Influence on National Governments Crime Management

Added on - 21 Apr 2020

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1Organized CrimeParochial Interests State/Locally Based Police Forces Influence onNational Governments Crime Management CapabilityParochial interests groups may not have private individual interests butthey have a focus on the interest of small groups1. Such classified groups include1V.Federico,Mafias on the move: How organized crime conquers new territories,2011, p, 53
2religious, cultural, political, business, or social groups. Illegal gang groups as partof these groups alienate the wider community interests and contravenes globalstandards of common good in the public agenda2. The role of the state in fightingcrime in upholding the people’s rights. Challenges arise when a state encouragesparochial interests through the local police force because organized crimemanagement traverses borders. It involves local and national groups. Incontemporary societies, illegal activities involving money are common and thetendency of the police to conspire with such groups is common3. The fact that thestate puts so much trust in the police complements the ability of the securityagency to resolve such organized crimes. Therefore, law enforcement officersshould not make deals will organized gang groups.In order to address organized crime issues, it is important to understandthe criminal group mechanisms4. Organized crime activities includes extortions,mob cartels, underworld activities and the police may become party by offeringextra-legal security to the group leaders. In Australia, the state police has theresponsibility of serving the citizens in the local territory through private andpublic services5. When a quasi-law enforcement agency engages in eitherinvestigative or crime prevention activities, it brings in a new dimension.Successful policing requires expert skills as well as resources. Organizedcriminals, which have the money, may easily influence stakeholder in the crimeprevention units. The public police units have limitations stipulated within thelegal and police services. Drug barons may control key institutions including themedia. When the police become entrenched in such activities, they have a share inthe crime hence the territory becomes vulnerable to criminal penetration6.Fraudulent dealings misrepresent the skilled police officers andinvestigation officers. This lowers the professional standards of officers and itdestroys the people’s trust. Organizations responsible for dealing with crime2D. Vittorio and U. Maran, Organized crime, the quality of local institutions and FDI in Italy: A panel dataanalysis, European Journal of Political Economy,27 (1), 2011, 132-1423Ibid, p, 234M. Lyman, p, 2175R. Don6P. Corretta, 512
3include partnerships between the police, military and police, military andinstitutions7. The use of organized crimes for white-collar crimes such ascybercrime or political crimes shows lack of goodwill on legal authorities infighting crime. Global or national criminal groups may engage the police formafia, terrorist, drug or other form of organized crime. Studies in criminologypoint out Australians spend more than A$48 in criminal in fighting crime8.Security is a core government service and the public finds it necessary to invest inimproved technology, informal and formal training. This is a community projectthat does not involve isolated interests such as criminal or police groups.Fraud, bribery, identity theft, robbery, are all types of organized criminalactivities. The changing global scene has seen the metamorphosis of such groupsinto business activities with a profit agenda. The government has its owndepartments with internal as well as external policies on dealing with criminalactivities. Commonwealth, federal, state and global policies govern Australia’ssecurity policies9. When parochial interests interfere with the functions of thestate organs, it distorts the logical essence of organized law enforcement. Defectsmay arise during the presentation of evidence or when there are commercialrelationships leading to a conflict of interest. Criminal groups can access personaldata such as tax and driving license details from police records. This means thatthe state organs need rigorous data systems that can cope with the changing trendsof criminal activities10.Arguments about whether state functions should be in partnerships withnon-state organs and individuals continue to linger11State commitment to crime isnonnegotiable and should assure the public of safety. The 2013 Australian Act onlawlessness addresses such gangs12. According to this Act, anyone encouraginglawlessness is liable for imprisonment and collaboration with law enforcementagencies is paramount. Creating a conflict of interest by subverting the focus isillegal. The people need to have confidence in the police service. Shaping a7Australian Government, Crime prevention,8Justice Report on Government Services, 649National Conference of State Legislators, Data Security Laws10Act Government11Don, op cit, 212Vicious Lawless Association Disestablishment Act 2013 ( Queensland) s.2, ss ( 1)
4positive perception revolves around how the police treat the people as well as howthey handle their work professionally. Virtues such as honest in jurisdiction areimportant13. Some of the organized crime groups involve young people who needmentorship. Criminology is a complex industry that poses challenges such ascorruption for the police.Revising punitive measures in state crime is one of the governmentstrategies against organized criminals. Key performance measures for the policeservice in Australia include efficiency and effectiveness14. The national system incharge of responding to organized crime needs a rigorous framework. This allowsit to deal with gun and non-gun related crime. The use of parochial interest groupsis a criminal activity that is on the increase. A comprehensive approach to thiscovers a multilayered and multidisciplinary approach15. This approach is effectivein contemporary crime involving criminal groups and the police units.Professionalism thrives when agencies collaborate and share information. This isimportant for key agencies in the state, territorial, commonwealth, andinternational systems16.Dealing with organized criminals in cartel industries like drugs, humantrafficking and money laundering requires advanced investigative techniques.These unearth any criminal ties to authorities. However, mock investigations maycompromise the strategies when exposed to criminal groups. Crime victimizationreports indicate the involvement of the police17. From the findings, increased lackof disclosure creates fear in investigations. Therefore, the police needs to comeout as nonpartisan in order to nurture the people’s trust. The Sydney Law Reviewidentifies the use of criminal intelligence in dealing with outlaw gangs18. The useof such strategies advocate for responsible government representation. This is inaccordance to the 2009 Criminal Organization Act in Queensland19. It campaigns13F. Alistair 1982-, Urban legends: gang identity in the post-industrial city/ Alistair Fraser, Oxford University Press14Justice Report, op, ct, 6815Australian Government, National Organized Crime Response Plan 2015-1816UNODC, UNODC organizes inter-regional training course on tackling abuse of money and value transfer services, 201717Australian Bureau of Statistics, 4530.0 Crime Victimization, Australia, 2015,-1618M. Greg, Outlaw motorcycle gangs and secret evidence: Reflections on the use of criminal intelligence in control of seriousorganized crime in Australia,Sydney Law Review, 2014, 36 (3)19Criminal Organization Act 2009 ( QLD),
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