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401077 Introduction to Biostatistics: Assignment

Added on - 16 Sep 2021

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Introduction to Biostatistics
Name of the Student
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Answer 1
In this part of the assignment, a critical evaluation of the article “Transport behaviours
among older teenagers from semi-rural New Zealand” written by Ward et al. (2015) will be
done based on the checklist provided by Strobe, on the items 10, 12 – 17.
Item 10:
The design of the determination of sample size is not proper in the article. The
number of participating schools have been mentioned in the article, which is 12. Out the 12
participating secondary schools, out of which 8 schools conducted the survey in class and the
rest of the 4 schools conducted the survey at home. There is only mention of the total number
of participating students in the survey, but the number of participating students in class and at
home is not mentioned in the article. Further, there is classification of gender among the
participants and the total number of male and female students have been mentioned, but the
number of male and female students with their preferring mode of transport has not been
Item 12:
The preference of the students on the mode of transport has been mentioned in the
article in frequencies as well as in percentages of the total number of participants. The
transport frustration over the last month has also been mentioned in frequencies as well as in
percentages. But the classification is only performed on the total number of participants and
not on the total number of participants from each gender. There is no mention of missing
dada and how it has been controlled in the whole analysis. There has been no explanation of
the chi square test in the article as well.
Item 13:
There is only mention of the response rates of the participants from the selected 12
secondary schools as well as the response rates of the students responding the survey in class
and at home. There has been no mention of the total number of students, the total number of
students at home as well as in class anywhere in the whole article.
Item 14:
The demographic profile of the students participating in the survey has been analysed
in the article. The age, gender, ethnicity, residing area and weekly income has been analysed.
No discussion about the missing data has been there in the article.
Item 15:
The article sheds light on the summary measures of the students, which is provided in
table 3 in the article. Only the mean and the standard deviation along with the maximum and
minimum numbers of activities and sedentary hours has been provided. This has been
classified according to the total number of students, male students and female students.
Item 16:
The analysis of the variables has been performed using chi-square test. Only the
significance of the tests has been discussed but no information about the confidence interval
has been discussed.
Item 17:
In this paper, the association between the different subgroups has been provided, but
no discussion about the sensitivity of the results has been discussed.
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