Introduction to Health Science

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Running head: INTRODUCTION TO HEALTH SCIENCE 1Introduction to Health ScienceStudent’s NameInstitutional Affiliation
INTRODUCTION TO HEALTH SCIENCE2Introduction to Health ScienceIntroductionIt is critical to acknowledge that health is the most important facet of life. Health aids inattaining or accomplishing individual ambitions, favors individual efficiency and mostimportantly contributes towards one’s lifespan. Health also leads to success as well as happiness.There are several health issues facing human beings. It is worthwhile noting that understandingand comprehending the complexity of these numerous health problems or issues can aid thehealth care professionals as well as health-related systems to address and contain the issues aswell as their determinants. Bowel cancer is among the health issues which impact individualsworldwide. According to Asaria et al. (2015), bowel cancer also referred to as colorectal cancerrefers to cancer that begins in the colon or rectum. It is initiated by an anomalous growth of cellswhich attack the colon or rectum and spread to other body parts. Notably, this health issue(Bowel cancer) is important because it negatively affects the health of people leading to deathand disability. Bowel cancer also has economic impacts, thereby, becoming one of the criticalissues in the current era. Therefore, this paper endeavors to explore and asses Bowel cancerincluding its determinants, risk factors, and interventions for addressing the issue.BodyThere are several determinants of colon cancer including age. Bowel cancer is shown tobe more prevalent among the older individuals. Research shows that almost 5 out of 10colorectal cancer cases in Australia, as well as the United Kingdom, are diagnosed in personsaged seventy years and above. Subsequently, adenomas or polyps can also cause cancer if noteliminated early enough (Aparicio et al., 2014). Polyps are considered to be the primary cause ofbowel cancer. Studies indicate that approximately one-third of a populace get to have at least a
INTRODUCTION TO HEALTH SCIENCE3single adenoma when one attains the age of 60s, however, only a smaller fraction of polyp cancause cancer. Additionally, genetics is also a major determinant of bowel cancer. The risk ofcolorectal cancer increases if one of the first generation or degree relatives was diagnosed withthe disease. It is vital to note that the risk even increases further if more than a family memberwas once diagnosed with colorectal cancer.Similarly, inflammatory bowel disease including Crohn’s disease and Ulcerative colitisalso determine bowel cancer because they result in inflammation of the bowel, therefore,increasing bowel cancer risk up to seventy percent (Beaugerie & Itzkowitz, 2015). Otherdeterminants of bowel cancer include smoking, alcohol consumption, and poor diets. It estimatedthat 1 in 10 colorectal cancers is associated with smoking and the risk can increase in regards tothe cigarettes number smoked per day. On the other hand, obese people are as well associatedwith colorectal cancer with statistics indicating that 13% of people suffering from colorectalcancer results from obesity (Atkin et al., 2017). It is the physical inactivity and eating of fattyfoods rich in calories which result in obesity leading to the development of bowel cancer.Consequently, having a body mass index of more than 30 leads to obesity; suggesting higherrisks of contracting bowel cancer.The relevant health and related systems for bowel cancer include screening. It is worth tonote that receiving regular or more often screening test for colorectal cancer is the mostsignificant way of protecting one from the chronic ailment (Carney & Coyne, 2017). Screeningdetects cancer at its very beginning stage when it is more curable as well as treatable. Moreover,screening aids in preventing the ailment through establishing the abnormal growths,aforementioned as adenomas which cause bowel cancer. Colonoscopy is always required ifcancer signs are detected. It is usually used to assess the sigmoid (lower part of the large
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