MGT8031 - Global issues in employment relations
Added on - 14 Nov 2019
Running head: INCREASING UNEMPLOYMENT IN AUSTRALIAIncreasing Unemployment in AustraliaName of the Student:Name of the University:Author’s Note:
1INCREASING UNEMPLOYMENT IN AUSTRALIAIntroductionThe four articles introduce the increasing rate of unemployment in Australia. In spite ofhaving adequate labor force and population, Australia is encountering unemployment. Thearticles discusses the various reasons of Australia facing unemployment.Article 1Citation:Mavromaras, K., Sloane, P. and Wei, Z., 2015. The scarring effects of unemployment,low pay and skills under-utilization in Australia compared. Applied economics, 47(23), pp.2413-2429Introduction:The article by Mavromaras, Sloane and Wei reviews the potential reasons ofincreasing rate of unemployment in Australia for the past years. The article reviews that one ofthe potential issues that are increasing the rate of unemployment in Australia is lack ofappropriate skills. Inadequate skills are resulting in the low wage of the workers that are makingit difficult for them to continue the standard of living. Therefore, one of the scarring effects ofincreasing rate of unemployment in Australia includes lack of skills. As the industries are unableto find skillful and qualified workers, they are hesitant in recruiting the workers.Research Methods:The authors’ gathered relevant data from confidentiality unit record filefrom the first 10 years of Household, Income and Labor Dynamics in Australia. The inclusioncriteria for data collection were 16-64 years for male and 16-59 years for females. Moreover,approximately 6000 observations were considered per wave over ten years. The criteria of lowpaid employment were determined by considering the two-thirds of the median gross hourlywage as the threshold.
2INCREASING UNEMPLOYMENT IN AUSTRALIAAim:The primary aim of the research is to emphasize on the scarring effects of unemploymentin terms of low wage and skills. Moreover, the inclusion criteria used by the researcher aregender and educational pathways that determine the rate of unemployment among the Australianpeople. It has been that lack of adequate skills is resulting in low wage thereby, leading tounemployment. As the industries in Australia are unable to find workers that match theirrequirement in terms of skills and experience, the industries are either not hiring the workers orhiring them with the low wage. This is eventually resulting in increasing rate of unemployment.Scope:This article is useful to my research topic as Mavromaras, Sloane and Wei (2015)suggests that there are various reasons that affect the rate of unemployment in Australia such asthe shutdown of potential industries along with low wage. Additionally, the article will also helpin evaluating the potential reason of lack of skillful and experienced workers in Australia.Moreover, the article will also help in analyzing the scarring effect of unemployment on thepeople in Australia.Usefulness:The research is useful as this emphasizes on the impacts of low skill and low wageon unemployment.Limitation:However, one of the limitations of the research is that only secondary data has beenused as data collection method. Therefore, the researchers suggest that extensive research needsto be undertaken for developing a deeper understanding of increasing rate of unemployment inAustralia. The authors have only collected data from secondary resources thereby, narrowing thescope of data collection. The data collected is based only on the statistics over the past 10-year’stenure. As the researchers did not consider any primary source such as interviewing and survey,the research fails to include the viewpoint and opinions of the unemployed people.
3INCREASING UNEMPLOYMENT IN AUSTRALIAConclusion:It can be concluded that lack of skills are resulting in low wage for the employeesin Australia due to which unemployment is increasing with passing days. As the employees arenot satisfied with the pay scale, they tend to leave the job opportunities.Reflection:This article will not form the basis of my research but it will be usefulsupplementary for my research work. This is because only relying on and considering currentresearch will narrow the scope of conducting extensive research thereby, leaving certain aspectsof the research undiscovered.Article 2Citation:Abdelkerim, A.A. and Grace, M., 2012. Challenges to employment in newly emergingAfrican communities in Australia: A review of the literature. Australian Social Work, 65(1),pp.104-119.Introduction:In the article by Abdelkerim and Grace (2012), the author highlights the potentialchallenges encountered by African immigrants in Australia. Unemployment is noticed for bothAfrican immigrants along with the natives of Australia with African origin. Additionally, theresearch also explores the primary reasons that NEAC community people encounter suchchallenges in terms of employment. Moreover, during the recession, the NEAC communitypeople face more discriminations in terms of employment in spite of having Australiancitizenship.Research Methods:The authors have collected data from 50 local and international studies. Thematrix created helped in detailing the potential challenges faced by the African community in thedifferent studies. The researcher for gathering data considered electronic databases, specificjournals in terms of increasing rate of unemployment in Australia and reputable websites. The 50