Instructional Technology PDF

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INSTRUCTIONAL TECHNOLOGY2Blended learning is also known as hybrid learning, and it is a combination of two sets ofeducation where there are the independent learning and the typical traditional classroom learningwith tutors and instructors(Jonassen, Howland, Marra & Crismond, 2008).Currently, thelearning methodology has had many definitions for it, and no single person can define itconclusively. Accordingto Garrison and Kanuka (2004)students and teachers under this systemapproach learning from a different perspective, unlike before, where there was the addition ofcomputers or teaching aids to classrooms, most of the work and activities that are done in classare performed or carried out by an individual thoroughly trained in education (Khine &Lourdusamy, 2003).Besides that, there are learning materials that the same expert provided tolearners in the form of lectures that have been pre-recorded by him/her. Also, students are givena structured time guide through the materials and resources provided in the lectures and alsofrom the skills acquired from and during classroom experience. In some cases, the individualsemester of a blended learning class often adds emphasis on the classroom time so that learnersmay get a glimpse of that is to come later. Afterward, as the semester progresses, the instructoror facilitator begins giving more workload to learners so they can do with the help of onlineresources and independent studies (Valiathan, 2002).Blended learning utilizes classroom time for such tasks and activities that may requirethe interaction of the student and the instructor directly. Over the years, traditional learning hasbeen used in most institutions, and their method has always been delivery of learning materialsand resources to learners by way of lectures (Crawford & Jenkins, 2018).However, changeshave started coming to the systems of learning and education where instructors van pre-recordand videotape lessons before the time of teaching and learners can utilize such materials on theirown. Students only come to the classroom where there is a need to solve problems or in somecases worth together through some complicated tasks. Besides that, the system is very openwhere 0ver 30% of the work is done online while 70% is done via classroom time ((Jonassen etal., 2008).In most cases, learners are encouraged by facilitators and instructors to engage morein discussing essential aspects and concepts online with the help of the tutor or online studysoftware like the wiki. Blended learning ensures that all the materials for learning are availed onthe web for learners to access and utilize whenever they need(Singh, 2003).Reasons for Adopting Blended Learning in Institutions
INSTRUCTIONAL TECHNOLOGY3Schools should adopt blended learning in their curriculums, and there is more than meetsthe eye when it comes to the method. First, students and instructors have grown a preference forblended learning as compared to the traditional education. The reason is that it is effective, in thismethod, students have the advantage of benefiting from both conventional and virtual learning.With the many smartphones and tablets in the hands of students and also computers, students cannow fit what they ought to do during their course with their other activities. It allows studentscontinue learning and participate in the classroom activities while engaging in other essentialactivities of their preference (Crompton, 2014). Also, the flipped classroom model that is widelyused is the best when it comes to using the independent time to learn the materials and alsointroducing new ideas and concepts. Therefore, with the many techniques and tools used,learning can cover most of the aspects it is required to in a short period.Secondly, the students get more value through the system. There is a wide range oflearning resources that are available to the students both online and in classrooms. Besides that,when the classroom hours are exhausted, students can still benefit from the online materials andthe pre-recorded videos and audio which are at their disposal (Evseeva & Solozhenko, 2015).Thirdly, students get more control, since there are many learning materials and resources,students can plan their learning time and journey, therefore, giving them more control over theirlearning outcome. In the event of finding difficulties, they can also revisit the materials availableand go through the concept that was not understood until they grasp the whole concept.Additionally, teachers can easily carry out assessments, and this enables students to keep up andknow the progress of their learning (Hameed, Badii & Cullen, 2008).AdvantagesStudents in blended learning have access to learning materials and resources anytime and anyday throughout the year. The method helps students get help from the public resources on theinternet, and they may not necessarily need the help of tutors whenever they have difficulties.Limitations of time which were experienced during the traditional method of learning areeliminated (Valiathan, 2002). Also, there is the uniqueness of personalized experiences, wherelearners have different abilities and capabilities, and therefore they can choose what works betterfor them since not all people are the same. Those who are quick of understanding and those whoare slow can have an experience that suits them all according to their preferences. As a result, thelearner through this system can focus on whatever skills and information he/she needs and dos
INSTRUCTIONAL TECHNOLOGY4not need to go through materials that are not relevant. Besides that, there is an improvement inthe collaboration and communications where the learner can grow and become better even in theabsence of the instructor (Snodin, 2013). As a result of that, an interaction between the relevantparticipants and their instructors is enhanced making it better. Finally, the method is cost-effective, in traditional learning, there is a lot of traveling and therefore students spend moremoney, and when they miss classes, they miss out on work. However, this method saves the timespent traveling and the possibility of missing the class.DisadvantagesTechnology dependence has its downside like the internet availability when students andparticipants must use this method, and there must be a reliable internet connection to facilitatethe learning. Besides that, leaners must be aware of the technology and how to use it, if not theymay end up wasting resources offered to them because they can’t use the technology (Garrison &Vaughan, 2008). Additionally, the costs of setting up this program might be costly and mayrequire a lot of investment to kick start. Having various departments could see the costs rise in ashort period but in the long run, the same costs will pay off in a big way.Personal Opinion on Blended LearningLearning is now taking a different shape, and with the introduction of technology ineducation, many changes are necessary for the greater good. In my assessment, I find blendedlearning engaging and unique. Using both traditional and blended learning is better becausestudents get to know what they are weak in and how they can make efforts to improve. Also,they enjoy the quick feedbacks from tutors who are trained in providing such information.However, learners have different preferences when it comes to learning, and some would feelcomfortable engaging each other in blended learning whereas other would opt out. Either way,institutions ought to find the best way of implementing the system by considering both the needsof those who are for it and those who are not. Also, since the method uses a ratio of 70:30 inclassroom and e-learning respectively, tutors must find the right balance to enable all students tobenefit from the technique.PART B
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