Indigenous offenders 2IntroductionOver-representation of the indigenous offenders is currently the most significant issue for the social justice and the public policy system in the Australia and New Zealand criminal justice system. According to the government, the representation is quit acute in the acts of injury and public order offenses. However, similar to other offenders, the indigenous offenders are most likely to be male, drug users or unemployed or poor. In addition to it, other factors such as colonization, dispossession and social disorganization have also contributed to the indigenous criminal activities. The present report will focus on the juvenile indigenous offenders as more than half of the children serving in detention in Australia are indigenous. In spite of the fact, that indigenous people account for only 3% national population in the country, half of the juvenile population comprise of indigenous children. The statistics show that a juvenile child is about 26 times more likely to be imprisoned than a non-indigenous child (Soldani, 2016). Therefore, it is important to implement unique strategies which can reduce the overrepresentation and crime occurrence of indigenous juvenile offenses. The current report will explore the efficacy of youth conferencing in reducing the juvenile criminal instance in the country. BackgroundThere are several factors such as colonialism, poverty and racism which have contributed to the over-representation of the indigenous juvenile criminals. The indigenous people have inferior health than others, and they often have fewer opportunities for the employment and are financially weaker section of the society. The lack of employment opportunities is directly related to the criminal activities that a societal subsection partakes in. When the youth participate
Indigenous offenders 3in the criminal activities, they ignore other important aspects of life such as education and skill development. As a result, they have only a single option to resort to criminal activities. Moreover, this social section also suffers from institutional racism which refers to the practice of the discrimination by the political or the social institutions. This discrimination is reflected in thewealth, income, criminal justices and the employment of the people. In this phenomenon, particular group is targeted based on the race. In the present case, the juvenile indigenous population of the country is also turned towards the crime as they have lack of employment opportunities and suffering through poverty. The youth is unfamiliar with the diversified opportunities that they can obtain if they follow right or legitimate paths (Junger-Tas & Decker, 2010). Therefore, it is important that the government and the social service organizations implement effective communication and marketing strategy for reducing the overrepresentation of the youth in the country. The community correction strategies can be used to direct youth towards right opportunities. Thecommunity correction activities encompass certain activities such as detention, community programs, youth conferences which direct the younger population towards corrective path (Shahiddullah, 2015). It makes them familiar with the right way of living and provides them opportunities so that they can change their lives. AnalysisThe present paper discusses the efficacy of youth conference program for the community restoration of the indigenous offenders. The restorative justice conference is used as a response for the offences committed by children or juvenile. It I an effective and evidence-based response to the criminal behavior which is focused on the examination of law breach on the society,
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