Introduction to Organizational Behavior | Study
Added on - 28 May 2020
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1In the present business environment it has become essential for the organisations tounderstand the nature of their most valuable resources i.e. their human resource. The study ofthe behaviour of the individuals within a group is known as organisational behaviour. It is themodern day study that helps firms to understand the need of the employees while they areperforming their task and work accordingly so as to ensure that they perform in their bestpossible way (Alfes, Shantz, Truss and Soane, 2013). There are several theories that havebeen given by organisation which helps us to understand organisational behaviour. Managersneed to motivate their subordinates which help them in gaining optimum performance fromthem. Leaders and managers take use of various ways so as to enhance the motivational levelof the employees.There are several factors that affect the performance of an employee at the workplace.All these needs to be properly take care of so as to ensure that there is no negative impact onthe performance of employees due to these factors. Rewards are essential that managers andleaders distribute rewards to employees that have been performing well within anorganisation (Unsworth, Dmitrieva and Adriasola, 2013). This can be in the form of monetaryor verbal appraisals. This helps in enhancing of levels of confidence inside a worker whichpromotes them to work in a better way. It is an essential that leaders design the job in a betterway so that employees must be comfortable to work within it (Creed, 2011). Designing ofwork according to employees motivates them to work in a more focused way. If the work isnot design appropriately then there must be a problem in performing task accordingly. Alongwith it is crucial that environment of the workplace is such that it supports employeesworking. If the working condition within an organisation is according to the work naturewhich helps in increasing the productivity of the overall firm (Wood and et. al., 2016).In any organisation it is essential that goals must be predefined. It helps employees to movein a particular path and hence they do not get distracted from what they have to achieve. Thishelps in increasing the productivity of the firm in the longer run. There must be setting up ofboth long and short term goals. Apart from this it is the role of leaders and managers tomotivate its employees on a regular basis using various kinds of motivational theories. Ithelps to enhance the quality as well as individual productiveness of the workers (Fuchs andEdwards, 2012). This is beneficial for gaining completive advantage over the others andensuring long term growth of the firm.
2There are several kinds of organisational theories that are given by various researchers.All these can be applied within the organisation by various efforts of managers and leaders.Theory of intelligence is applicable in the context that what is the approach that a worker usesfor solving any issue or completing a task that is given to them. It is the role of the managerto understand so that according work gets assigned to them from next time. Other than thistheory of personality has been understood as what kinds of personality that is present withinthe group. If managers may understand the personality of the individual then they can easilycontrol them and help them in performing in a better way (Sinding and et. al., 2014). Apartfrom this theories of motivation consist many kinds of motivational theories that have beengiven by various researchers. It helps to understand the needs of the individuals and fulfillingthem can enhance the motivational level of the employees which is crucial for achievinghighly productive results. It is the role of the managers to ensure that all the requirements ofemployees so that they perform better. Maslow and Herzberg’s two factor theory are the twocommon and most important theories in this regard (Organizational Behavior Theory inBusiness, 2018).Apart from this theory of perception helps to understand the ways in which an employeepercept towards any work or task. This theory must be understood by the managers to makesure that employees understand the nature of the work and the complication that is associatedwith the task. Along with it theories of attitude and behaviour help to understand the attitudethat is followed by the employees while working within a group (Asag-Gau and vanDierendonck, 2011). It is necessary for the managers to understand behaviour of theemployees so that work can be assigned to them accordingly.Along with these theories, it is also to be understood that there are many kinds of situationsthat arises in the operations of the firm and every workers performs in these situation in theirown ways. If a firm aims to achieve higher productivity their workers have to face all thesekinds of situational problems. Success of any task depends on the approach that an employeefollows. There must be positive and proactive interventions from the management from timeto time so as to ensure that employees are performing in the way which was previouslyestimated.There are many kinds of internal elements that affect the behaviour of workers within anorganisation. In every organisation there is a particular kind of culture that is prevalent(Dietz, 2011). It is essential for the employees to understand the culture. These cultures