tissues. Further, it helps to promotehealthy brain functions and maintains healthy immune system (Abbaspour, Hurrell and Kelishadi2014).SourcesDepending on the type of iron found, the iron sources are divided into two sections, haemgroup and non-haem group. The haem group contains animal sources of iron such as meat, red
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