Policy Proposal | Report

Added on - 18 Sep 2019

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IntroductionThere has been many policy initiatives, legislations, laws etc. that helps in dealing with the issue of airpollution in UK. But, there are loopholes and drawbacks in many of them. So, the aim of this report is todevelop a policy proposal or a legislative initiative that details the principles, standards and instrumentsas well as implementation strategy for action vis a vis the environmental issue of air pollution in thecountry UK. The proposal begins with defining the context of the problem of air pollution, and then laysthe general actions and principles to deal with the issue and finally, the proposal talks about the specificinstruments and budget that will be used to implement this policy in a proper manner.Problem contextThe environmental issue of air pollution in UKThe quality of the life of people is affected by the Air pollution, the noise that comes from the traffic, thelitter on the streets etc. When these things remain unchecked, the pollution gets built up and then theanti-social behavior gets generated. This is a very serious crime as well as a very serious issue. It hasbeen estimated in UK that the annual cost of the noise that comes from the road transport is almost £7-10 billion and also the authorities have found that there is a link between the noise of the road trafficand the various illness that people suffer from like the heart strokes and the heart attacks (). There is adirect effect of the air pollution on the life of the people and the well-being of the people is alsoaffected. Almost 30,000 people die each year due to the air pollution () and for the others, their lifeexpectancy gets reduced. Not only the humans, but the biodiversity also gets affected due to the airpollution like the yield of the crops gets reduced and the climate changes, etc. The main cause of the airpollution is the emissions from the harmful pollutants and the increase in the concentration of theharmful pollutants in the environment.There are different forms of pollutants present in the air that are harmful for the life as well as for theeco-system. There is a fine particulate matter present in the air that is capable of causing the prematuredeath and is also harmful for the cardiovascular system. This leads to increase in the admission of thepeople into the hospitals and more number of people start visiting the emergency wards of the hospitalsdue to the heart attacks and the heart strokes. Many people become victims of the frequent asthmaattacks too. The fine particles impair the visibility of the people. These are mainly emitted from thegaseous emissions like the nitrogen oxides and the sulfur dioxide. Then, the lead pollution in the airaffects the neuro system of the children and they suffer from the behavioral problems, the IQ level ofthe children reduces too and the adults are faced with the high blood pressure and the various heartrelated diseases (). Carbon monoixde which is again emitted from the vehicles is also a very harmful airpollutant that causes many respiratory and heart disease among the people.This is the main problem that the country is facing and apart from the air pollution caused by thevehicles on the road, the country is also faced with the pollution which is caused by the industries andthe factories.