Introduction To Information Technology (IT)

Added on - 21 Feb 2021

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INTRODUCTION TOINFORMATIONTECHNOLOGY
ABSTRACTInformation technology has become an integral part of the business functionsandoperational activities. Thus, it has become very essential for the companies to understand thevarious concepts of information technology so that they can adopt suitable solution for theirbusiness. The report will discuss the role of information technology within business and howapplication of intranet and internet can help in exploring the business objectives. It will alsoanalyse the application of IT systems within business through case study of Marks & Spencer.Information technology represents the phases of the conceptual model that explains theprocedure for the implementation and development of Information technology that are planning,system requirement.
TABLE OF CONTENTSINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................1LITERATURE REVIEW...............................................................................................................1Role of information technology within business environment....................................................1Social and ethical issues related to IT.........................................................................................2Various types of networking technologies...................................................................................3Intranet and internet in business.................................................................................................3System development life cycle (SDLC)......................................................................................4ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSION..................................................................................................7CONCLUSION...............................................................................................................................8REFERENCES...............................................................................................................................9
INTRODUCTIONInformation technology (IT) is defined as the use of telecommunication systems for thesharing and management of information. This technology of development and integration ofnetwork and computer systems for distribution and processing of data. IT system plays a greatrole in achieving business goals by managing organizational or business data. The effectivelyimplemented IT systems plays a significant role in achieving business goals and to achievesuccess(Rosemann and vom Brocke, 2015). However, it is vital for the organizations to employsuitable networking strategies which suits their business and to analyse the relevant social andethical issues associated with IT. The study will evaluate the significance and contribution of ITin the success of Marks & Spencer (M&S) which is leading multinational retailer. The report willalso discuss the system development stages and ethical issues related to IT.LITERATURE REVIEWRole of information technology within business environmentAs per the view ofGibson, Rosen and Stucker, (2015) information technology is havingthe important effect in the operation of business whether the business is small or big and at thesame technology is having the tangible and intangible benefits that helps in making the moneyand give the result as the customer’s demand. Presently the organizations are using theinformation technology in its most of the functions and in all the department. Best example isemail, companies like Marks and Spencer uses the email ubiquitous while connecting to itsemployees and outside. Information technology goes far behind the operation in this competitiveedge and make them enable to enter into the big markets at the same they can expand theproducts and service lines in effective way and keep the tabs on competitors. Now this is becomethe more pervasive aspect in the operation of business and in that many managers and employeesnot to be seen a separate function. IT is become the indispensable element for each and everydepartment of the business as it derives innovation and fosters the growth in the organization.Information technology helps the business in many ways that it keeps the eye in the expenses andprofits of the business and the strong IT helps the company to trim the cost and make it moreproductive. Automation and the digital tools make the work of company fast as the work thatrequire the hours now performed in the minutes and enable the company to accomplish moretask in shorter period. It also enables the company to track the sales data, expenses and the level1
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