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INTRODUCTION TO PSYCHOLOGY

   

Added on  2019-12-03

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INTRODUCTION TOPSYCHOLOGY
INTRODUCTION TO PSYCHOLOGY_1

INTRODUCTION Main aim of this task is to study the psychological perspectives. These psychologicalperspectives involve certain assumptions about the behaviour and beliefs of a human being. For thisbehaviourism, psycho-dynamic and biological theories are studied to explain Ross's behaviour.Physiological components are linked to the brain activities of an individual, the genes are the basicinformational compound of a human being. As per the given case, Ross is the patient who is facingpsychological issue and his feelings and physiological components mixes up creating a reaction inthe mind to develop love for animals (Curtis and Day, 2013). PSYCHOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVESAccording to the Behaviourism theory, an individual’s behaviour is affected by the externalstimuli. The conscious mind of an individual gets affected by the external and internal environment.With the impact of environment, a positive or negative reinforcement is generated. Thisenforcement generates repetitive urge for an animal. Biological theory suggests that Ross'sbehaviour is inclined towards the love for animal due to his genetic inheritance (Coon and Mitterer,2012). The mind consists of various stimuli which trigger to reaction on any thought or feeling of ahuman being. Psycho-dynamic theory on the other hand objects on the variables of science andstates that a human behaviour is all made up inside any individual’s personality. To understandRoss's behaviour of animals, the psychologist must get to the inside of Ross's head to understandwhat triggers his love for animals. The behaviour might be impacted by the effect of differentpersonalities in one's mind thus each behaviour has a cause. Ross's love for animals may begenerated from his childhood memories. The behaviour which Ross encountered being a childwould have impacted his deep love for animals in his unconscious mind. Ross adult's personality isthe product of his childhood experiences. His personality and ego through the psycho sexual phaseof his childhood triggered the features which generates his association with animals (Compare andcontrast the main approaches - Biological and Behaviourist, biological and cognitive, Psychodynamic and Behaviourist, 2015).COMPARISON AND CONTRAST OF PSYCHODYNAMIC AND BEHAVIOUR THEORY The behaviour and psycho-dynamic theories; both have similarities and differences in theirapproaches. Behaviour theory suggests that the behaviour of an individual is created by the externalconditions which intercept with the mental state of the human being. Likewise, psycho-dynamictheory also says that individuals’ behaviour and feelings are a result of powerful affection withhis/her unconscious mind (Coon and Mitterer, 2012). Psycho-dynamic theory states that each kind
INTRODUCTION TO PSYCHOLOGY_2

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