Infection Control - Assignment


Added on  2021-02-20

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Disease and Disorders
Introductionwe are from group The group discussion is about Infection Control.Raza (2010, 23-47); St John (2018, p. 255-73) stated that Infection is causedby pathogens ('bugs') such as bacteria, viruses, protozoa or fungi getting into or ontothe body. It can take some time before the microbes multiply enough to triggersymptoms of illness so Infection controlin the workplace aims to prevent pathogensfrom coming into contact with a person in the first place which helps to minimise therisk ofinfectionto patients, staff and visitors (Pearce, Jones, Fleischfresser, Davis, Jonesand Lieske, 2018, pp335-50) . All nurses are trained to prevent the spread of infectious diseases, infection controlnurses specifically specialize in preventing the spread of infectious agents such as thatof viruses and bacteria (Infection control nurse, 2019). gave that With no two bacteriaalike, infection control nurses work diligently to prevent dangerous outbreaks fromoccurring in a hospital setting. All medical professionals are trained to take standardprecautions that include hand hygiene, use of personal protective equipment, andisolation precautions according to the patient being cared for Herzig and et.al., (2016).Even so, such precautions do not completely eliminate the possibility for infectiousagents to spread. It is an infection control nurse's job to perform and educate others onhow to prevent and contain outbreaks and to prevent further incidents from occurring .https://www.registerednursing.org/specialty/infection-control-nurse/Burnett, (2018) stated that addressinginfection preventionandcontrolincomplex healthcare settings can be challenging. To enablenursestopractisesafely,act as a role model for colleagues and educate patients aboutinfectionpreventionandcontrol, they should ensure that their knowledge and skills are up todate and evidence based .https://journals.rcni.com/nursing-standard/evidence-and-practice/effective-infection-prevention-and-control-the-nurses-role-ns.2018.e11171/absOgoina and et.al., (2016, p 16-22) stated Standard precautions are a set ofinfection control practices used to prevent transmission of diseases that can beacquired by contact with blood, body fluids, non-intact skin (including rashes), andmucous membranes. These measures are to be used when providing care to allindividuals or they appear infectious or symptomatic Wilson, .Infection ControlandPreventionHand Hygiene.Hand hygiene refers to both washing with plain or anti-bacterial soap and water and tothe use of alcohol gel to decontaminate hands St John (2018, p. 255-73). Handhygiene should be performed before and after contact with a client, immediately aftertouching blood, body fluids, after touching objects and medical equipment beforeeating, after using the restroom, and after coughing or sneezingClark., (2019, p. 14-15);Herzig and et.al., (2016).Clark., (2019, p. 14-15); Herzig and et.al., (2016).
Infection Control - Assignment_1

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)(Olson, 2016)gave that PPE includes items such as gloves, gowns, masks, respirators,and eyewear used to create barriers that protect skin, clothing, mucous membranes,and the respiratory tract from infectious agents.Wear gloves when touching blood, body fluids, non-intact skin, mucous membranes,and contaminated items Wilcox, et.al., (2017, p. 305-317). Gloves must always be wornduring activities involving vascular access. Wear a surgical mask and goggles or face shield if there is a reasonable chance that asplash or spray of blood or body fluids may occur to the eyes, mouth, or nose. Wear a gown if skin or clothing is likely to be exposed to blood or body fluids.Remove PPE immediately after use and wash hands (Infection control and prevention.,2019). It is important to remove PPE in the proper order to prevent contamination ofskin or clothing https://www.dhs.wisconsin.gov/ic/precautions.htmClark., (2019, p. 14-15) viewed thatContactisolationprecautions are used forinfections, diseases, or germs that are spread by touching the patient or items in theroom (examples: MRSA, VRE, diarrheal illnesses, open wounds, RSV).Generally, when patients are placed on isolation precautions, there will be a sign at thedoor of their hospital rooms to remind visitors and healthcare workers which isolationprecautions are needed Clark., (2019, p. 14-15). All healthcare workers and visitorsneed to follow these guidelines. Healthcare workers should not eat or drink inisolation rooms and should always clean their hands before entering the room andupon exiting the roomRaza (2010, 23-47).Healthcare workers should:Wear a gown and gloves while in the patient’s room. Remove the gown andgloves before leaving the room .Clean hands (hand washing or use hand sanitizer) when entering and leavingthe room.Visitors must check with the nurse before taking anything into or out of theroom.(Olson, 2016) Droplet isolation precautions—used for diseases or germs that arespread in tiny droplets caused by coughing and sneezing (examples: pneumonia,influenza, whooping cough, bacterial meningitis). Healthcare workers should:Wear a surgical mask while in the room. Mask must be discarded in trash afterleaving the room.Clean hands (hand washing or use hand sanitizer) when they enter the roomand when they leave the room (Pearce, Jones, Fleischfresser, Davis, Jones and Lieske,2018, pp335-50) Airborne isolation precautions—used for diseases or very small germs that are spread through the air from one person to another (examples: Tuberculosis, measles, chickenpox) Ogoina and et.al., (2016, p 16-22).Healthcare workers should:
Infection Control - Assignment_2

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