Internet Technology Assignment

Added on - 28 May 2020

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1Internet Technology
2ContentsInternet Technology...................................................................................................................1Question 1:.................................................................................................................................4Application Layer...................................................................................................................4Initiation of connection between the client and the server.................................................4Transport Layer......................................................................................................................4Data encapsulation starts....................................................................................................4Network-Interface Layer........................................................................................................5The file is prepared for transfer..........................................................................................5Data-Link Layer.....................................................................................................................5Framing of file....................................................................................................................5Physical Network Layer.........................................................................................................5Prepares the file for transmission.......................................................................................5Receiver’s end........................................................................................................................5Question 2:.................................................................................................................................6Question 3:.................................................................................................................................7Link Local addresses..............................................................................................................7Unique Local Unicast addresses............................................................................................7Global Unicast addresses.......................................................................................................8Private IPv4 address...............................................................................................................8Public IPv4 address................................................................................................................9Question 4:.................................................................................................................................9Iterative resolution.................................................................................................................9Recursive resolution...............................................................................................................9Question 5:...............................................................................................................................10Persistent HTTP connections...............................................................................................10Non-persistent HTTP connections.......................................................................................10Question 6:...............................................................................................................................11References................................................................................................................................12
3Figure 1:TCP/IP Encapsulation..................................................................................................4Figure 2: Process of transfer......................................................................................................6Figure 3: Link Local Address....................................................................................................8Figure 4: Unicast Local address.................................................................................................8Figure 5: Global Local address..................................................................................................8Figure 6: Resolutions...............................................................................................................10
4Question 1:To transfer a file from one PC the steps taken are,The client uploads the file and requests for a connectionThe server accepts the requests and creates a portThe data encapsulation process beginsThe file is framed and deliveredThe connection is terminated[CITATION BFo07 \l 16393 ]Figure1:TCP/IP EncapsulationAsTCP/IP comprises of four layers, all layers becomes a part of the transfer of file asdescribed below[ CITATION PMi10 \l 16393 ],Application LayerInitiation of connection between the client and the serverThe application layer consists of protocols like FTP, SMTP, and SNMP. The applicationlayer compresses the file so that it can be send to the transport layer. Here, FTP protocol willbe used as its basic function is to transfer the file[ CITATION WGo17 \l 16393 ].Transport Layer
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