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Baby Doll Therapy in Dementia Patients PDF

Added on - 19 Aug 2021

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Introduction
This article is about the use of lifelike baby dolls to reduce anxiety, agitation,
and aggression in people with dementia in long-term care (LTC). The population was
patients aged over 65 years-old with dementia in long-term care. The authors
compared the results to patients receiving usual care. The primary outcome was the
reduction of anxiety, aggression, and agitation at week three, and the secondary
outcome was the reduction of anxiety, aggression, and agitation at week one.
The UK journal, Aging & Mental Health published the study, a prominent
international forum discussing the relationship between mental health and the aging
process(Taylor & Francis, n.d.). The journal has an impact factor of 2.956, boasts
readers from more than 30 countries, and widely used indexing systems have accepted
it for coverage. Impact factors reflect the average amount of times that an article
within the journal is cited, this is used to judge the quality of journals(Bornmann &
Marx, 2016).
The authors consisted of members of the Menzies Health Institute, the School
of Nursing and Midwifery at Griffith University and The Queensland University of
Technology, the School of Psychiatry at The University of New South Wales, and the
School of Applied Psychology at Griffith University. This information is identified in
the article and shows that the authors hold qualifications relevant to the field of
research. There is no concern of a language barrier as the article is published in
English by Australian authors.
Title and Abstract
A good journal article title should be specific, summarising the main idea of
the study in as few words as possible(Villar, 2017). The title should aim to capture
the attention of the reader and highlight the research problem(Babbie, 2018). From
the title, the reader should know; the purpose of the research, the scope, the narrative
tone, and the methods used(Babbie, 2018). Following these parameters, the article
does have a good title and is consistent with the text. The study aims to compare a
lifelike baby doll intervention for reducing anxiety, agitation, and aggression in older
people with dementia in long-term care, with usual facility care; and explore the
perceptions of care staff about doll therapy(Moyle et al., 2019).
An abstract is a brief outline of the research article that should include; the aim
of the study, the research problem investigated, study design, significant findings, and
a brief conclusion(Babbie, 2018). The abstract should tell the whole story of the
study and helps readers decide if they want to read more(Babbie, 2018). The article
successful summarises the critical components within the provided abstract.
The article cites relevant and comprehensive literature, with 13 references
discussing the use of doll therapy for dementia patients. The literature cited is current,
supported by seminal work, allowing the potential for future research. The author's
previous research was also cited to support the literature further and the need for the
study(Moyle et al., 2017).
Research Design
The research design used is a mixed-method study, using randomised control
trials (RCT) and interviews to gather data. The RCTs were used to assess the
effectiveness of the intervention and compare it to the control group. The interviews
were used to assess the staffs’ perception of doll therapy and its use for dementia
patients in long term care. These staff members are looking after the patients all the
time so they can notice more subtle changes that could be missed by the researchers.
This is an example of methodological triangulation and adds credibility and validity to
research results(Noble & Heale, 2019).
The research question is not so prominent but can be extracted using the
hypothesis and article title. The researchers are questioning whether or not lifelike
baby dollsreduce symptoms of anxiety, agitation, or aggression for people with
dementia in long-term care. Pharmacological treatments have long been the preferred
choice for alleviating the symptoms that people with dementia face, recent studies
have now found that a psychosocial approach to treatment can better meet the needs
of dementia patients, and reduce the adverse side effects of conventional medications
(Oyebode & Parveen, 2019). Due to the lack of evidence surrounding doll therapy,
this study was needed to develop a basis for further research and begin to explore the
risks and benefits of this treatment(Moyle et al., 2019).
The Sample
The inclusion criteria for the study required the participants to be; 65 years old
or above, diagnosed with dementia and had a documented history of anxiety,
agitation, or aggression in the past four weeks. If they were already using doll therapy
as part of their usual care, then participants were excluded. The study was conducted
between August 2016 and October 2016, and set over five different long term care
centres within Brisbane. The eligible participants were identified by the LTC facility
managers, who then made initial contact with the residents and their families in
regards to the research. The study was approved by the Griffith University Human
Ethics Committee, as well as being registered with the Australian New Zealand
Clinical Trials Registry. Participants (or next-of-kin, as appropriate) provided written
informed consent, and verbal consent was given before each intervention session.
This all aims to protect patient’s rights and privacy. As the trial is working with
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