Sports and Exercise Psychology (Doc)

Added on - 21 Apr 2020

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Running head: INTRODUCTION TO SPORTS AND EXERCISE PSYCHOLOGYOverview of Bandura's Theory of Self-Efficacy and its application is sportsName of the StudentName of the UniversityAuthor Note
1INTRODUCTION TO SPORTS AND EXERCISE PSYCHOLOGYAlbert Bandura is an eminent psychologist who has widens the understanding of thepeople on the Human psyche along with his contributions in positive psychology. However,his theory of self-efficacy is a part of social cognitive theory is elementary to positivepsychology and peruses to shape thinking in this field. According to Bandura, Self-efficacy isthe confidence in an individual’s capability to influence incidents that affect one’s life and getcontrol over those events are experienced (Maddux & Kleiman, 2012). Self-efficacy mainlyassociates to one’s perception of their capability to attain a goal. It is mainly the belief existsin individuals that they are capable of performing in a way that can take them to the targetedgoal. Therefore, self-efficacy theory is mainly the expectation that makes an individualconfident enough that they can master a condition and create a positive result out of it.Bandura has highlighted four major sources of self-efficacy, which are as follows-1.Mastery Experiences- An effectual way that can built a powerful recognition ofefficacy is through successfully performing a given task which strengths theawareness of self-efficacy in the individual.2.Social modeling- Another important source is when one observes that other peoplecan successfully complete a task. When similar person are perceived successfullydoing a task actually makes the observer raise their beliefs that they also have thepotentials to do it (Duarte, Garganta & Fonseca, 2014)3..4.Social persuasion- When people are encouraged verbally by others leads them toleave aside their self-doubts and pushes them to give their best for the task in hand.5.Psychological Responses- An important role is also played by an individual’sresponses and emotional reactions. The way a person feels about their capabilities toperform a given job is greatly affected by his mood, reactions, stress and emotions(Schwarzer, 2014).Therefore, from the sources of self-efficacy it is evident that it can help the footballcoach to organize practices in such a way so that young players can become as well as stayconfident in the pitch. Before starting a practice session, the coach can take the players toobserve another similar group of players playing football. Through observing, the coach canmake this team boost up their confidence that if they can play it well then why not theseplayers can (Gilson, Chow & Feltz, 2012). Then another major way that will be very muchhelpful is by encouraging the players verbally. If the plays will get constant, encouragementfrom their coach while they are playing this will surely make them confident enough to push
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